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·     A presidential palace is the formal, royal ‘residence’ and
‘workplace’ of the Monarchs and high-ranking dignitary, in some nations they
use only as a Workplace  like here in
Kurdistan and in many counties uses both as a workplace and a residence like
the “White House” in USA. The world’s largest Presidential Palace is in Turkey
which is named as “Cumhurba?kanl??? Saray?” (Presidential Complex ).


title president is came from the Latin prae- “before” + sedere
“to sit.” As such, it initially designated the officer who presides
over or “sits before”.


A presidential
system is a democratic and republican scheme of government where a head of
government leads an administrative branch that is separate from the legislative
branch. This head of government is in most cases also the head, which is called
president. In the majority of presidential systems, the president is elected by
popular vote. A presidential system contrasts with a parliamentary system,
where the head of government is chosen to power through the legislative.


A Palace
is came from the Palatine Hill in Rome, where the Roman kings built their
residences.  Is a luxurious, deluxe,
royal residence, and sometimes a seat of government or religious center. As a
building a palace should be distinguished from a castle, that is a large
building or group of buildings fortified against attack with thick walls,
battlements, towers, and in many cases a moat.




Figure 1:
Abu Dhabi Presidential Palace

Historical Background

From the ancient times any tribes and groups had a manger that
affairs and directs them, for this reason they built their own special place to
gather and work till now day by day the construction of this place was
developed till it reached to a Palace.

The earliest recognized palaces are those built in Thebes by King
Thutmose III (reigned 1504–1450 BCE) Tuthmosis
III’s temple was devoted to Amun and nearby, a chapel was built to honor
Hathor, as well. Its ancient name was (Amun)-Djeser-akhet, meaning “Holy
of Horizon”. And by Amenhotep III (reigned 1417–1379 BCE) of Egypt.
Digs of Amenhotep’s palace reveal a rectangular outer wall enclosing a
labyrinth of small, dark rooms and courtyards, a pattern broadly
repeated in Eastern palaces of later ages. And 
The first Known Use of Palace is in 14th century. 



Figure 2: plan ofTuthmosis III’s Temple of Amun at Deir
el-Bahari.( Hatshepsut)



platform partially cut from the rock and partially constructed of loose stones,
supported by a stone revetment. The
temple included a system of ramps and terraces, and included a large hypostyle
hall with 76 polygonal columns around the perimeter and 12 larger columns
closer to the midpoint. These features were monitored by a hall for Amun’s
boat, and the internal sanctuary.


Figure 3:
Tuthmosis III’s Temple of Amun at Deir el-Bahari.( Hatshepsut)



Figure 4
: Amenhotep’s palace by Amenhotep III


1.3  Types And Categories


some countries Presidential Palace use only for working, And in some countries
use like a multifunction place like working & living.


1.3.1 Top 10 Presidential Palaces In The World:-


1. White House, Washington D.C. (United States).

2. Presidential Palace, Dushanbe (Tajikistan).

3. Ak Orda Presidential Palace, Astana

4. Presidential Palace, Abu Dhabi (UAE).

5. Prague Castle, Prague (Czech Republic).

6. Grand Kremlin Palace, Moscow (Russia).

7. Oguzkhan Presidential Palace, Ashgabat

8. Unity Palace, Yaounde (Cameroon).

9. Presidential Office Building, Taipei (Taiwan).

The Flagstaff House,Accra(Ghana).


The largest place that built in the 100 years anywhere in the world
is “Cumhurba?kanl??? Saray?” (Presidential Complex ) which is situated in the
“Be?tepe” neighborhood of Ankara, That’s opened on 29 October of 2014  It has 1150 rooms.



Figure 5 :
Cumhurba?kanl??? Saray?

1.4 Limitations And Obstacles

Designing the interior of Presidential Palaces from the beginning
of historical times till now is something diverse from other buildings design
because it should reflect the meaning of something Royal and showing power.
Choosing Materials, large and huge Scale, Big Area, Suitable Location, and
Luxurious Design is some of the important points of designing the Interior of
The Presidential Palace. The architects of ancient Babylon achieved greater
symmetry, using lobbies and repeated groupings of rooms.


