Bella Martinez Page 11/8/17Block DA.P English 3 To Kill A Mockingbird To Kill A Mockingbird talks about a lot of issues dealing with racism , assault, and much more at that time. Atticus is a father and lawyer who deals with a case of a man accused of assaulting a woman. Atticus represents him and receives a lot of hatred due to this. That does not stop him though and he preservers till he wins the case. His 2 children scout and Jem tell the classic story of To Kill A Mockingbird. A background about the author is Harper Lee was an American novelist widely known for the novel of To Kill A Mockingbird, published in 1960. She was born on April 28, 1926 in Monroeville, AL. She died on February 19, 2016 Monroeville, AL. She went to Monroe county high school and the University of Oxford. Her parents were Amasa Lee and Frances finch just like a character in her novels name (Atticus Finch). A quote by her is ” you never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view”(Lee). Her father was a southern lawyer just like the main character Atticus is as well and a tomboy like Scout Harper was. She originally titled the novel Atticus, but then decided the other would reflect not just characters but the culture as well. Soon after, she Page 2helped a friend, Truman Capote, write an article for The New Yorker which would later evolve into his nonfiction masterpiece. In July 2015, Lee published her second novel Go Set a Watchman, which was written before To Kill a Mockingbird and is the lives of the characters from her prize novel. Soon, Lee was in her own literary success story. In July 1960, To Kill a Mockingbird was published and picked up by the Book-of-the-Month Club and the Literary Guild. A version of the story appeared in Reader’s Digest magazine. The work’s central character, a young girl nicknamed Scout, was not unlike Lee in her youth. In one of the book’s major plotlines, Scout and her brother Jem and their friend Dill explore their fascination with a mysterious and somewhat infamous neighborhood character named Boo Radley.The work was more than a coming-of-age story: another part of the novel reflected racial prejudices in the South. Their attorney father, Atticus Finch, tries to help a black man who was charged with raping a white woman to get a fair trial and to prevent him from being lynched by angry whites in a small town.In May 2013, Lee filed a lawsuit in federal court against literary agent Samuel Pinkus. Lee charged that, in 2007, Pinkus “engaged in a scheme to dupe” her out of the copyright to To Kill a Mockingbird, later diverting royalties from the work. In September 2013, a settlement was reached in the lawsuit.That same year, Lee allowed her famous work to be released as an ebook. She signed a deal with HarperCollins for the company to release To Kill a Mockingbird as an ebook and Page 3 digital audio editions. Harper Lee died on February 19, 2016, at the age of 89.To Kill A Mockingbird was about Scout Finch the narrator of the story lives with her brother, Jem, and their widowed father, Atticus, in Alabama, Maycomb. Maycomb is going through the Great Depression, but Atticus is a lawyer and the family is rich in comparison to the rest of society. One summer, Jem and Scout become friends with a boy named Dill, who lives in their neighborhood for the summer, and they act out stories together. Eventually, Dill becomes fascinated with the spooky house on their street called the Radley Place. The house is owned by Mr. Nathan Radley, whose brother, Arthur, nicknamed Boo, has lived there for years without going outside. Scout goes to school for the first time that fall and doesn’t like it. She and Jem find gifts left for them in a knothole of a tree on the Radley property. Dill returns the following summer, and he, Scout, and Jem begin to act out the story of Boo Radley. Atticus tries to stop their games asking his children to try to see life from another person’s perspective before making judgments. But, on Dill’s last night in town for the summer, the three sneak onto the Radley property, where Nathan Radley shoots at them. Jem loses his pants in the attempted escape. When he returns for them, he finds them ruined and hung over the fence. The next winter, Jem.and Scout find more presents in the tree, presumably left by Boo Radley . Nathan Radley eventually puts the knothole with cement. Shortly thereafter, a fire breaks out in another neighbor’s house, and during the fire someone slips a blanket on Page 4Scout’s shoulders as she watches the fire . Convinced that Boo did it, Jem tells Atticus about ruined pants and the presents.To the issue of Maycomb’s racist white community, Atticus agrees to defend a black man named Tom Robinson, who has been accused of assaulting a woman. Because of Atticus’s decision, Jem and Scout are being bullied by other children, even when they celebrate Christmas at the family home . Calpurnia, the family’s cook, takes them to the local church, where the community largely admires the children. A quote to prove this is “Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ’em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird” ( Lee 10).The theme of To Kill a Mockingbird is the book’s moral topic of human beings which is, whether people are essentially good or