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is one of the most populous nations, and one-child policy was introduced in
order to release the social burden about overpopulated problem and its
consequences. On the other hand, the policy enables China to boost the country’s
economic and social standards. Chinese population increasingly keeps growing.

As a result, it has been affected the country economic and the lives of the
people in China. China need enough food supply to such enormous numbers of
people and many other essential necessaries in life such as medical and water
supply. The policy curbs population growth; however, it has effected many social
and economy aspects both positively and negatively. The fertility rate in china
began declining in the late 1970s since China introduced the one-child policy.

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Its purpose is to limit the number of children in urban and rural areas. This
policy is likely to have reinforced the decline in the fertility rate. But whether
the policy was like government’s expectation about China population is still
different opinions. It is always conflicts related to those fight against each
other should be people and government. In facts, the policy truly helped to prevent
the overpopulation and boost economic development. On the other hand, the policy
brings discrimination, prejudice, violation of human rights, and many others
changed of cultural and social aspects. The process of socialization that the
government makes which has been taking over their roles and taking control of families’
lives and rights.  While India’s policy
is not enforced, China’s policy is really strict. The reason people do not
follow India’s policies because their citizens do not think much of the rule,
so that it is ineffective result in birth rate decline. On the other hand,
China do strictly follow their policies much like a law. Chinese
families went through a period where they lost the right to decide how many
children to have, and the
power of government are law, policy, and restrictions forces Chinese people to
follow the rule. However, there are only a few people who try to break the
policy and fight against the Chinese government. The government wants to keep
this power because the government believes that the policy should bring many social
benefits for the country. However, it truly weakened the family bond since
there are many only one child in family. As a result, it creates the old ageing
of the population and the many adults with a certain type of socialization
while growing up. One of the primary objectives of such policy is to gender
imbalance through forcing families to have fewer children as well. This notion
has resulted in sex selective abortion, female infanticide, and imbalance desired
male scale. A serious imbalance between population of men and women brings
great risks to the development of society. In the short
term, it may have been effective in lowering the population, but it would not
fix the long term overpopulated problem in China.


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