Significance Of The Project

As long as the President is the Commander of the Community and
Nation he needs a Suitable and Royal place for his essential career and


The Reasons For The Selection Of Project


·       Providing a better workplace.

·       Showing Kurdish Architecture.


1.6  Objectives And Aim Of The Project


As a
result of the huge rapid development of Kurdistan during the past few years
from the March of 1991 till now we need to Achieve and show more :-


·       Identity.

·       Cultural goals.

·       Social goals.

·       Economic goals.

·       Political goals.

·       Civilization goals.







Analyzing Three Examples of Presidential Palace in different
countries and continent and details about each one of them.


2.1.1 White House

The White House is the official residence and workstation of the
President of the United States that has been built over more than 200 years
ago. It has East Wing, West Wing, North Face, South Face.





Built Start


Built End Year



0.16 km²

Number of

132 rooms


70 ft.


170 ft. (51
m) not counting the porticos.


85 ft. (25.5

Number of

6 floors




James Hoban


Porous sand
stone walls were whitewashed with a mixture of lime, rice glue, casein, and
lead, giving the house its familiar color and name. Stone Facade
























Figure 6
The white House


The Design and Construction of White House


official home for the U.S. president was designed by Irish-born architect James
Hoban in the 1790s, who had won architectural design competition in 1979.Rebuilt
after a British attack in 1814. The
Executive Residence is made up of six stories—the Ground Floor, State Floor,
Second Floor, and Third Floor, as well as a two-story basement.

interior rooms were completely dismantled and a new internal load-bearing steel
frame constructed inside the walls. Once this work was completed, the
interior rooms were rebuilt.

The building has classical inspiration sources. The
white finish brought out the fine exterior ornamentation.

Figure 7
: Interior of White House

Plans of White House


Basement Plan


White House Sub-Basements are not original to the structure. They were dug in
1949, and staircases off the Center Hall on the east side were built in space
formerly occupied by larger lavatories off the Library and Vermeil Room. A
freight elevator was added to under the Grand Stairs.

Sub-Basements contain much of the mechanical supplies of the White House. There
is a full sub-basement and a basement story (partial floor). Certain spaces,
including the Air Conditioning Room, Water Softener Room, Program Control Room,
and Electrical Switching Room, are two stories high.

Figure 8:
Basement Plan

         Building Component


The Main Building Component has two
Wings:- East Wing, West Wing, And two Faces:-North Face, South Face.

Diagram 1

                                                          First Floor of East Wing

The first floor of the East Wing contains the lobby, which
greetings public visitors to the White House, the east Garden Room, the White
House Family Theater, and the visitors entrance to the ground floor of the
White House.

Figure 9
:  plan of First Floor of East Wing

                                                 Second Floor of East Wing


The second floor of the East Wing houses support staff for the
White House, including the offices of the first lady, the social secretary, the
White House calligrapher, and other formal correspondence staff.


Figure 10
: Second Floor of East Wing

The Ground Floor of West Wing


ground floor of the West Wing houses offices for the president’s staff and
security, as well as the cafeteria and the White House Situation Room, made up
of the Watch Center, a

Figure 11:
The Ground Floor plan of West Wing

The First Floor of West Wing


The first floor of the West Wing includes the Oval Office and
offices of the president’s highest staff (and their secretaries) as well as
meeting rooms and White House Press Corps offices. It also contains facilities
for the press corps—offices and a briefing room. Space has nearly always been
cramped, however, and the once-grand Lobby has been reduced to allow

Figure 12
: The First Floor plan of West Wing

The Second Floor of West Wing


The second floor of the West Wing houses offices for the
president’s staff, including various assistants, speechwriters, and the White
House counsel (the president’s lawyer).

Figure 13
: The Second Floor Plan of West Wing

Ground Floor


ground floor of the White House Residence connects to the first floor of the
West Wing and the first floor of the East Wing because the Residence sits
on  a small hill. This floor has 10
rooms, 1 main corridor, 6 lavatories.

its first century, this floor was thought of as the “basement.” In
the nineteenth century, many servants, particularly those who had come with the
family, were housed here.

