created by UN in order to help South Korea, it wasindeed an UN war. 2 – Review of The Literature Eventhough the concepts of “peacemaking” and ” collective security ” have been issued tovarious academic studies on the framework of United Nations in the Korean Warwith its role /position /resolution as a subject of Cold War period .Thesestudies analyse Korean War in itself , the United Nations and other actors . The PhD Thesisreview on the Proquest Theses & Dissertations database from the onlinesources of Marmara University and written sources of the Library of MarmaraUniversity ,with the key words of ” peacemaking” and “collective security ” exposed that many dissertations were written for theUnited Nations and its role/resolution/position in the Korean War .
Theexamples contained : United Nations , Everyone’s United Nations , New York : UN,1986 ; Sandler ,Stanley ,The Korean War No Victors No Vanquished ,London : UclPress ,1999 ; Karn ,Margaret P ; Mingst, Karen A , ?nternational OrganizationThe Politics and Processes of Global Governance ,Boulder ,Colorado : LynneRinner Publishers , 2004 ,124-129 ; Calvocoressi , Peter , World Politics since1945 , London : Longman ,1989 ,88-120 ; Werrell ,Kenneth P , Korean Atrocity!Forgotten War Crimes ,1950 – 1953 , Annapolis : Aerospace Power Journal ,2001 ;Lyons ,Gene M ,Military Policy and Economic Aid : The Korean Case , 1950 – 1953, Columbus OH : Ohio State University Press , 1961 ; Shrader , Charles R ,Communist Logistics in the Korean War , Westport : Greenwood Press , 1995 Furthermore,United Nations in the Korean War in terms of its role /resolution /positionorganize one of the very crucial constituents of UN’s framework and they havebeen indispensable point of relevance of many scholars in the course .Thepresent studies focus largely either on specific historical turning points andactions of actors during 1950 – 53 and its background and also on a specificexpression of United Nations role / resolution / position during the Korean Warwhich existed in the Cold War period . These works are limited on Turkishwritten resources but English or foreign resources are much more than theTurkish written resources . However there are limited resources that viewedespecially the this case . Infact , a research on the Proquest Theses and Dissertations database and ongoogle scholars database shows that some important portion of the works .Theexamples include : Schnabel , James F , Policy and Direction The First YearKorean War Us Army in the Korean War , Washington , Dc,1992 ; Hauben , Jay ,”Is the United Nations Role in Korea 1947 – 1953 the Mode Being RepeatedToday ,2012 ; Hauben , Ronda ,” Us Misrepresents its Role ?n Korean Warand Armistice Agreement as United Nations Command ,taz blogs ,June 26 ,2013 ;Ambassador Jin Son Ho at the UN ; Stueck ,William , Rethinking the Korean War :A New Diplomatic and Strategic History , New Jersey : Princeton Press ,2002 ; Millett ,Alan R ,TheKorean War Volume One Korea Institute of Military History , Lincoln ,NE :University of Nebraska Press ,2000 ; Hwang , Su – Kyoung , Korea’s Grevious War,Philadelphia : University of Pennysylvania Press , 2016 Inthe light of these researches on theses and dissertations’ databases .It isattention grabbing that there are a few studies ,which handle United Nations’role / resolution / position in the Korean War in a historical and theoreticalframework .The absence of many work that analyses primarily UN in the KoreanWar creates a little space in the literature , which needs to be performed.
This study is special to fulfill working on the United Nations in the KoreanWar with the framework of ” peacemaking ” and ” collectivesecurity ” which were its main founding purposes or aims . Another contribution of the studyis that analyses of Korean in various books. For example : The Hidden Historyof The Korean War by I.F.Stone .That study is a controversial book, The Hidden History ofthe Korean War by I.
F. Stone was originally published in 1952 during theKorean War (1950-1953) and republished in 1970 during the Vietnam War(1960-1975). It raised questions about the origin of the Korean War, made acase that the United States government manipulated the United Nations, and gaveevidence that the U.S. military and South Korean oligarchy dragged out the warby sabotaging the peace talks. Publishing such a book in the U.S. during the time of McCarthyism, whilethe war was still continuing was an act of journalistic courage.
Forty yearslater, declassified U.S., Soviet and People’s Republic of China documents bothconfirmed some and corrected some of Stone’s story. Until his death in 1989, Stone was an experienced and respected,independent, left-wing journalist and iconoclast. This book-length feat ofjournalism, with over 600 citations for his quotes and materials, is atestament to Stone’s search for a way to strengthen his readers to think forthemselves, rather than be overwhelmed by official stories and war propaganda. However , there are also another book resourses which analyse the KoreanWar . That was written by Christoph Bluth, a professor of international studiesat the University of Leeds and a founding member of the Korean Research Hub,seeks to explain the North Korean security crises from both a historical andgeopolitical perspective.
He has spent time in Seoul at Yonsei University as avisiting professor and as a scholar with the Korean Institute of DefenseAnalysis. Bluth provides a balanced narrative of the ongoing crisis betweenNorth Korea and its neighbors suitable for both academic and general audiences.Unfortunately, his book adds little to current scholarship and demonstrates thedifficulty most authors experience while analyzing North Korea.Crisis on theKorean Peninsula / Published April 05, 2013 Crisis on the Korean Peninsula by Christoph Bluth. Potomac Books, 2011, 272pp. Another book source about the Korean War is TheKorean War : The Story and Photograps by Donald M.
Goldstein, Harry J. Maihafer. This compelling photographic history examines thewar in its entirety, from its causes and protagonists to the strategies,weapons and battles. Goldstein and Maihafer have collected more than 450 vividphotographs, many never before seen by the general public. Published on thefiftieth anniversary of the Korean conflict, The Korean War remembers the experience of the Americanfighting man in “the forgotten war.” Last but not least , anotheroriginal contribution of this study is that it is going to measure the Korean Conflict in Cold War Athmosphereis that Masuda Hajimu’s Cold War Crucible is an inquiry into this peculiarnature of the Cold War. It examines not only centers of policymaking, butseeming aftereffects of Cold War politics during the Korean War: Suppression ofcounterrevolutionaries in China, the White Terror in Taiwan, the Red Purge inJapan, and McCarthyism in the United States.
Such purges were not merely endresults of the Cold War, Masuda argues, but forces that brought the Cold Warinto being, as ordinary people throughout the world strove to silencedisagreements and restore social order in the chaotic post-WWII era under themantle of an imagined global confrontation. Revealing social functions andpopular participation, Cold War Crucible highlights ordinary people’s roles inmaking and maintaining the “reality” of the Cold War, raising thequestion of what the Cold War really was. Another book sources which analyzedthe Korean War the Truman – MacArthur Contraversy and The Korean War by ProfessorJohn W. Spanier that examines the central issue of this crisis–the gravechallenge to the traditional concept of civilian supremacy, resting in thePresident of the United States, over the military, that was posed byMacArthur’s stand. He makes it clear that this controversy was not unique, thatit stemmed not only from MacArthur’s personality but also from tremendouspressures to change a “limited war” into a total effort for completevictory.
After all , these researches might be able to help us to analyzed theUnited Nations in the Cold War specific to Korean War on various ways .