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 CHAPTERONE INTRODUCTION1.1 Definitions ·     A presidential palace is the formal, royal ‘residence’ and’workplace’ of the Monarchs and high-ranking dignitary, in some nations theyuse only as a Workplace  like here inKurdistan and in many counties uses both as a workplace and a residence likethe “White House” in USA. The world’s largest Presidential Palace is in Turkeywhich is named as “Cumhurba?kanl??? Saray?” (Presidential Complex ). ·    Thetitle president is came from the Latin prae- “before” + sedere”to sit.” As such, it initially designated the officer who presidesover or “sits before”.

 ·    A presidentialsystem is a democratic and republican scheme of government where a head ofgovernment leads an administrative branch that is separate from the legislativebranch. This head of government is in most cases also the head, which is calledpresident. In the majority of presidential systems, the president is elected bypopular vote. A presidential system contrasts with a parliamentary system,where the head of government is chosen to power through the legislative.

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 ·    A Palaceis came from the Palatine Hill in Rome, where the Roman kings built theirresidences.  Is a luxurious, deluxe,royal residence, and sometimes a seat of government or religious center. As abuilding a palace should be distinguished from a castle, that is a largebuilding or group of buildings fortified against attack with thick walls,battlements, towers, and in many cases a moat.      Figure 1: Abu Dhabi Presidential Palace 1.2 Historical BackgroundFrom the ancient times any tribes and groups had a manger thataffairs and directs them, for this reason they built their own special place togather and work till now day by day the construction of this place wasdeveloped till it reached to a Palace.The earliest recognized palaces are those built in Thebes by KingThutmose III (reigned 1504–1450 BCE) TuthmosisIII’s temple was devoted to Amun and nearby, a chapel was built to honorHathor, as well. Its ancient name was (Amun)-Djeser-akhet, meaning “Holyof Horizon”.

And by Amenhotep III (reigned 1417–1379 BCE) of Egypt.Digs of Amenhotep’s palace reveal a rectangular outer wall enclosing alabyrinth of small, dark rooms and courtyards, a pattern broadlyrepeated in Eastern palaces of later ages. And The first Known Use of Palace is in 14th century.                Figure 2: plan ofTuthmosis III’s Temple of Amun at Deir el-Bahari.( Hatshepsut)   Four-sidedplatform partially cut from the rock and partially constructed of loose stones,supported by a stone revetment.

Thetemple included a system of ramps and terraces, and included a large hypostylehall with 76 polygonal columns around the perimeter and 12 larger columnscloser to the midpoint. These features were monitored by a hall for Amun’sboat, and the internal sanctuary.   Figure 3: Tuthmosis III’s Temple of Amun at Deir el-Bahari.( Hatshepsut)                                                                                 Figure 4 : Amenhotep’s palace by Amenhotep III  1.3  Types And Categories Insome countries Presidential Palace use only for working, And in some countriesuse like a multifunction place like working & living. 1.3.1 Top 10 Presidential Palaces In The World:- 1.

White House, Washington D.C. (United States).2. Presidential Palace, Dushanbe (Tajikistan).3. Ak Orda Presidential Palace, Astana(Kazakhstan).

4. Presidential Palace, Abu Dhabi (UAE).5. Prague Castle, Prague (Czech Republic).

6. Grand Kremlin Palace, Moscow (Russia).7.

Oguzkhan Presidential Palace, Ashgabat(Turkmenistan).8. Unity Palace, Yaounde (Cameroon).9. Presidential Office Building, Taipei (Taiwan).

10.The Flagstaff House,Accra(Ghana). The largest place that built in the 100 years anywhere in the worldis “Cumhurba?kanl??? Saray?” (Presidential Complex ) which is situated in the”Be?tepe” neighborhood of Ankara, That’s opened on 29 October of 2014  It has 1150 rooms.                                                                                Figure 5 :Cumhurba?kanl??? Saray?1.4 Limitations And ObstaclesDesigning the interior of Presidential Palaces from the beginningof historical times till now is something diverse from other buildings designbecause it should reflect the meaning of something Royal and showing power.Choosing Materials, large and huge Scale, Big Area, Suitable Location, andLuxurious Design is some of the important points of designing the Interior ofThe Presidential Palace. The architects of ancient Babylon achieved greatersymmetry, using lobbies and repeated groupings of rooms.

 1.4 Significance Of The ProjectAs long as the President is the Commander of the Community andNation he needs a Suitable and Royal place for his essential career andfunction. 1.

