Croprotation Every day we thinkmore about our earth, how to protect our environment, live healthy and still losenothing while trying to reach that.
Soil erosion and pollution is one of theenvironmental problems that we are facing today and the main reason for that isirresponsible agricultural activities. Crop rotation can help not only to dealwith this problem but also to save money.What is crop rotation?Crop rotation isthe systematic planting of different specific crop in a special order forseveral years in the same field.
Whenone vegetable is grown in one field for many years, it takes certain nutrientsfrom the soil and lack of soil nutrition leads to poor plant health and loweryield. This process helps maintain nutrients in the soil, reduce soilerosion, and prevents plant diseases and pests. Rotation schedule and planttypes depends on soil type, climate and resources. Rotation time also dependsfrom different plants, soil needs and farmer1.
Crop rotation helps to keep soil nutrition balanced. Rotationbetween heavy nitrogen using a plant (such as Maize) and a nitrogen depositingplant (e.g. Soybean) can help maintain a healthy soil balance2.Also crop rotation prevents plants diseases, pests bymixing crops that may be more subjective to some diseases or pests to the onethat is not subjective.
For example, although corn is affected by cornrootworms, soybeans are not. The soybeans help suppress the pest so that thecorn planted the following year will not be as adversely affected by it3By the way crop rotation is really important toorganic farming and gardens as it helps to reduce the amount of fertilizers orpesticides.Crop rotation – Greening in Lithuania Crop rotation is abig part of agriculture in Lithuania. It’s used by small farmers in villages,by amateurs and by professional farmers. From 2013 ‘Greening’ project wasinitiated by EU so that farmers that adopt and maintain farming practices thathelp meet environment and climate goals can benefit financially.How does greening work?Green directpayments account for 30% of EU countries’ direct payment budgets. Farmersreceiving an area-based payment have to make use of various straightforward,non-contractual practices that benefit the environment and the climate.
Theserequire action each year4.They include:· diversifyingcrops· maintainingpermanent grassland· dedicating5% of arable land to ‘ecologically beneficial elements’ (‘ecological focusareas’).Cropdiversification requirement is for farmers with over 10 ha of working land.If farmer has notmore than 30 ha he has to grow at least 2 crops and the main crop cannot covermore than 75% of the land.
And if more than 30 ha farmers have to grow at least3 crops, the main crop covering at most 75% of the land and the 2 main crops atmost 95%5.Problem and solutionSoil erosion andpollution Soil erosion isthe displacement of the upper layer of soil, one form of soil degradation. Alow level of erosion of soil is a naturally occurring process on all land, butsoil erosion is increased by using chemical and synthetic fertilizers. Fertilizersalso pollute soil and water. Planting the same crops every year or doing croprotation incorrectly increases soil erosion and depletion of nutrients6.Solution:Crop rotation is agood solution for soil pollution and erosion because it can fix and help with:· Soilorganic matter;· Carbonsequestration;· Nitrogenfixing;· Pathogenand pest control;· Weedmanagement;· Preventingsoil erosion;· Biodiversity;· Farmproductivity;· Riskmanagement.StakeHolders · Farmers;Saves money for fertilizersa and pesticides.
Producemore healthy food. Maybe earn less money if crop rotation will be madeunprofesionaly.· Manufacturers;If corp rotation will be made unprofesionalyy it canaffect the yield and then the amount of crops they will have to process. Theywill also earn less if rotation will be unsucesfull.· Productionusers;Some users prefer Eco-riendly products;Price can get higher if rotation won’t be succesful;Naturally grown products are essential for healthylifestyle whitc is quite popular nowdays.· Environmentprotection agencies;Crop rotation is enviroment friendly process so theywill be happy with that.· Investors;Crop rotation can be risky if done without certainknowledge so investors can consider not to invest or invest less with moresevere rules.· Country;Economic growth can slughtly differ depending on armprofits;Safe and protected enviroment is an important matterfor every country.
SwotStrengths· Environment-friendly;· Noneed to spend money on fertilizers;Opportunities· Increasedfarm productivity;· Organicfarming;Threads· Lessyield because of unprofessional rotation;· Financialrisks;Weaknesses· Takestime and knowledge to improve land fertility and balance; 3,6%Farms in 2015 were not suitable for ‘Greening’ benefits and just 2,69 % in2017.Resultsand future actionsResults concerning greening in LithuaniaAbout 3.6% of farms in 2015 didnt fit to get greeningbenefits and only 2.69% in 2017. In2017 there were two times less Farms that didn’t match both ‘ecologicallybeneficial elements’ and crop diversification requirements (138 in 2016 and 76in 2017)7. Su swotreik kad jis pArodytu kaip tavo solution paveiks ekonomika society irenvironmentTeigiamineigiami 1 https://www.maximumyield.com/definition/317/crop-rotation2 https://www.maximumyield.com/definition/317/crop-rotation3 3https://www.maximumyield.com/definition/317/crop-rotation 4 https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/direct-support/greening_lt5 https://zum.lrv.lt/lt/naujienos/zalinimo-reikalavimu-naujoves-2016-m6 http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/soil-erosion.html7 http://valstietis.lt/naujienos/ukininku-zinios/zalinimo-reikalavimu-igyvendinimas-lietuvoje-2015-2017-m/