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Clinton: “Women’s Rights are Human Rights” There is myriad of ways to read and reading strategies that work well in different situations especially in this type of setting. In academic situations, rhetorical reading is a great device for understanding complex texts.

Rhetorical reading means you are carefully and actively thinking about your own purpose for reading the source as well as the author, the author’s purpose, the author’s audience, and context. To effectively read rhetorically, it is an essential to understand the rhetorical situation. Rhetorical situation is a broad concept that can be broken down into different pathways, but the key components stay the same. They include context, author, audience, text, and purpose.  While rhetorical reading can work with any text, I applied it to Hillary Rodham Clinton “Women’s Rights Are Human Rights” to understand how her speech was necessary for the act for people to recognize equal rights for all women and stand up against the Chinese government for their lack of human rights and women rights. On September 5, 1995, Hillary Clinton delivered a speech. According to Hayden, “A speech represents a defining moment in Clinton’s advocacy for women and her styles as a rhetor.

” (par 3). Clinton’s speech addressed a broad audience, but it speaks to that audience including the women in America and women around the world. The rhetorical situation of this speech represented obstacles for Clinton as she faced criticism ever since she became the first lady and received new criticism for giving this speech. However, rhetorical reading will help you gain information in a particular situation.

  Clinton begins her speech by giving a message that human rights are women rights once and for all. Clinton makes a statement “let it be that human rights are women’s rights and women’s rights are human rights, once and for all.” (Clinton 71). Clinton dived into delicate diplomatic issues. Clinton builds a strong appeal on her audience by telling about many of the things that women around the world go through each day.

Many of these things are rape, violence, forced abortion, and murder. Clinton having a voice for the women that go unheard and speak for those that have been through hardships to protect our rights, our safety, our health and our families recognizes they are able to speak freely. Clinton uses her own experiences and knowledge to show her audience that she understands women’s rights. Hillary closes this by giving courage to everyone to be on the same common ground and taking action for the world we want to see.

Clinton used many different strategies describing the purpose of the act.??In the beginning, she shows a form of the agency by listing contributions to the world that women make.??The list included things from being leaders, working at home, having jobs, and being mothers. The list of responsibilities that women uphold, used in the very beginning, immediately shows what women are capable of doing.

 This paper defines the process of rhetorical reading and demonstrates its usefulness considering how Hillary Rodham Clinton “Women Rights Are Human Rights” effectively argues to give voice women everywhere whose experiences go unnoticed. The way she implements her speech makes it credible because we know that she is the first lady of the United States. How it effect’s how we understand the text’s argument is by understanding the purpose. The vivid language she uses makes it respond to the needs and expectations of the reader. The author of a text is “any individual or group of people who create or initiate a text; the terms rhetor and writer are equally common.”   Discuss:  The author of which is another key component to the rhetorical situation determining the “credibility, motivation, bias, multiple/singular author, language, interests, experiences.” (U3 Paper Guide). All these factors play out to determine a text’s reliability.

The coursepack states, the author of a text is “any individual or group of people who create or initiate a text.” (Heasley et al. 83). In some cases, an individual may already have an opinion of the author. Finding out how effectively the author persuades the reader and communicate their ideas, we must analyze the text. It is important to consider how the author presents herself to the audience and the author’s reputation to understand the text’s argument.

 Audience as referring to intended, unintended, primary, secondary. The audience of a text is “any individual or group of people who consume a text.” (Heasley et al. 82).

Their beliefs and values and the relationship to the author seen through expectations and emotions. The audience shapes what the text argues about and how it makes the argument is by knowing what kind of audience is represented in the speech and the way it is informed to the public. Context can refer to a wide range of things; generally, anything that affects what a text says or how a text makes an argument is part of the situation.

Context is “A responsible reader should understand as much of the conversation around the issue being discussed as possible.” (Heasley et al. 85). The outside forces affecting the text are the men and the government that doesn’t agree with what it says and how it says. It can include events, time period, location, setting, political, historical, cultural, religious, social, constraints that both limit and generate what a text says and how it says it.  Text and purpose like the goal of the writer the text and genre. The Coursepack notes that A text means “The product of any communication between two or more people and always has a purpose.” (Heasley et al.

80). As in what type of genre it is. The readers will encounter new types of genre that you’re not used to. The text type and the expectations that go along with it helps understand the textual conventions and the purpose of that given speech. The medium she has represented made it know it a serious issue and that we are facing it on our own. The style constraints that go with it is using the rhetorical device to make her argument more persuading and cohesive.

