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Bernardo, Nicole Anne T.                                                                                          Mrs.


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A poem elicits the
critical and creative thinking of the readers. The poem, A man falls to his
death by Cirilo Bautista, can be interpreted as a suicide or as a murder. Both have
different meaning however; their similarity is connected to the concept of
death. After analyzing and understanding the text, I concluded that, the
character of the poem committed suicide. 

In his poem, Cirilo
Bautista writes: “He was, a day ago, threatened/
With dismissal for displeasing a superior”
(22-23). The character, being lower in rank, got anxious; which eventually led
to the thought of committing suicide. In connection to the biography of
Bautista and the political context of the poem, Bautista worked for Ferdinand
Marcos and was familiar that the Marcos’ administration marked a bloody
and controversial period in the Philippine history. Why? Because he used his
power to control innocent lives of many Filipinos which can be the reason why
arts and literature thrived at that time. Filipinos exposed the immorality of
government officials, fought for freedom, and flourished their nationalism by arts
and literature.

Up until
today, we still have many immoral officials in our country. Even our president
is given that title since he started implementing Extra Judicial Killings in
the Philippines. There were recent arguments that have called R. Duterte’s
administration as the same as F. Marcos’ administration; a bloody and
controversial government. In connection to the poem, when someone abuses
his/her power or authority, people around him/her would have a taste of hell. Filipinos
may not commit suicide, but by the mere fact that a displeasing administration
is running right now, it feels like we are already dead.

quotation from the poem, Cirilo Bautista writes: “a
shadow traced the lines on his foot, while shoot/his brain with firelights the
money did” (7-8). The word “shadow”, is a metaphor for the character’s mental
health (anxiety or depression). It explains that his mental health embraced his
whole being, leading to a suicidal ideation. The word “firelights”, also is a
metaphor for what triggered or sparked him to commit suicide was the threat of
the his superior.

            In addition, I concluded that Bautista wrote this poem to
raise awareness on mental health because in Japan, where he was exposed as a
professor, mortality rate of persons committing suicide is high. This poem can show
a light on the mental health of Filipinos. Through the concept of math, Bautista
tried to convey a message that in reality, when we encounter mentally ill
people, we try to understand them but we tend to invalidate their feelings and
give up on them. It’s the same on what happened when I read the poem, I had a
hard time understanding the poem and eventually gave up.

            In relation to the journal article, both article and poem
don’t have a clear ending. However, in the poem, it is up to the readers to
interpret the ending while in the article, the ending must be based on facts. Moreover,
the poem drives an emotional and figurative track while the article is straight
to the factual point.  

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