5 The Reasons For The Selection Of Project ·       Providing a better workplace.·       Showing Kurdish Architecture. 1.6  Objectives And Aim Of The Project As aresult of the huge rapid development of Kurdistan during the past few yearsfrom the March of 1991 till now we need to Achieve and show more :- ·       Identity.·       Cultural goals.

·       Social goals.·       Economic goals.·       Political goals.·       Civilization goals.

  References https://www.britannica.com/technology/palacehttp://www.

theestle.net/2015/08/09/top-10-most-beautiful-presidential-palaces-in-the-world/3/http://bangs.tx.schoolwebpages.

com/education/components/links/links.php?sectiondetailid=2015&https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/26/ancient-greek-palace-unearthed-near-sparta-dates-back-to-17th-century-bc  http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/tuthmosis3vt.

htmhttps://discoveringegypt.com/ancient-egyptian-kings-queens/hatshepsut/http://www.ancient-egypt.co.uk/deir%20el%20bahri/index_2.htm CHAPTER 2 CASE STUDYAnalyzing Three Examples of Presidential Palace in differentcountries and continent and details about each one of them. 2.1.

1 White House The White House is the official residence and workstation of thePresident of the United States that has been built over more than 200 yearsago. It has East Wing, West Wing, North Face, South Face. Location USA Continent America Built Start Year 1792 Built End Year 1800 Area 0.16 km² Number of Rooms 132 rooms Height 70 ft.

Width 170 ft. (51 m) not counting the porticos. Depth 85 ft. (25.5 m) Number of Floors 6 floors Architectural Style Neoclassical, Palladian Architect James Hoban Materials Porous sand stone walls were whitewashed with a mixture of lime, rice glue, casein, and lead, giving the house its familiar color and name.

Stone Facade                          Figure 6 The white House  2.1.2The Design and Construction of White House Theofficial home for the U.

S. president was designed by Irish-born architect JamesHoban in the 1790s, who had won architectural design competition in 1979.Rebuiltafter a British attack in 1814. TheExecutive Residence is made up of six stories—the Ground Floor, State Floor,Second Floor, and Third Floor, as well as a two-story basement.Theinterior rooms were completely dismantled and a new internal load-bearing steelframe constructed inside the walls. Once this work was completed, theinterior rooms were rebuilt.

FurthermoreThe building has classical inspiration sources. Thewhite finish brought out the fine exterior ornamentation. Figure 7 : Interior of White House 2.1.

3Plans of White House                                                  Basement Plan TheWhite House Sub-Basements are not original to the structure. They were dug in1949, and staircases off the Center Hall on the east side were built in spaceformerly occupied by larger lavatories off the Library and Vermeil Room. Afreight elevator was added to under the Grand Stairs.

TheSub-Basements contain much of the mechanical supplies of the White House. Thereis a full sub-basement and a basement story (partial floor). Certain spaces,including the Air Conditioning Room, Water Softener Room, Program Control Room,and Electrical Switching Room, are two stories high.

Figure 8: Basement Plan                                                           Building Component The Main Building Component has twoWings:- East Wing, West Wing, And two Faces:-North Face, South Face. Diagram 1                                                           First Floor of East Wing The first floor of the East Wing contains the lobby, whichgreetings public visitors to the White House, the east Garden Room, the WhiteHouse Family Theater, and the visitors entrance to the ground floor of theWhite House. Figure 9 :  plan of First Floor of East Wing                                                  Second Floor of East Wing  The second floor of the East Wing houses support staff for theWhite House, including the offices of the first lady, the social secretary, theWhite House calligrapher, and other formal correspondence staff.

  Figure 10 : Second Floor of East Wing                                                The Ground Floor of West Wing Theground floor of the West Wing houses offices for the president’s staff andsecurity, as well as the cafeteria and the White House Situation Room, made upof the Watch Center, a Figure 11: The Ground Floor plan of West Wing                                                  The First Floor of West Wing The first floor of the West Wing includes the Oval Office andoffices of the president’s highest staff (and their secretaries) as well asmeeting rooms and White House Press Corps offices. It also contains facilitiesfor the press corps—offices and a briefing room. Space has nearly always beencramped, however, and the once-grand Lobby has been reduced to allow Figure 12 : The First Floor plan of West Wing                                                  The Second Floor of West Wing  The second floor of the West Wing houses offices for thepresident’s staff, including various assistants, speechwriters, and the WhiteHouse counsel (the president’s lawyer). Figure 13 : The Second Floor Plan of West Wing                                                           Ground Floor Theground floor of the White House Residence connects to the first floor of theWest Wing and the first floor of the East Wing because the Residence sitson  a small hill. This floor has 10rooms, 1 main corridor, 6 lavatories. Forits first century, this floor was thought of as the “basement.” Inthe nineteenth century, many servants, particularly those who had come with thefamily, were housed here.

