Countless offenders will still re-offend after treatment, increasing criminal activity.
Once an individual comprehend the psychological factors connected with criminal behavior, it will improve the efficiency of treatment. This paper will describe three psychological factors associated with criminal behavior. This paper will explain how these factors might influence the treatment of offenders. This paper will explain how the knowledge of psychological factors might contribute to the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of the treatment of offenders.
The three psychological factors associated with criminal behavior are antisocial personality disorder, low self-control, and aggression behavior. One personality disorder that associated with criminal behavior is psychopathy. Psychopathy is a blueprint to violence (DeLisi & Vaughn, 2012). Psychopaths are irresponsible; elaborate; expressively emotionless, calculating, heartless, overconfident, bossy, short tempted individuals who manage to disrupt social norms and harass others without remorse or concern (DeLisi & Vaughn, 2012). Psychopaths are human hunters without conscience. Psychopaths have the need for sensation seeking (DeLisi & Vaughn, 2012).
The second psychological factor associated with criminal behavior is low self-control. Low self-control reliably connected with participation in antisocial behavior. Individuals with low levels of self-control are portrayed as being irresponsible, narcissistic, unsympathetic to others, and disposed to dangerous behavior (Boccio & Beaver, 2016). Experiential research on self-control shows that low self-control is connected with delinquency, criminal behavior, antisocial behavior, and violence (Boccio & Beaver, 2016). In communicating the idea of low self-control, they maintain that individuals who are low in self-control will manage to practice short-term satisfaction without concern of the long-term penalties of their actions (Boccio & Beaver, 2016). Furthermore, research uncovers that low self-control is connected with a range of negative life consequences, involving criminal oppression, mediocre health, and economic problems.
The third psychological factor associated with criminal behavior is aggression behavior. Disagreeable individuals are less likely to successfully control both negative affect, influence connected with violence and disagreement and perception, which might influence individuals towards acting out (Jones, Miller, & Lynam, 2011). Low self-control is the main variable that predicts delinquency behaviors (DeLisi & Vaughn, 2012). Low self-control can be detachment over the entitlements and opportunities of others when acknowledging them with individual gratification in any way; irresponsible behavior, or noticeable inconsistency between the power of motivation and the greatness of social response; failure to practice deep attachment to other individuals (DeLisi & Vaughn, 2012). Low self-control has complete lack of trustworthiness of readiness to accept blame. Individuals with anti-social personality disorder, low self-control and aggression are more likely to re-offend. The significance of dependably forecasting criminal behavior is a need for evidence-based risk instruments (Bonta & Andrews, 2007). The need to appropriately match the platform of service to the offender’s risk level is essential.
As danger level rises then the quantity of treatment required to decrease recidivism also increases. Advance risk criminals have more criminogenic needs than minor risk offenders and then additional intervention is needed to tackle these needs (Bonta & Andrews, 2007). Low risk criminals are extra supportive and driven to submit with treatment demands than high risk criminals. Incorrect corresponding of treatment strength with criminal risk level can lead to misused treatment resources and in some conditions, in fact, make matters worse (Bonta & Andrews, 2007).
Numerous criminals continue to re-offend after treatment, intensifying criminal activity. When a person realizes the psychological factors associated with criminal behavior will expand the efficiency of treatment. This paper described three psychological factors associated with criminal behavior. This paper explained how these factors might influence the treatment of offenders. This paper explained how the knowledge of psychological factors might contribute to the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of the treatment of offenders.