2 INTRODUCTION.. 4
3 Literature review.. 5
4 Methodology. 7
5 Data analysis and recommendation. 9
5.1 Data analysis. 9
5.2 Main issues identified. 11
5.3 Recommendations. 12
5.4 Third party recommendations. 15
6 Conclusion. 16
7 References. 17
8 Appendices. 18
Within a year thousands
of students enter to the university with lots of hopes. They come here to
continue their learning, to learn essential skills to pursue a particular
career to find a better job with a good salary, to meet new friends, to have
more independence, to experience the university life etc. So each and every
students that comes to our university, “University of Sri Jayewardenepura” also
have the same hope and university too help them to a certain extend to
accomplish their goals.
But the problem is all
the students here do not have the ability to get the use of these opportunities
easily as others. We have some students with different disabilities. Such as
physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, vision impairments, hearing
problems, mental disabilities, arms or leg handicapped etc. These students
should not be discriminated and disadvantaged by the university. University
need to ensure some adjustments to facilitates those students. So our main
concern through this report is to help those students with disabilities, who
could not make their voice to the society and suffering a lot because of this
As we see our university
provides a variety of facilities to students to help their studies. There are
qualified lecturers, lecture halls with good facilities, friendly staff, and a
huge library, there are lots of clubs to join, you can sing, dance, there are
no. of sports facilities, a gymnasium and many more. But there is a question
whether all these facilities are arranged in a way, so that disabled students
can also enjoy those. Without any further discussions the answer will be no.
Because lack of consideration was extended on the needs of them when designing
In order to help this
problem, we first gathered information about the students with disabilities by
talking with them, and also we gathered information about the facilities
available here in our university by providing a questioner to some faculties.
By doing all these what we hope is to point out the missing facilities
available and to provide some recommendations to help these students. So they
will get the some opportunities. As all the other students in the university.
To get the base to our
report we went through some past researches and past paper articles about the
issue. When referring to the work of previous researchers.
We first found the
research done by
Kiran, Babasaheb Bhimroo University, Lucknow. On infrastructure facilities for
differently abled students. A comparative study of government and
The primary goal of that
research was to identify the differences in infrastructure facilities and
student’s level of satisfaction. The result show that Non-Government
institutions were providing more infrastructure in comparison to government
students for disable students. According to their research none of the
institutions have walking aids, internal phones and two-way radio remitter
facilities. Majority of the Government institutions have very low level 0f
satisfaction regarding the availability of facilities for disable students.
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of the rights of person with disabilities. Act no: 28 of 1996.
act was establish for the establishment of a national council for person with disabilities,
for the promotion advancement and protection of rights of persons with
disabilities in Sri Lanka.
on managing the transition to university for disabled students; by Mark Taylor,
Mike Baskett and Chris Wren.
Purpose of that research is to
examine mechanism for managing the transition for school to university for
disabled students. There they have outline a number of areas that need of
students with a disability. They recommend that education infrastructure are
required to make reasonable adjustment for with a disability.
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on the differently abled community of Sri Lanka by Jayani Balasubramanium
she has given her review and opinion about developing the facilities for
disabled people in Sri Lanka to create a positive change in the world.
Through all these past
researches what we found in conclusion is that facilities available for
disabled is lack. And need to be improved. So through our research we aim to
highlight those issues and provide recommendation for those issues, with the
help of these past researches.
Main aim of our research
is to increase the facilities in our university for disabled students. So that
they can also achieve a great success it they are given enough support and
opportunities. Since disabled people are actually differently abled people,
they should also be given enough facilities within the university to improve
their skills. So they will also get the opportunity and pleasure of enjoying a
normal life as all the other students. We should not look at them as a burden. Instead
we should encourage them to face their life challenges with courage.
There can be differently
types of disabilities. Mainly we can categories in to 13 arears such as,
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
Blind or low vision (BLV)
Cognitive disabilities (CD)
Deaf or hard of hearings (DHH)
Development delays (DD) Early childhood
Language or speech impairment (LSI)
Multiple disabilities (MD)
Other health impairments (OHI)
Orthopedic impairment (OI)
Specific learning disabilities (SLD)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Belonging to one of these
would be consider as disabled. The main thing is we should understand that
students with disabilities are not different from others. But they have some
special needs that need to be addressed carefully.