Figure 14 :  Ground Floor plan of Main Building                                                             TheFirst Floor The first floorof the White House Residence is often called the “State Floor,”because this is where formal receptions of state are held. This floor is at thesame as the second floor of the West Wing and the East Wing because theResidence sits on higher ground. This floor has 8 rooms, 1 main corridor, 1entrance hall.

Figure 15 : The First Floor of main Building The ceilings are 18 feet high except for the Entrance Hall, whereit is 19 feet high, and the East Room, where it is over 20 feet high.                                          TheSecond Floor (The Family Residence) Thesecond floor of the White House Residence is the first family residence, wheretheir bedrooms and private sitting rooms are located, as well as some guestbedrooms. This floor has 16 rooms, 1 main corridor, 6 bathrooms, and 1lavatory. The first family has overnight guests at the Residence. Figure 16 : The Second Floor plan of main Building The ceilings are a little over 12 feet high, although above theEntrance Hall and East Room they are a little over 11 feet high. 2.1.4 Faces Several White House public rooms arenamed after their color scheme.

As the most well-known parlor in the home, Figure 17 : Axonometric of White House                                                              BlueRoom  The Blue Room is one of three state parlors on the first floor inthe White House, the residence of the President of the United States. It isdistinct for its oval shape. The room is used for receptions. Figure 18 : Blue Room                                                              GreenRoom The Green Room is one of three stateparlors on the first floor of the White House, the home of the President of theUnited States. It is used for small receptions and teas. Figure 19 : Green Room                                                                  East Room TheEast Room is an event and reception room in the White House, the home of thePresident of the United States.

The East Room is the largest room in theExecutive Mansion; it is used for dances, receptions, press conferences,ceremonies, concerts, and banquet. Figure 20 : East Room                                                         Red Room Theroom has  received it’s name because of all the redmaterials used to decorate it in the 1840’s. Over the years it has mainly beenused by the First Ladies to host guests and political company. served as aparlor and music room, and recent presidents have held small dinner parties init.

It has been traditionally decorated in shades of red. The room isapproximately 28 by 22.5 feet (8.5 by 6.9 m).

It has six doors. Figure 21 : Red Room                                                         StateDining Room TheState Dining Room is the larger of two dining rooms on the State Floor of theExecutive Residence of the White House, the home of the President of the UnitedStates in Washington, D.C. It is used for receptions, luncheons, larger formaldinners, and state dinners for visiting heads of state on state visits. Theroom seats 140 and measures approximately 48 by 36 feet (15 by 11 m). Figure 22 : State Dining Room                                               North Face (With Square Portico ) Figure 23 :  North Face                                                                                                                  South Face (Round Portico)      Figure 24 : South Face 2.2.

1 Abu Dhabi Palace TheAbu Dhabi Palace is utilized to house the offices of The President, The VicePresident. The Crown Prince and the Ministers. The facility will serve animportant role as the primary governmental facility for receiving visiting VIPs.  Location Abu Dhabi Continent Asia area 160000 square meters Completion Year 1981 Materials carrara marble, fibrous plaster, RC frame with PCC cladding Interior architectural design company Wilson     Figure 25 : Abu Dhabi Presidential Palace 2.

2.2 The Design and Constructionof Abu Dhabi Presidential Palace Theimprovement includes nearly 150 hectares and includes the Palace and therequired ancillary buildings. The Palace will exceed 160000 square meters ofbuilt area and contains several VIP wings, a Ministers wing, and several Majlisand Dining Halls. The Common Areas of the Palace utilizes an additional 5,614square meters and includes a Main Entrance Hall, Main Hall, Fountain Courtyard,Media Hall and a Press Center.

The ancillary buildings, which incorporate over23000 square meters, includes a public majlis, mosque, staff & militaryaccommodations, a services compound and various gatehouses and watchtowers.According to some experts in the field, this palace is the mostexpensive presidential palace in the world.  Figure 26 : Courtyard of Abu Dhabi Presidential Palace 2.2.3 Plans Of The Palace

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