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Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, are some of the most known, and are some of the oldest religions in the world. These three religions are also referred as the Abrahamic religions, which are a group of Semitic-originated religious communities of faith that claim descent from the practices of the ancient Israelites and the worship of the God of Abraham. The term Abrahamic religion comes from the biblical figure Abraham. The “ancestry” of the three religions all come from Abraham; his son Ishmael, and Isaac, who’s descendants were future, Christians-Jews, and Muslims, respectively. Because of language differences, they call God by different names, but they are one and the same. They believe that God is the creator of the universe. The three faiths are all fiercely monotheistic. All three religions also originated from southwest Asia. Judaism and Christianity originated from present-day Israel.

            Historically speaking, all three religions can be dated to the Bronze Age, in the Middle East. It all starts when God promises a nomad leader called Abram/Ibrahim, that he would become the father of a nation (great people) as long as he did as told. In Islam, Prophet Ibrahim is the friend of God and the father of Prophets (Ismail or Ishmael in English and Ishaq or Isaac and the grandfather of Prophet Yaqub or Jacob). He is also one of the ancestors of the Prophet Muhammad. The story of Ibrahim to Muslims is very similar with just a couple things different compared to Christianity and Judaism (Religions).

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In the Jewish tradition, Abraham is the father of the Jews and Judaism. According to Christian tradition, God asked Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac “to prove that he was ‘worthy of becoming the father of a mighty nation, which would be as numerous as the stars in the sky or the grains of sand on the seashore'”. (Religion-Judaism). Abraham is an important figure that helps Muslims, Christians, and Jews to recognize certain commonalities among them and also certain shared heritage, this common interest in once principal, religious figure (Abraham in Judaism, Christanity, and Islam).

            All three faiths emphasis the special covenant with God, each religion has their own “way” for “establishing” that bond. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are monotheistic faiths that worship the God of Adam, Abraham, and Moses, the creator, sustainer, and lord of the universe. ”They share a common belief in the oneness of God (monotheism), sacred history (history as the theater of God’s activity and the encounter of God and humankind), prophets and divine revelation, angels, and Satan. All stress moral responsibility and accountability, Judgment Day, and eternal reward and punishment” (Islamicity.org)

            Peace is central to all three faiths. This is reflected historically in their use of similar greetings, such as in ”Islam, as salaam alaikum; Shalom Aleichem in Judaism, and in Christianity (depending on which branch) pax vobiscum. Peace in the family, in the world, and in the community, is stressed in all three religions” (Islamicity). Often, however, peace extends to greeting others, whether they are family members, friends, or simply strangers.

            Respect for prophets is given by the three religions. Muslim respect for all the biblical prophets is reflected in the custom of saying “Peace and blessings be upon him” after naming any of the prophets and in the common usage of the names Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Daoud (David), Sulayman (Solomon), and Issa (Jesus) for Muslims. In addition, Islam makes frequent reference to Jesus and to the “Virgin Mary, who is cited more times in the Quran than in the New Testament” (Professor Khalid J. Qazi)

            The three Abrahamic religions believe that God and human beings can and should communicate with each other. “By revelation God communicates to people, among which the most important are revelation through prophets. These revelations are recorded in the Holy Scriptures of each religion”.” While the Holy Scriptures of the three religions are not the very same, nevertheless the younger two religions acknowledge God’s truth as found in the previous religions, and encourage respect to the Holy Books. While each of the three religions does not merely focus on one set of writings, the key Scripture of Judaism is the Torah, the key Scripture of Christianity is the Bible, which consists of the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) and the New Testament, and the key Scripture of Islam is the Qur’an” (Robin McMahon).

            In each of the three religions, there are a set of guidelines, or “rules” to guide each on their behavior, and life. For example all three religions do not allow murder of any kind, or to worship any other gods. Each religion believes that God wants us to speak the truth, and to help especially those who are not capable of helping themselves, such as widows, orphans, and the poor. All three of the religions also have the golden rule; do to others as you would have them do to you.  We are to submit ourselves to God, and live honestly, praising God. All three religions closely link religion and morality. Religion is to be manifested by showing concern for the well-being and dignity of others, in a life of service to others, and in personal and social ethical behavior (Faith Matters).

            Leaders of each religion from King David, Joshua to Constantine and Richard the Lion-heart to Muhammad and Saladin, have engaged in “holy wars” to either defend or spread their religions. The reasoning behind each war may be different but it is the same burning desire to protect, and spread their religions that make these religions so similar. The joining of faith and politics has existed since the creation of all three religions.

            Jerusalem the holy city, regardless of which of the three religions one believes in, Jerusalem will forever always be one of the most, if not the most important place in the three religions. Known in Hebrew as Yerushalayim and in Arabic as al-Quds, it is one of the oldest cities in the world. For example, The Dome of the Rock is holy for Muslims, Jerusalem is the place where Jews believe God has given to them, and to Christian it is where Jesus was crucified and brought back to life (Professor Khalid J. Qazi). 

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