The word choices make it known that she was very fond of the word choices that make it go to another level to form as one. The speech is encouraging, powering and a statement to women everywhere and in the United Nations. The speech was strategically pulling in the argument together to further the implications.  Apply:  There are many audiences, the primary audience is the woman around the world, women in general and the international women’s rights advocates. The intended audience is the men and women and government. The secondary audience is the Chinese people and the people who lack the human rights of the government.

The unintended audience is the citizens. How she says it in the text is, “She delivered this address on September 5, 1995, to an international audience of women’s rights advocates from across the globe, including representatives from non- government organizations.” (Clinton 68). Clinton beliefs are women should be treated with respect and dignity everywhere. It was a goal of her speech and moving beyond to give women their freedom. She defines freedom by saying, “The right to assemble, organize, and debate openly.

” (Clinton 71). The speech on this issue allows the audience to know where Clinton stands. The author of this speech is Hillary Clinton. Her qualifications are being the first lady of the United States. Her motivation is to treating women equally no matter what gender-based and defend human rights and women rights in general. How she shows it in the text is by her saying, “The great challenge of this conference is to give voice to women everywhere whose experience go unnoticed, whose words go unheard.” (Clinton 69). She used the act to her advantage and specified that human rights and women’s rights are still violated every day.

How does recognizing these details through rhetorical reading effect our understanding of the text is knowing who she is as a person, her bias and the way she sees the world.  The text and purpose are Clinton is trying to regain the right to human rights and women rights. It is stated directly that her purpose was this, to begin with.

Clinton shows it at the beginning all the way through the end. The purpose she was trying to get across is her speech was all about women not having the same rights as men. In what ways, the purpose fit in the rhetorical situation the rhetor is speaking is by her as a woman giving this speech and having the experience of giving this speech.

There are so many tactical issues women face every day just being defined in that term. Clinton conveyed how urgent the need for the equal right is, and how women’s rights are vital to the future of society. Her argument is delivered, in which she describes how the process of providing education and safety for women could improve the world’s overall greater success. Though the initial purpose of the speech, was for Clinton to show her disapproval for the treatment of women around the world, she stated later that a different purpose for the act was to stand up against the Chinese government for their lack of “Human rights, and women’s rights.” This is a pretty strong claim and it wasn’t the initial goal of her speaking at the conference; however, she used the act to her advantage and added to it. The speech is recognized for opening up more eyes to the problems women face around the world.

??Human rights and women’s rights are still violated every day, yet one of the purposes of the speech was to inform exactly what had been going on around the country, and she met that goal. Clinton’s speech laid a foundation to give a voice to the women who were forced to remain silent.  Hillary Clinton was the first lady of United States speaking at the U.


C when she gave this speech. Her audience may come to the speech with preconceptions about her that may positively or negatively affect her with the audience. Clinton has interviewed many women, the home-makers, and nurses, the teachers, and lawyers, the policymakers and women who run their own businesses. She talked about government officials, NGO’s, and individual citizens are working to address the health problems of women and girls. The credibility for Clinton is she is an expert on this topic because she is women and she has been challenged by her will and spreading the word about discrimination on women.

Because Clinton is a woman, it makes sense that she should be giving this speech to woman right’s and not a man.  Clinton is a credible author. She is looked upon as a role model. The context needed to understand the way Clinton delivered the information and how the audience received it.

Clinton is trying to impel everyone to have equal rights and opportunities to fulfill society, and better the lives of women worldwide. Clinton’s goal was to signify the importance of women rights within of human rights. She wanted to create a movement where it will increasingly get more women rights and defend human rights in general. In that time period where there were many things happening like women weren’t treated with respect.

 Women were benefiting the world by raising children giving birth, cooking meals and running countries etc. The outside forces affecting the text conveys the message she is portraying. The speech was broadcasted all over America and being a woman was sympathetic to every other woman dealing with the same issue. While reading Hillary Clinton’s speech “Women Rights Are Human Rights” I used the rhetorical situation to effectively define, discuss, and apply to help me better understand the rhetorical situation.  Rhetorical reading is a useful strategy for understanding and evaluating a text.  Applying rhetorical reading to ” Women’s Rights are Human Rights” deepened my understanding of the text and how it responded to the rhetorical situation. Clinton as a speaker helped me understand the purpose in its context. This process is helpful to anyone reading a text and thinking critically to help understand the author’s purpose.


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