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created by UN in order to help South Korea, it was
indeed an UN war.  

 2 – Review of The Literature

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   Eventhough the concepts of ”
peacemaking” and ” collective security ” have been issued to
various academic studies on the framework of United Nations in the Korean War
with its role /position /resolution as a subject of Cold War period .These
studies analyse Korean War in itself , the United Nations and other actors .


      The PhD Thesis
review on the Proquest Theses & Dissertations database from the online
sources of Marmara University and written sources of the Library of Marmara
University ,with the key words of ” peacemaking” and ”
collective security ” exposed that many dissertations were written for the
United Nations and its role/resolution/position in the Korean War . The
examples contained : United Nations , Everyone’s United Nations , New York : UN
,1986 ; Sandler ,Stanley ,The Korean War No Victors No Vanquished ,London : Ucl
Press ,1999 ; Karn ,Margaret P ; Mingst, Karen A , ?nternational Organization
The Politics and Processes of Global Governance ,Boulder ,Colorado : Lynne
Rinner Publishers , 2004 ,124-129 ; Calvocoressi , Peter , World Politics since
1945 , London : Longman ,1989 ,88-120 ; Werrell ,Kenneth P , Korean Atrocity!
Forgotten War Crimes ,1950 – 1953 , Annapolis : Aerospace Power Journal ,2001 ;
Lyons ,Gene M ,Military Policy and Economic Aid : The Korean Case , 1950 – 1953
, Columbus OH : Ohio State University Press , 1961 ; Shrader , Charles R ,
Communist Logistics in the Korean War , Westport : Greenwood Press , 1995


,United Nations in the Korean War in terms of its role /resolution /position
organize one of the very crucial constituents of UN’s framework and they have
been indispensable point of relevance of many scholars in the course .The
present studies focus largely either on specific historical turning points and
actions of actors during 1950 – 53 and its background and also on a specific
expression of United Nations role / resolution / position during the Korean War
which existed in the Cold War period . These works are limited on Turkish
written resources but English or foreign resources are much more than the
Turkish written resources . However there are limited resources that viewed
especially the this case .


fact , a research on the Proquest Theses and Dissertations database and on
google scholars database shows that some important portion of the works .The
examples include : Schnabel , James F , Policy and Direction The First Year
Korean War Us Army in the Korean War , Washington , Dc,1992 ; Hauben , Jay ,
“Is the United Nations Role in Korea 1947 – 1953 the Mode Being Repeated
Today ,2012 ; Hauben , Ronda ,” Us Misrepresents its Role ?n Korean War
and Armistice Agreement as United Nations Command ,taz blogs ,June 26 ,2013 ;
Ambassador Jin Son Ho at the UN ; Stueck ,William , Rethinking the Korean War :
A New Diplomatic and Strategic History ,

New Jersey : Princeton Press ,2002 ; Millett ,Alan R ,The
Korean War Volume One Korea Institute of Military History , Lincoln ,NE :
University of Nebraska Press ,2000 ; Hwang , Su – Kyoung , Korea’s Grevious War
,Philadelphia : University of Pennysylvania Press , 2016


the light of these researches on theses and dissertations’ databases .It is
attention grabbing that there are a few studies ,which handle United Nations’
role / resolution / position in the Korean War in a historical and theoretical
framework .The absence of many work that analyses primarily UN in the Korean
War creates a little space in the literature , which needs to be performed
.This study is special to fulfill working on the United Nations in the Korean
War with the framework of ” peacemaking ” and ” collective
security ” which were its main founding purposes or aims .


Another contribution of the study
is that analyses of Korean in various books. For example : The Hidden History
of The Korean War by I.F.Stone .That study 
is a controversial book, The Hidden History of
the Korean War by I. F. Stone was originally published in 1952 during the
Korean War (1950-1953) and republished in 1970 during the Vietnam War
(1960-1975). It raised questions about the origin of the Korean War, made a
case that the United States government manipulated the United Nations, and gave
evidence that the U.S. military and South Korean oligarchy dragged out the war
by sabotaging the peace talks.


Publishing such a book in the U.S. during the time of McCarthyism, while
the war was still continuing was an act of journalistic courage. Forty years
later, declassified U.S., Soviet and People’s Republic of China documents both
confirmed some and corrected some of Stone’s story.


Until his death in 1989, Stone was an experienced and respected,
independent, left-wing journalist and iconoclast. This book-length feat of
journalism, with over 600 citations for his quotes and materials, is a
testament to Stone’s search for a way to strengthen his readers to think for
themselves, rather than be overwhelmed by official stories and war propaganda.


However , there are also another book resourses which analyse the Korean
War . That was written by Christoph Bluth, a professor of international studies
at the University of Leeds and a founding member of the Korean Research Hub,
seeks to explain the North Korean security crises from both a historical and
geopolitical perspective. He has spent time in Seoul at Yonsei University as a
visiting professor and as a scholar with the Korean Institute of Defense
Analysis. Bluth provides a balanced narrative of the ongoing crisis between
North Korea and its neighbors suitable for both academic and general audiences.
Unfortunately, his book adds little to current scholarship and demonstrates the
difficulty most authors experience while analyzing North Korea.Crisis on the
Korean Peninsula / Published April 05, 2013

Crisis on the Korean Peninsula by Christoph Bluth. Potomac Books, 2011, 272


Another book source about the Korean War is The
Korean War : The Story and Photograps  by Donald M.
Goldstein, Harry J. Maihafer. This compelling photographic history examines the
war in its entirety, from its causes and protagonists to the strategies,
weapons and battles. Goldstein and Maihafer have collected more than 450 vivid
photographs, many never before seen by the general public. Published on the
fiftieth anniversary of the Korean conflict, The Korean War remembers the experience of the American
fighting man in “the forgotten war.”

Last but not least , another
original contribution of this study is that it is going to measure  the Korean Conflict in Cold War Athmosphere
is that Masuda Hajimu’s Cold War Crucible is an inquiry into this peculiar
nature of the Cold War. It examines not only centers of policymaking, but
seeming aftereffects of Cold War politics during the Korean War: Suppression of
counterrevolutionaries in China, the White Terror in Taiwan, the Red Purge in
Japan, and McCarthyism in the United States. Such purges were not merely end
results of the Cold War, Masuda argues, but forces that brought the Cold War
into being, as ordinary people throughout the world strove to silence
disagreements and restore social order in the chaotic post-WWII era under the
mantle of an imagined global confrontation. Revealing social functions and
popular participation, Cold War Crucible highlights ordinary people’s roles in
making and maintaining the “reality” of the Cold War, raising the
question of what the Cold War really was. Another book sources which analyzed
the Korean War the Truman – MacArthur Contraversy and The Korean War by Professor
John W. Spanier that examines the central issue of this crisis–the grave
challenge to the traditional concept of civilian supremacy, resting in the
President of the United States, over the military, that was posed by
MacArthur’s stand. He makes it clear that this controversy was not unique, that
it stemmed not only from MacArthur’s personality but also from tremendous
pressures to change a “limited war” into a total effort for complete
victory. After all , these researches might be able to help us to analyzed the
United Nations in the Cold War specific to Korean War on various ways . 

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