by the emperor himself.Qazwini’s work also includes a detailed description of Shah Jahan’s years ofprince hood. Later Abdul Hamid Lahori, a historian taught in the Abul FazlSchool of penmanship and historiography, a talented historian and a gracefulauthor, was appointed as a court historian. The typical text of Lahori’sBadshahnama is alienated into three volumes the third was finished by his pupilMuhammad Waris. Each volume describes a decade of his rule. Each decade was tobe take care of as separate volume, because ten was believed favorable by theEmperor who was also the tenth Timurid leader.An abridgement of the threevolumes of Lahori’s official history was organized by Muhammad Tahir Ashnatitled Inayat Khan, the imperial librarian of Shahjahan.
There is yet one more ShahjahanNama written by Muhammad Sadiq Khan. Another important historical work acomprehensive Shahjahan Nama also known as Amal-i-Saleh recitation theimpressive reign of the emperor Shahjahan is in black and white by MuhammadSaleh Kambo. There’s in addition three unfinished histories all specially madeby the emperor. The first was written by the court poet writer Hajji MuhammadJan Mashhadi Qudsi. The additional two versified accounts of the reign, bothcalled Padshahnama were written by Abu Talib Kalim Kashani who was commendedwith the task of the versification of Padshahnama and for the purpose he wassent to the peaceful and serene valley of Kashmir. Author:Muhammad Tahir, who obtainedthe title of ‘Inayat Khan, and was poetically first name ‘Ashna, he was son ofZafar Khan and grandson of Khwaja Abu Hassan.
Zafar Khan, the writer’s father,was a wazir of Jahangir. In the time in power of Shah Jahan, he was one timeruler of Kabul, and later of Kashmir, during’ which later government heeffected the occupation of Tibet recorded in the book. At a later era he was selectedin the administration of Thatta.
“He was celebrated as a poet, as a patron of letters,and as a just and moderate ruler.” 1Inayat Khan’s maternalgrandfather, Saif Khan, was governor of Agra, and when Prince Shuja was appointedruler of Bengal, Saif Khan was sent thither to perform the administration untilthe coming of the prince. The author was born in the time in which Shah Jahancame to the throne.
In the seventh year of his age he accepted, as he informsus, ‘a suitable mansab’. He was sentto unite with his father in Kashmir while he was governor there. He was later employedin the Imperial Library.
He innate his father’s abilities and fine qualities.He was one of the close friends of Shah Jahan. Latterly he retired from andsettled in Kashmir, where he died in A.
H. 1077 (A.D. 1666).
In addition to thehistory of Shah Jahan’s reign, he was writer of a Diwan as well as threeMalawi. His famous work is known to be Shah Jahan Nama. The sources of thefirst part of this Shah Jahan Nama are clearly acknowledged by the author. Thefirst twenty years are in entire agreement with the Badshahnama but are onpaper in a more simple style. The history comes down to 1068 A.H, the year inwhich Aurangzeb was stated Emperor, but of this occurrence he takes no notice.The author does not notify us whether he used any other work after the Badshahnamaas the base of his own, or whether the history of the final ten years is hisown autonomous work.1 InayatKhan, An Abridged history of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, compiled by hisRoyal librarian, Ed.
And completed by W. E. Begley, and Z. A. Desai, (Delhi:Oxford University Press, 1990)