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Committee: United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs (UNCND)Topic: Drug liberalizationCountry: Mexico School: Bay View HighDrug liberalization pertains to a new strategy in the war against drugs that is sweeping the globe. Drug liberalization is a process of lowering or eliminating the restrictions on drug use. Liberalization policies ultimately aim to ensure responsible drug use and to reduce the medical, physical and psychological harm drug abuse.

Variations of drug liberalization include: drug legalization, drug relegalization and drug decriminalization. In the past, in 2017 united nations has worked towards drug liberalization and has come up with resolutions which are adopted by CND.Resolution 60/1Preparations for the sixty-second session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs in 2019Resolution 60/3Improving the governance and financial situation of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime: recommendations of the standing open-ended intergovernmental working group on improving the governance and financial situation of the United Nations Office on Drugs and CrimeResolution 60/6Intensifying coordination and cooperation among United Nations entities and relevant domestic sectors, including the health, education and criminal justice sectors, to address and counter the world drug problemResolution 60/7Promoting scientific evidence-based community, family and school programmes and strategies for the purpose of preventing drug use among children and adolescents.

Moreover, the Mexican Congress has approved changes in the General Health Law that decriminalized the possession of illegal drugs for immediate consumption and personal use, allowing a person to possess up to 5 g of marijuana or 500 mg of cocaine. The only restriction is that people in possession of drugs should not be within a 300-meter radius of schools, police departments, or correctional facilities. Opium, heroin, LSD, and other synthetic drugs were also decriminalized, it will not be considered as a crime as long as the dose does not exceed the limit established in the General Health Law Many question this, as cocaine is as much synthesised as heroin, both are produced as extracts from plants.

The law establishes very low amount thresholds and strictly defines personal dosage. For those arrested with more than the threshold allowed by the law this can result in heavy prison sentences, as they will be assumed to be small traffickers even if there are no other indications that the amount was meant for selling. Mexico believes that all drugs including cocaine, heroin and crystal meth will be legal within 10 years, said the country’s former president Vicente Fox, after a court ruling that he said makes the legalisation of marijuana inevitable. ”  think marijuana legalisation is a first step,” Fox told Reuters on Tuesday.

“It’s now irreversible.”Committee: United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs (UNCND)Topic: Prevention of illicit trade and production of counterfeit drugs through reinforcement of global drug policies Country: Mexico School: Bay View High

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