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Culture can be described as
the complete collection of ideas which are used as the basis of any given
society. These ideas typically involve such things as religion, cuisine, architecture,
language, art forms such as music, sculpture, painting, theatrical performances
etc., styles of clothing, scientific knowledge, and so forth. We all know what
someone’s character is. Are they reliable? Are they honest? Do they bend the
truth? Are they punctual etc. Culture is the character of an organization or
group of associated people. Does the organization value punctuality or does it
tolerate tardiness? Does it put customers over employees? Does the group ‘take
care of its own’? It’s a group’s ‘character’.

One of the main aspects of
culture is “language.” People who share the same culture, often speak the same
or a similar language. Speaking in a certain language can also affect your
personality and how you view the world (ELMES, 2013). How we think about
situations directly effects our personality. When we consciously have thoughts,
and make decisions we use words (usually sticking to one language, but
sometimes interchanging). What words we have available, and therefore what
thoughts we can describe, and how they get described is based on the
restrictions of the language we are using (in most cases). For example, a
language that uses gendered nouns will subliminally influence your thoughts
about those objects because of how you approach them linguistically and
therefore in your thoughts. A language that does not have a word for a specific
feeling your emotion may be experiencing, forces you to use known words to
“get close” to the feeling you’re having. Common phrases like “I
can’t put what I’m feeling into words”, while often over used, are
sometimes a reality, and there are other languages that could accurately
describe exactly what that person is feeling. All this subtly effects mood and
personality similarly to how
colors can have the same effect. The connection amongst language and culture is
an astonishing one due generally to a limited extent to the immense trouble in
understanding individuals’ psychological procedures when they impart (ELMES
2003). Coming from the Middle East where the general spoken language is Arabic,
where the expressions are quite literal. (for example, when someone is being
too annoying, we say “stop eating my liver.” It doesn’t quite make sense in
English but makes perfect sense in Arabic.) There are hundreds of expressions
like this one, which make no sense in English, however help us fully express
ourselves in Arabic.

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The second aspect of culture would be “religion” or beliefs. A religion
is a system of shared beliefs about the divine or spiritual. Adherents of a religion
may divide their identities based on the finer points of belief (Episcopalian
rather than merely Christian), or form organized groups such as church

Religion is often taken as an explanation for the things we don’t
understand. Thousands of years ago we didn’t have modern science too explain
why things were the way things were. Why do we live? Why do we die? Why does
the sun rise, or set? Even basic things such as should I eat this certain type
of food. Religion gives a sense of unification and purpose. Many humans’
greatest fear is the fear of death, religion gives a peace of mind to people as
most religions preach afterlife or reincarnation. Of course, people have warped
religion over the ages to fill their own pockets, but the original idea of
religion is still quite pure, and some of these basic communal gatherings still
exist where no one asks to take your money.

According to Harvard Divinity School, religion is one of the biggest
aspects of culture, to the point that a culture cannot be recognized without a
religion. Distinctive religious customs comprehend the impact of religion upon
legislative issues in various ways. Customs that we may call ‘principal’
recommend that legislative issues involve sorting out society as indicated by
divine charges. In Iran, for instance, the most noteworthy court in the land is
a religious one, drawing its standards from the Shia branch of Islam – the
second biggest Islamic branch worldwide after the Sunni convention. This court
can veto laws of parliament and choose who can hold control (E- International
Relation Students 2017.)

Due to the majority of the population of the Arabic-speaking countries
being Muslim, the most commonly celebrated festival within the society is Eid
Al-Fitr. The commensurable equivalent of Eid Al-Fitr in the western culture
would be Christmas.  Eid al-Fitr means
“celebration of the breaking of the fast.” The celebration denotes
the finish of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the
Islamic calendar. Muslims keep away from eating and drinking from first light
until dusk amid Ramadan, according to Religonnews. In December, Christians celebrate
the birthday of Jesus. Amid this season, there is specific accentuation on the
occasion that happened around 2,000 years back in the town of Bethlehem in
Judea(Israel.) During Christmas time, churches show nativity scenes. These
displays demonstrate the infant Jesus in a stable encompassed by different
creatures, shepherds, and Mary and Joseph. Such nativity scenes customarily
have additionally been shown out in the open spots (strip malls, state funded
schools, parks, and so on.) in a great part of the Western world.

Symbols are the foundation of culture. A symbol is a protest, word, or
activity that stands for something unique with no characteristic relationship
that is socially characterized. All that does for the duration of their life is
based and composed through social imagery. Symbolism is when something speaks
to digest thoughts or ideas. Some examples of symbolism would be objects,
gestures, figures, sounds, and colors.

Gestures are a type of non-verbal correspondence in which real
activities impart specific messages, either set up of discourse or together and
in parallel with talked words. Gestures can vary from physical non-verbal
correspondences that do not convey messages, for example, expressive
presentations, proxemics, or showcases of joint consideration. Gestures enable
people to impart an assortment of emotions and musings, from disdain and
threatening vibe to endorsement and friendship, frequently together with
non-verbal communication notwithstanding talked words.

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