According Jackie Concley
(We referred google documents) there are many ways in which you can help
disabled people. He has mainly highlighted some general rules for helping
Treat them as equals
We should also treat these students as equal
to other because they are no exceptions. They also like to have friends, have
fun and to engage in university activities as others. So we should not
hesitate, and be afraid to make them participated in all the activities. We
should always encourage them.
Ask before you help
should not always jump in and help those people. Because without knowing their
need we could make a harm to them than good. So should politely ask whether
they need any help and especially we should not offer any medical advices to
them without proper knowledge.
Never assume someone does or does not have
knowing the correct incident we should not call they disable. Because with the disabilities
they could act and feel different. Those kinds of behaviors can have an adverse
effect on them.
Do not stare at the disabled
We not should just stare at the disabled
students. So then they will feel embarrassed. They also live a life as others.
Simply look at them as the way you look at others.
Respects and understand confidentially
When interacting with such people, we should
be respectful in both act and words. And we should always protect their
All these rules are
applied when dealing with such students. In general when it comes to a
university other than all these we should ensure some special facilities for
them to help their studies. According to our research some students tend to
drop university due to lack of facilities, which is not a good sign anyway.
Unless universities talks
necessary steps to improve facilities the rate of disable students dropping out
the university will increase drastically. Universities welcoming the
application of disable students also make them responsible for adjusting.
Necessary facilities to access the course. If you cannot facilitate you should
not admit them. If you admit you should fulfill their needs.
Data analysis and recommendation
Number of disables and
available facilities in each faculty
To find the number of
disable students in each faculty and how they treat them and to find the
available special facilities, we did a small research by providing a questioner
to each faculty. Given below are the results.
of Humanities and Social Science –
There are about 30 disabled students out
of which 5 have bearing aids.
One important issue we got to know is that
those five students are learning the lecture through the gestures of the
lecture. And because of using microphones they could not see the movements of
the lips of lecturer. And they tend drop lectures because of this issue.
No special arrangement have being taken to
help those students
Some students have reported their issues
to the department office, but they say that there is nothing to do with that
reported issues. And we could not consider it as a responsible answer.
Main issues identified
Through the whole
research, we could identify some major issues faced by disable as follows.
Lack of elevators
is only four or five elevators for the entire university. There is a difficulty
for them to reach the lectures hall, at least there must be sloped stair case to
take wheel chairs easily. Because a small stair case can be a huge barrier for
is a problem for them to travel from one place to another, for that they always
need a help from another student. So it is better to have a special kind of
transportation system if possible to help them.
lack of human support
some students they always need a support person. Always their friend cannot
fulfill this need. There should be some person at special places like canteen,
library, administrative building to help them to reach their needs.
students should be provided with special accommodation facilities. Such as special
hostel rooms in ground floor with attached bathrooms.
Lack of sanitary facility
is only one washroom for the disable in the entire university. While improving
the facilities for other students, we think that their facilities should also
issue in the library is that, there is no elevator for the library. They also
have an issue to access the books they want. It is good to have a library
assistance to help the students to find the book they want. What they request
is to increase the technology in a way to support them, and increase the number
of braille books, apply voice recognition software etc.
Lack of counseling facilities
means not only physical disabilities, mental disorders can also be taken into
this category. So there must be a proper counselling service specially designed
for the needs of disabled students. Then they can share their ideas with them
Third party recommendations
This report is intended to help the students with
different disabilities to face their challenges. Since limited attention is
extended to help those students, we through this report hope to make a noise to
bring the management attention to help disabled students. We basically did two
researches, one with the faculties of Universities of Sri Jayewardenepura, and
the other one with the students in the university. As per the research we
learnt that a very low level of facilities and services are rendered to the
students with disabilities. The level of satisfaction of the disabled students
about the facilities is reducing drastically. Many of the students have dropped
down university because of lack of facilities. Through our research we mainly identified
transportation problems, accommodation problems, difficulties to reach the
library, sanitary problems, lack of human support, and lack of equipment as
main issues of them. So from our report we recommend some facilities that could
be implemented in our university to help the disabled students. Some of our
recommendations are to make stair cases with slopes, increase the no of elevators,
and have a special fund to help, adopt user friendly technologies, build
barrier free environments, provide financial help to buy equipments, to have
signal boards for disabled students, to provide a human assistant etc. This is
our genuine effort to help the students with disabilities, because it brought
tears to our eyes while listening to their stories. Our only hope is to make
this successful and to bring management attention to help those students.