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Ashley SanchezProfessor McGeePSY2012-ONLINEImagine waking up everyday and not having the ability to control your mood swings or emotions.

Aperson who suffers a disorder doesn’t have the option to turn on or off theirfeelings and emotions. Like many other disorders, Depression is a seriousmental illness which could affect a person’s mood, thoughts, and behavior. There’sa lack of knowledge in society about mental disorders and many are not aware ofthe symptoms or causes of these mental disorders.  I chose to write about major depressivedisorder to help provide common facts, symptoms, and to inform how obtain and seektreatment for this mental disorder.             Thislifelong health condition is the leading cause of disability worldwide. Thereare many types of depressive disorder, and all have similar symptoms that canaffect individuals differently.

This common mental disorder can affect peoplein all countries, all ages, religions, and cultures. In the past, people wouldthink of depression as a person having off balance hormones or simply justbeing sad. Anxiety and Depression Association of America recorded that major depressivedisorder is currently affecting 16.1 million American adults. (ADAA, 1979).

Most people are notaware they have a mental disorder, some do not know what is depression, notmany are aware of the seriousness of a mental disorder and misunderstanding thecondition can be harmful. Ole Theinhaus, MDprofessor of psychiatry at the University of Arizona in Tucson states that “geneticpredisposition to depression is becoming better understood and might explainwhy one person becomes depressed and another doesn’t, A family history ofdepression matters, but it’s not always the only factor.” (Thienhaus, 1995). According to the American Journal ofPsychiatry images of studies of the brain can possibly show some of thestructures and brain circuits that work differently when a person is depressed.(Phillips, 2015). Like many disorders not many cancontrol or understand what is happening to their mind or body. Although depressionis a normal reaction to a loss of a family member or friend, life’s stress,struggle and even lack of self-esteem but when those feelings becomeoverwhelming they can hold you back from living a normal life and become lifethreating. Major depressive disorderalso known as depression is the most common mental disorder.

 People who suffer a mood disorder develop acluster of symptoms that might contribute to deep depression. These symptomsconsist of constantly feeling sad or loss of interest in activities. Depressionis a very irritable feeling and for people who suffer a mental disorder may notknow how to handle or control the changes within their body. The feeling takesover the body and mind which can become an issue because some feel they need todistance themselves from family and friends. A child who grows up in an abusivesituation will more than likely suffer depression and won’t understand what ishappening until later, in adult life.

A teenager who might experience a tragicsituation might form depression and will begin to act out, sometimes violentlytowards others and may become anti-social. Many adults and young adults might evenexperience symptoms that lead to issues concentrating, remembering details or information,making decisions become complicated and the feeling of guilt, and worthlessnesscan take over your thoughts. Some individuals might even experience loss ofinterest in hobbies, social gatherings and including sex. There are times depressionnot only affects the mind, but it can also affect the human body.

Thesesymptoms include overeating; when a person is feeling sad or down binge eatinghelps with coping, while others will have no appetite or interest to eating, somemight suffer severe headaches or migraines, others may suffer issues with thestomach, develop shortness in breathing and lack of physical activity. Symptomsthat contribute to depression are one of the worst things that can happen to person.All symptoms vary, some might experience a lack of self-esteem, no self-controland insomnia. Depression is known to carry a high risk of suicide, or thoughtsof suicide. If someone has thoughts or is considering suicide, seekingtreatment will be the best option for that person.  When someone isdealing with a mental condition staying positive might be the best advice aperson can give to them but there are times when the symptoms become toooverwhelming and uncontrollable that the next step an individual should take, isseeking treatment.

Treatment for depression is available for people whostruggle with depression. Some who suffer from a mental illness are not always surewhere to start, some are not sure that they even suffer from a disorder. Atsome point seeking professional help from a psychiatrist might want to be oneof the first things considered if you have concerns about your mental health. There’snot a specific depression or blood test that can be taken but a doctor canevaluate your symptoms and often starts with your health history and apsychical exam. A doctor will want to know when did the symptoms begin, howlong have the symptoms occurred, what level and how severe are the symptoms, theymight want to know if there is history of mental illness in the family. Afterbeing diagnosed a psychiatrist might ease the depression with antidepressants.

