Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the science and art of developingmachines that simulate human intelligence. AI’s are frequently used for tasksthat would normally involve human skills, of visual perception,speech-recognition, and decision making. Being something that does not requirea human’s complete operation it would be something to be feared. But for thatsole reason it should not be hindered in other fields of development.
One example of AI being particularly useful is in the medicalfield, as it has allowed for better monitoring of patients combined with abetter ability to detect abnormalities. For example, a very technicalapplication of AI is in radiology and imaging, where computers can be used toscan, eliminating the risk of human error and injury. Instead, for most peoplethe concept of AI incorporates more than mirroring human intellect; it alsoseeks to replicate some of the emotional processes involved in human thought.It is in this replacement of emotion that may offer the most promising medicaladvances for artificial intelligence. That being said AIs may be most useful isin the nursing home or assisted living environment (AAAI, 2013). For example,AI can be used for monitoring people, especially those with cognitiveimpairment, to provide them with as much independence as possible. For example,a simple application of AI includes tools that cut off kitchen appliances,irons, and other features that could be dangerous help facilitate independence,which can be critical even for people living in assisted living or skillednursing environments. More complicated tools using AI monitor the healthcondition of seniors, alerting healthcare providers when vital signs indicate aneed for intervention.
These uses are well-established ways of using AI in theskilled nursing or assisted living environment.AI also helps in the understanding/researchof intelligence. Human brain develops similar mechanical ability to recognizethings and learn from outside source. The function of AI, as the most commonfeature in recent AI researches, is also based on the ability of the AIcontrolled robots to recognize and process information, from the operator orthe sensory devices installed in the system. The common intelligencetests in current education process usually count the ability of students toperform “memory ability” (the ability to receive information,memorizing, and recognizing), and “abstract analytical abilities”(involves analysis, making judgments, making comparison, and evaluation)(Sternberg, 1998). Harris (2003) called AI as the “recreation ofhuman thought process”.
Such machine with this sophisticated characteristicwill be directed to think, learn, reason, and use language just like human. Inthe advanced position, the machine should be able to combine the assortment ofcapabilities and create initial conception from its analysis. Computers often come into several facets to judge,the ability to solve problems, the ability to learn, the ability to carry outsocial tasks, this is all related to similar intelligence that animals aresubjected to study and compare intelligences. Computers, and other high levelmachines have exceeded the problem-solving basic. This is the fundament ofevery computer created, in which hardware and software come with specialcharacteristic to finish operation, to calculate, and to process data.
Based onthe comparing and achieving methodology, computer can produce answer to a specificproblem in a short time. In modern technology, robot scientists haveenhanced robot’s function not only to accept and execute commands, but also todevelop certain thinking pattern, in which they present certain situationaloptions and allow the robot to choose the best solution to solve the problembased on the examination of facts surrounding the problem. The learningcapacity of AI differs from those of humans. AI technology still cannot escapefrom the capacity limitation. AI commonly only performs particular functionbased on the information it receives.
It is designed to follow certain steps tocomplete a single task. AI store the information in its memory and should beable to retrieve the information with perfect accuracy, so that it will be ableto perform similar task with similar result. AI shows humans that it caninteract socially, with other creature or with human by observing the other’sbehavior and imitate it to be accepted by the opposing partner. Sometimes humanadjust to find exact pattern that leads him/her to the correct interpretationof the situation/problem. From this observation and pattern discovered, thebrain develops a specific response.
However, for AIs, there is alsolimitation for social interaction. AI develops pattern, such as how the humanbrain develops patterns. Inputs can be associated with stimulation, in which humanscan learn from the pattern and give special responds according to the patternwhich is called learning development. Human definition of social interaction isquite broad and involves multiple psychological elements, which is difficult totranslate for machine. The feature above shows that human brain worksslight differently from AIs, as AIs don’t realize but develop analysis on thefunction of the individual robot in the system, so he learns function to help,to complete tasks, to organize things. Those evaluations above howeverstill need to be improved, as there are more to human thinking capability,which involves creative and practical thinking.
Practical thinking, which also takesbigger part in human life, it deals with persuasive and communication skills,to enhance the capability shown in analytical skills. Creative skill is also animportant element in human life to find alternative solution; also promptaction when dealing with unexpected situation and often comes in unpredictablemanner.