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Background of the study

Education is the passport to the future. As we get older, knowledge is being constructed but it can never be replaced by anyone. The literacy of a person is imperative in anyone can acquire. We prevail in the Institute for us to gain more learning and shape our ability and skills. A student is subjected to finish his/her studies, especially with flying colors. There are plenty of reasons why a student must finish his/her studies for there are so many places to go, food to eat and people to help. However, everybody has different perspectives on what a person could be in the future someday. Choosing the legitimate career is one of the decisive things that a student must decide and serve as his path in taking his step towards his career. This could be equipped to determine the success of his life in the next stages. Through choosing a career anybody his desired job and portray his excellence in his skills that suits his capability. On the other hand, Philippines involve in miscellaneous crisis and one forth social issue is poverty and its people are confronted and aware of it thus it needs passionate and determined workers in affecting an industry.

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In January 2013, the Philippines has 7.1% deflation rate, the highest in the countries from the Southeast Asian nations and from which are college graduates. (Pascual, 2014) Majority of the institutions of higher education wasn’t being liable to produce progress that is needed to anticipate in the demand of the present economy. Since the graduates don’t possess the essence prescribed by the industry due to the lack of a proper guidance that must be attained to choose the appropriate courses in college to suites the person who actively learning’s ability. A misfit graduate is one concerning the reasons why our country has a tremendous unemployment rate. This could be the wrong choice of course taken by the college students tend to improper guidance in choosing the right course.

The authority of institution used to find ways to lessen this problem towards our society; to implement a K-12 program of the academic system, specifically in the Department of Education need to gain the accretion of graduates before they reach the college level. Secondary School is two yearn for specialized upper secondary education (Official Gaze, 2012) SHS is a preparation for a college level to explore and plan for their postsecondary career options whereas there are some factors that can affect and change the views of your perception in setting goals. Students may choose their specialization based on their skills and intellect capacity this would benefit the students to ensure and get into the right career served as a stepping stone to establishing on their chosen pilgrimage. Moreover, it indicates that one of the objectives of the Department of Education to promote the people who actively learning in educational success as a consequence qualify the adequacy competence that needed to the workforce of companies and institutions.

This research aims to determine the aspects that affect the career preferences regarding the select students in Valencia National High School.


Statement of the problem

This study is to identify the factors in affecting Senior High School Student’s in choosing the right courses for their preparation in college, these certain general questions need to be addressed:

1. What factors influenced the students when they made the decision to pursue a particular career goal?

2. Is the K-12 curriculum would help the students to make a decision for preparing college course?


Theoretical Framework

2.1 G-12 Decision makings

Making career choice is a persistent process that you have to explore and understand the world of endeavour. Career decision-making begins with an awareness of the world around you and the ability to understand what is personally important. (Georgia, 2013) You want to choose an occupation that fits your unique qualities — your abilities, talents, needs, values, and interests — and the lifestyle you want to live. (Career Key Discover, 1987) Otherwise, ask for help and advice from other people (Careersnz, 2018) and parents handle as a major influence on their children’s career improvement and career decision- making. (Keller, 2004)


2.2 Career choice factors

There are a lot of affecting factors in choosing preferred careers. According to Olamide & Olawaiye (2013), it follows that how the student discerns their environment, personality and opportunity will also determine the career choices students make. The first factor in career choice, the environment, may influence the career students to choose. The youth are largely influenced by this environmental issues, so if not guided may be propelled to make wrong choices. (Tope, 2010) Moreover, a family is a place in which children learn to interpret realities (Wary & Passman, 1996) may influence student views on whether or not to continue their education. How students have seen themselves in a role in which personality is a determining factor may influence a chosen career. Splaver (1977) said “personality” plays a decisive role in the choosing of the right career. If you trying to decide what career to pursue, then you should find out what your personality type is.(Mckay, 2017) Opportunity is the third factor that has shaped career choices for students. Opportunity may influence how students have perceived their future in terms of the reasonable probability of a future in particular career fields. (Thout, 1969)


Conceptual Framework

There are some different factors that are either it could be directly or indirectly affects the career preferences of Senior High School students. The focus of this study was taken by the following conceptual frameworks which have this three-part process: the Inputs, Process, and Outputs.

Input – This includes the socio-demographic profiles of the select students, their wanted field of study to specialized, and their career preference and factors that affect their career preferences.

Process – This includes in determining their career preferences and the leading factors that affect their career preferences. We may conduct a survey of the select Grade 12 students.

Output – This study would identify the career preference of the select Grade 12 Senior High School (SHS) students of Valencia National High School (VNHS) for certain institutions or Universities that would like to design and implement Senior High school program.













Scope and Delimitations

This study aims to identify the aspects of choosing career in SHS students of Valencia National High School will be covered as part of our respondents. The researchers give some frequent questions that need to be determined. In other words, it focuses the data for preferred choice of students.


Limitations of the Study

Even though the study conducted has shown its purpose, it shows few unavoidable limitations encountered. First, the limited time, the study was conducted during class hours and the given respondents classes are still on going. Second, this research was conducted in Valencia National High School only on G-12 senior high school students. Third, respondents might be stacked with task and requirement so the study might get delayed or even fail. In general, this study will only involve the students who are in G-12 that will finish this year.


Significance of the study

This prompted the research to determine the factors that affect the choice of career of Senior High School in the Valencia National High School. Proper guidance should be considered to help ensure in able to get into the right career. This may also help the students identify the reasons why the government implemented the K-12 program in the educational system. The results of the study served as the basis for the construction of a career program for Senior High School students.


Definitions of terms

To give your thoughts and minds clarity the terms are described theoretically in this study.

Career choice – The opportunities that exist for lifelong vocations, the vocations are set out moving towards the desired goals. Fields of vocational, academic, and sociological endeavours are explored for the purpose of satisfying personal, economic, and intellectual goals.

Opportunity – Those choices in one’s life which are exposed either in an obvious manner. These choices or paths give the individual a selection between two or more outcomes.

Literacy- refers to the ability to write and read the knowledge that relates to a specified subject.

Motivation – Forces acting on or within a person causing an initiation of behaviour (Britannica, 2002).

Accretion- refers to something that has grown or assembles slowly, a product or result of gradual growth.


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