Antidepressants are used to ease depression. The chemicals in medicines areused to balance the brain. The writer of Signs,Symptoms, & Treatment of Depression mentions that there are three knownchemicals in the brain that function to regulate mood.

The common chemicals arenorepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine. People who struggle with depressionmay have abnormally high or low neurotransmitters. Different types ofantidepressants help with functioning these levels in the brain. (Rain, 2013) There are severalmethods for overcoming depression. Lias Lemm, author of the book Depression: 66 Best Methods to overcomedepression once and for all, states that overcoming depression starts inyour head. Everything you do, you control with your throughs. Depression is a diseasethat is not immediately obvious to outsiders. In depression you have no controlof your thoughts which tend to steer towards the negative.

He suggested thatthinking positivity is a correct method, but also a way of life. (Lemm, 2017) A positive attitudecan help to curing a disease such as depression and many other physicalillnesses. Some might seek treatment in therapy sessions, group sessions ormeditation. Others might consider obtaining a diary to write out their feelingsand thoughts, or working out to release stress.

Some researchers have suggestedthat gratefulness can have positive effects on those struggling with depressionand by combining journaling and gratitude, ie: a gratitude journal, people canbegin to see patterns of positive things in their lives. Aside from the typicaltreatment, lifestyle changes can help with beating depression.  For example, start by changing yoursurroundings to a positive environment, setting goals, keeping yourself busy,and being thankful.

Based off the book Signs,Symptoms, & Treatment of Depression, author Amber Rain acknowledgesthat recent studies show that receiving and giving thanks in life can make youa happier person. Being grateful for the positive things you have in life canalso help finding happiness in your life. (Rain, 2013)   Since depression plays a big part of yourthoughts willpower can help dissolve negative thoughts.

Treatment doesn’ttechnically have to be chemically infused, treatment can consist of something assmall and simple as gratitude, simply being grateful and appreciative for yourlife. Major depressivedisorder is a very serious disease. Many individuals who suffer from thisdisease may not be aware of the seriousness and may not know where to beginseeking help.  After reviewinginformation about major depressive disorder there is so much that people in theworld can do to contribute to helping others. Part of the problem lies with thestigma that many people feel when seeking help for these types of disorders.One of the ways that we can all aid in helping others to seek treatment is tocreate an environment where it is not only normal to talk about depression butencouraged within families and social groups.

Depression is a serious mentalillness, but lives can be saved if people begin to enhance their knowledge withknowing what can cause depression, facts about the disorder, common symptoms tolook out for and learn how to help others who do suffer from depression, seektreatment. Although some may have difficulties overcoming a mental disorder,there is a possibility that depression can be beaten. It might take some timeand many different strategies may need to be tried before finding the righthealing process. If a person has the right treatment and a strong love andsupport team, depression can transform into a learning process, another chapterin life and help individuals gain strength. Life is difficult and we all gothrough struggles and obstacles but the real test in life is having patienceand staying positive.                    References ADAA. (1979). Facts & Statistics.

Retrieved from ADAA: https://adaa.org/about-adaa/press-room/facts-statistics Lemm, L. (2017). Depression: 66 Best Methods to overcome depression once and for all. In L. Lemm, Depression: 66 Best Methods to overcome depression once and for all (pp. 214-215).

Kindle E-Book. Phillips, M. L. (2015). Identifying Predictors, Moderators, and Mediators of Antidepressant Response in Major Depressive Disorder: Neuroimaging Approaches. 1. Rain, A.

(2013). Depression Signs, Symptoms and Treatments of Depression. In A.

Rain, Depression Signs, Symptoms and Treatments of Depression (pp. 167-168). Kindle Edition. Rain, A. (2013).

Signs, Symptoms, & Treatment of Depression. 263. Kindle E-Book. Thienhaus, O. J. (1995).

Manual of Clinical Hospital Psychiatry . Amer Psychiatric Pub Inc.    

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