Darren WinkelmanStudent ID: 000803509C464 Presentation Plan Topic: Domestic Corporal PunishmentAudience: The ideal audience for this topic is primarily parents of young children and people who are either expecting or planning to have to children. This speech would also benefit those with a general interest in the overall well-being of children and may wish to advocate on their behalf. This topic is appropriate for all audiences of child-rearing age and older. This topic is significant to my audience because understanding how domestic corporal punishment effects children could change parenting methods and develop more intelligent and less aggressive new generation.
Significance: This topic is significant to my audience because the way in which parents punish their children has both long and short-term consequences that affect their overall development. This presentation is fulfilling the needs of my audience by showing some examples of those negative outcomes. Outline Introduction Attention-getter: I’ve spanked my children. I’ve always felt regret immediately after doing so.
That didn’t stop me from spanking them again. However, the more I spanked, the more regret I felt. I am not alone in this, according to a State University of New York at Buffalo study, 85% of middle-class American families express remorse for spanking their children (Graziano & Hamblen, 1996). So, why keep doing something you regret? Was what I was doing wrong in some way? More importantly, was spanking, or even other forms of domestic corporal punishment, harming my children beyond the immediate effects of a strike to the hand or buttocks? Thesis statement: Research suggests that domestic corporal punishment impairs child development because it is associated with lower IQ and increased aggression amongst the recipients. Preview of main points: Being subjected to domestic corporal punishment can impair cognitive development leading to a lower IQ.
From childhood and into adulthood, children that have been spanked show higher levels of aggression than those that have not. Body Domestic corporal punishment is associated with lower IQ. The spanking of toddlers is correlated with slower cognitive development, while verbal and other non-physical punishments are not. (Berlin et al, 2009) A study conducted by the University of New Hampshire shows that the more often a child is physically punished, the lower his or her IQ is likely to be. (Straus & Paschall, 2009) Domestic corporal punishment is associated with increased aggression. Mothers that frequently use corporal punishment report increased aggressive behaviors amongst their children.
(Taylor et al, 2010) While a majority of the recipients of corporal punishment do not develop a propensity for aggression, there is an increased risk of behavioral problems, especially when coupled with higher genetic risk factors. (Boutwell et al, 2011) Show visual aid. (Boutwell et al, 2011) Conclusion Restatement of the Thesis: Research suggests that domestic corporal punishment impairs child development because it is associated with lower IQ and increased aggression amongst the recipients. Summary of main points: Being subjected to domestic corporal punishment can impair cognitive development leading to a lower IQ. From childhood and into adulthood, children that have been spanked show higher levels of aggression than those that have not. Closing comment: Most parents that spank their children regret it. I ask again; why do we continue to do things that we inevitably wish he hadn’t? There are other ways to discipline a child that are equally and more effective in both the short and long term than corporal punishment.
Time-outs, loss of privileges, and believe-it-or-not, even simple explanations and reasoning with children are more appropriate with less negative outcomes. The next time you need to discipline your child, consider the outcomes, don’t do something you will regret. References Graziano, A.
, & Hamblen, J. (1996). Subabusive violence in child rearing in middle-class American families. Pediatrics, 98, 845-848.Berlin, L., Ispa, J., Fine, M., Malone, P.
, Brooks-Gunn, J., Brady-Smith, C., Ayoub, C. & Bai, Y.
(2009). Correlates and Consequences of Spanking and Verbal Punishment for Low-Income White, African American, and Mexican American Toddlers. Child Development, 80, 1403-1420. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.
gov/pmc/articles/PMC2987237/Straus, M., & Paschall, M. (2009) Corporal punishment by mothers and development of children’s cognitive ability: A longitudinal study of two nationally representative age cohorts. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma,18(5), 459-483. Retrieved from http://www.
tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10926770903035168Taylor C., Manganello, J., Lee, S., & Rice, J. (2010) Mothers’ spanking of 3-year-old children and subsequent risk of children’s aggressive behavior. Pediatrics, 125, 1057-1065.
Retrieved from http://www.repeal43.org/docs/Tulane%20Study%20Ap-10.pdfBoutwell, B.
, Franklin, C., Barnes, J., & Beaver, K. (2011) Physical punishment and childhood aggression: the role of gender and gene-environment interplay, Aggressive Behavior, 37, Retrieved from http://www.repeal43.org/docs/Physical%20punishment_Genes.pdfVisual Aid