Figure 14
:  Ground Floor plan of Main Building

First Floor


The first floor
of the White House Residence is often called the “State Floor,”
because this is where formal receptions of state are held. This floor is at the
same as the second floor of the West Wing and the East Wing because the
Residence sits on higher ground. This floor has 8 rooms, 1 main corridor, 1
entrance hall.

Figure 15
: The First Floor of main Building

The ceilings are 18 feet high except for the Entrance Hall, where
it is 19 feet high, and the East Room, where it is over 20 feet high.

Second Floor (The Family Residence)


second floor of the White House Residence is the first family residence, where
their bedrooms and private sitting rooms are located, as well as some guest
bedrooms. This floor has 16 rooms, 1 main corridor, 6 bathrooms, and 1
lavatory. The first family has overnight guests at the Residence.

Figure 16
: The Second Floor plan of main Building

The ceilings are a little over 12 feet high, although above the
Entrance Hall and East Room they are a little over 11 feet high.

 2.1.4 Faces


Several White House public rooms are
named after their color scheme. As the most well-known parlor in the home,

Figure 17
: Axonometric of White House



The Blue Room is one of three state parlors on the first floor in
the White House, the residence of the President of the United States. It is
distinct for its oval shape. The room is used for receptions.

Figure 18
: Blue Room



The Green Room is one of three state
parlors on the first floor of the White House, the home of the President of the
United States. It is used for small receptions and teas.

Figure 19
: Green Room

East Room


East Room is an event and reception room in the White House, the home of the
President of the United States. The East Room is the largest room in the
Executive Mansion; it is used for dances, receptions, press conferences,
ceremonies, concerts, and banquet.

Figure 20
: East Room

                                                        Red Room


room has  received it’s name because of all the red
materials used to decorate it in the 1840’s. Over the years it has mainly been
used by the First Ladies to host guests and political company. served as a
parlor and music room, and recent presidents have held small dinner parties in
it. It has been traditionally decorated in shades of red. The room is
approximately 28 by 22.5 feet (8.5 by 6.9 m). It has six doors.

Figure 21
: Red Room

Dining Room


State Dining Room is the larger of two dining rooms on the State Floor of the
Executive Residence of the White House, the home of the President of the United
States in Washington, D.C. It is used for receptions, luncheons, larger formal
dinners, and state dinners for visiting heads of state on state visits. The
room seats 140 and measures approximately 48 by 36 feet (15 by 11 m).

Figure 22
: State Dining Room

                                              North Face (With Square Portico )

Figure 23
:  North Face


                                                        South Face (Round Portico)


   Figure 24
: South Face

2.2.1 Abu Dhabi Palace


Abu Dhabi Palace is utilized to house the offices of The President, The Vice
President. The Crown Prince and the Ministers. The facility will serve an
important role as the primary governmental facility for receiving visiting VIPs.



Abu Dhabi




160000 square meters

Completion Year



carrara marble, fibrous plaster, RC frame with PCC cladding

Interior architectural design

company Wilson



Figure 25
: Abu Dhabi Presidential Palace

2.2.2 The Design and Construction
of Abu Dhabi Presidential Palace


improvement includes nearly 150 hectares and includes the Palace and the
required ancillary buildings. The Palace will exceed 160000 square meters of
built area and contains several VIP wings, a Ministers wing, and several Majlis
and Dining Halls. The Common Areas of the Palace utilizes an additional 5,614
square meters and includes a Main Entrance Hall, Main Hall, Fountain Courtyard,
Media Hall and a Press Center. The ancillary buildings, which incorporate over
23000 square meters, includes a public majlis, mosque, staff & military
accommodations, a services compound and various gatehouses and watchtowers.
According to some experts in the field, this palace is the most
expensive presidential palace in the world.


Figure 26
: Courtyard of Abu Dhabi Presidential Palace

2.2.3 Plans Of The Palace

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