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Bangladesh
is a stable democratic Muslim state that made by economic and human
development. In Bangladesh democracy has been recreated in 1990 and it has been
free and fair for general people in 1991, 1996 and 2001. Islamist militant
attacks have been increasing day by day. They targeted opposition politicians,
scholars, journalists, members of the judiciary, religious minorities, and
members of the Islamic Ahmadiyya sect.

Recently
our civil society of Bangladesh are wide crisis in governance politicization. Decline
judicial independence, rule of law and respect for human rights are not see
today. Recently, Prime Minister Khaleda Zia’s at BNP party supported two
Islamist parties but they left without the existence of Islamist militancy in
Bangladesh and also said that “hostile propaganda,” designed to damage the
country’s reputation. In august 2005, Bangladesh has a terrorist attacked by
suicide bombing. On behalf of this, Indian observers and politicians are afraid
about the activities of Bangladesh Islamists and they blamed that
“Bangladesh is helping Pakistan to target India.” In 2007, there was
a free and fair election. The government’s was strong dedication to respond
decisively to Islamist terrorism and also the deterioration in the rule of law
and respect for human rights. Because of Bangladesh’s regional importance and the
implications of internal security developments, the United States has limited
policy options to promote its regional goals and ensure democratic elections.

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In
Bangladesh on November 29, 2005, eight people and two police officers were
killed in Suicide bombings in the towns of Chittagong and Gazipur. In the
Gazipur incident, the suicide bomber was wear as a lawyer’s dress.it is widely
believed, were the work of the recently banned Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen (JUM), a pro-Taliban,
Wahhabi-oriented organization. In the past several years Bangladesh have been
taken place in the attacks on the judiciary were the apogee of a series of
lethal assaults. Islamist organizations that have been operating with impunity.
For example, In the February 2005, Islamist militants are responsible for the
murder of S.A.M.S. Kibria and also responsible August 2004 for the life
attacked of Sheikh Hasina Wajed. The ruling party BNP of the Prime Minister
Khaleda Zia backed by two Islamist parties, the Jamaat-iIslami and the Islamic
Oikye Jote has powerfully denied that Islamist militancy in Bangladesh is on
the rise. It has dismissed these charges as “hostile propaganda,” designed to
besmirch Bangladesh’s reputation as a moderate Islamic state. The weak
governance and lack of political order in Bangladesh, the increase in Islamist
militancy could easily turn it. On the regional level, the emergence of such
groups could worsen already strained relations with India. They also could
adversely affect U.S. security interests if Islamist insurgents from Southeast
Asia and the Middle East come to see Bangladesh as a possible haven, especially
as they face U.S. pressure in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

India,
Pakistan, and Bangladesh share an associate wild history. India and Pakistan
developed from the British Empire as independent states in 1947. In 1971, East
Pakistan divided in two ways. There are Bangladesh and Pakistan. India started
its independent history as a secular, democratic state, constitutionally
committed to the principles of civic nationalism. Pakistan, on the other hand,
was created as a homeland for the Muslims of South Asia.

 

During in 1971, elements of East Pakistan’s society
were 0rthodoxi Islam religious and the members were Jamaat-i-Islami, they
wanted to rule the whole east and West Pakistan. In this time, Sheikh Mujibur
Rahman, the founder of Bangladesh, had a pro-Indian
bent and sought to forge a secular, democratic republic. In 1975,
After the Sheikh Mujibur’s died then in November the chief staff of Bangladesh
Army general Ziaur Rahman were rule the Bangladesh and he first opened the door
to radical Islamists. Few years ago a number of militant Islamic groups have
founded in Bangladesh. Some are affiliated with particular political parties.
As a result they grow the general transformation of Bangladesh’s political and
social environment. In their quest for legitimacy, two military rulers had
wrapped themselves in the
mantle of Islam. In the process they created conditions for the emergence
of various radical
groups. Specially they allowed people of the conservative Muslim family and to
express their views more freely and granted them opportunities to preach
against religious
minorities and insist on particular interpretations of Islamic theology. In
effect, they not
only altered the politics but also destroy the politics and created a new
Islamic politics culture. The emerging political culture supplanted previous
notions of
cultural pluralism and tolerance. Attacks against Hindus, the principal
minority population, increased, and the state proved unwilling to stop the
perpetrators. Growing lawlessness, widespread corruption, and economic
mismanagement were the cause of the military had overthrown Sheikh Mujibur
Rahman. In 1990, the military’s return to the barracks and the restoration of
democracy. In this time they growing and created a strong origin largely. In
Bangladesh on this time there have two major political party, The Awami League
and Bangladesh Nationality Party. The reliance of the BNP on the Jamaat for
support enables the latter to wield political influence well
beyond its parliamentary strength and jamaat become powerful. In 2005,
bomb blasts that rocked Bangladesh, the authorities arrested seven members of
the Jama’atul Mujahideen.
All the student member of jamaat called ‘Islami Chhara Shibir’.Currently several militant Islamist groups exist in
Bangladesh. They are the Jam’atul Mujahideen
Bangladesh (JMB), the Jagrata
Muslim Janata Bangladesh (JMJB), the Harkatul-Jihad-Islami (HuJI), the Islami Chhatra Shibir, and the Hizb-ut-Tahrir. The JMB formed in Jamalpur district in 1998. Its
proper news are unclear. Some reports in the Bangladeshi press contend that it is
the youth wing of the outlawed militant organization, the Harqat-ul-Jihad. It first came to the
attention of the press, political authorities, and the public in May 2002, when
eight members were arrested while allegedly in possession of incendiary bombs.
In February 2005, faced with growing pressures from international donors, the
government of Bangladesh banned the organization.

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