essentially evil. The book novel takes this topic by dramatizing Scout and Jem’s transition from a perspective of childhood innocence, in which they assume that people are good because they have never seen evil, to a more adult perspective, in which they have confronted evil and must create it into their understanding of the world. As a result of the transition from innocence to experience, one of the book’s important themes is that hatred, and ignorance are against the innocent: people such as Tom Robinson and Boo Radley are not ready for the evil that they see and they become destroyed. Jem is victimized by his discovery of the evil of racism during and after the trial.Scout is able to maintain her basic faith in human nature despite Tom’s conviction, Jem’s faith in justice and in humanity is badly damaged, and he Page 5retreats into a state of depression. The main character of To Kill a Mockingbird is Atticus Finch, who is unique in the novel that he has experienced and understood evil without losing his faith in the human aspect for goodness. Atticus understands that, rather than being simply people of good or people of evil, most people have both good and bad qualities. The important thing is to appreciate the good in people and understand the bad in people by treating others the way people would like to be treated and trying to see life from their point of view. Atticus tries to teach this moral lesson to Jem and Scout to show them that it is possible to live with conscience without losing hope or becoming rude . In this way, Atticus is able to admire Mrs. Dubose’s courage even while disliking her racism. Scout’s progress as a character in the novel is defined by her development toward understanding Atticus’s lessons, in the final chapters, Scout sees Boo Radley as a human. Her ability to view the world from his perspective shows that she will not become dull as she loses her innocence. An example is ” You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view” (Lee 20). While Atticus is a dynamic character, he faces a change in attitude in Chapter 29 of To Kill a Mockingbird when Heck Tate convinces him of the justified reasoning that “Bob Ewell fell on his knife.” For, in his discussion with the sheriff, Atticus comes to realize that there is more potential for evil in human behavior than he has there to be aware of. Atticus shows little change throughout the entire novel. In fact, it is his belief in the equality of all men that got him into Page 6the middle of racism that exists in Maycomb. He does come to view his children in a different light, and his eyes are opened to his neighbors as never before, but other than that, he does not undergo as dramatic a change as, Jem or Scout do .Atticus represents morality and reason in To Kill a Mockingbird. As a character, Atticus is a character who never gives up and perseveres . He is one of the very few characters who never has to rethink his position on an issue. His parenting style is unique in that he treats his children as adults, answering any question they have. He uses all these circumstances as an opportunity to pass his values on to Scout and Jem. Scout says that “‘Do you really think so?’ . . . was Atticus’ dangerous question”because he delighted in helping people see a situation in a new light. Atticus uses this not only with his children, but with all of the community.Atticus shows that he is fair, compassionate, and courageous throughout the novel. He teaches that people should not think anything less of other people just because of the color of their skin. He began to create a path toward equality—a path which would not have been expected back in the time of the Great Depression. Even though Atticus knew he was not going to win the case, he still defended Tom Robinson, which showed how good of a person he really was. If he did not make an impression on every person in Maycomb through his actions, he certainly taught his children what it means to love and respect people of all races. He showed that it does not matter what is on the outside; on the inside is what counts. To Kill A Mockingbird is ultimately aboutAnnotated Bibliography Subjects: RACISM — United States — History; TO Kill a Mockingbird (Book : Lee); KING, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968this book discusses the racism involved with to kill a mockingbird and how they stopped it and made a difference.Subjects: English language — Dialects — Southern States; Voice in literature; Social classes in literature; Racism in literature; Lee, Harper, 1926- — Work — To kill a mockingbirdthis book discusses the dialect and tone and accent used in to kill a mockingbird and Harper Lee’s vision. JournalBy: Macaluso, Michael. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, Nov2017, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p279-287; 9pAbstract: This article urges educators to responsibly teach, discuss, and read against To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee for fear that it may otherwise perpetuate subtle racist ideologies in generations of students who continue to read it in schools. One way to do this is through a comparative lens of old and new racismAbstract: A literary criticism is presented of “To Kill a Mockingbird,” by Harper Lee.