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Cases brought to the Supreme Court often set precedents, or examples for other cases. These precedents influence how the Supreme Court will rule on other similar cases. Although precedents can be overturned, they still have an extensive impact on society. When dealing with the rights of the accused, the court cases,  Miranda V. Arizona, New Jersey V. TLO, and Gideon V. Wainwright have influenced society the most. One of the most well known cases, Miranda V. Arizona, occured in 1966 between Ernesto Miranda and the state of Arizona. Miranda, a Mexican immigrant, was originally accused with kidnapping and rape charges from a woman who had identified him in a police lineup.  During his interrogation, he confessed to the charges. At the state level, Miranda ended up being charged with rape and had to serve 20-30 years. His lawyer, however, appealed that Miranda was not aware of his rights because the policeman had failed to read them, and therefore it violated the 5th amendment. The State Supreme Court had agreed with the conviction given. The Supreme Court, however believed that it did violate his 5th amendment rights and overturned the sentence. This case was so important because it made it necessary that everyone know their rights when arrested. These rights are now called “Miranda Rights” in honor of this case. The precedent that this case provided has prevented self incrimination, and gave the accused a more fair chance of defending themselves. The case of New Jersey V. TLO was another groundbreaking case that occured in 1985. TLO was a high school student who was caught smoking at school. After denying that she was smoking, the school officials searched her purse and found drugs. She claimed that they violated her 4th amendment rights because the search was “unreasonable”. In juvenile court, they sided with the school, however the New Jersey Supreme Court said that the search was in fact unreasonable. After appealing all the way to the Supreme Court, they decided that the search was actually considered to be “reasonable” and did not violate her 4th amendment rights because she was in school and school officials were in charge of her, therefore giving them the right to search her. This decision was so important because it set precedents that limited students rights and privacy while in school. Finally in 1963 another revolutionary case took place, Gideon V. Wainwright. Clarence Gideon was a man from Florida with very little education. He was charged with breaking and entering in 1961, which was a felony, meaning he had to be tried in court. He represented himself in court because he was so poor, after being denied a lawyer. Florida law said that he was not required to receive a free lawyer because he was not being charged with a capital crime. Unfortunately he lost and was sentenced to 5 years. Gideon then wrote a handwritten letter to the Supreme Court explaining how he was denied a right to a lawyer in court. The Supreme Court upheld the 6th amendment and overruled the sentence. This case is so important because it not only protects our 6th amendment, right to counsel, it upholds the due process clause of the 14th amendment and guarantees the accused the rights they deserve. From now on since this precedent was set, everyone is given their fair right to a lawyer. These 3 court cases, are some of the most well known because of how big of an impact they have made on society. When dealing with the rights of the accused, it is important to know what rights people have when being convicted of a crime so they can have the most fair chance in court. These court cases touch on the 4th, 5th, and 6th amendment, clearing up what all of these rights really do entail.

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