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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the science and art of developing
machines that simulate human intelligence. AI’s are frequently used for tasks
that would normally involve human skills, of visual perception,
speech-recognition, and decision making. Being something that does not require
a human’s complete operation it would be something to be feared. But for that
sole reason it should not be hindered in other fields of development.

One example of AI being particularly useful is in the medical
field, as it has allowed for better monitoring of patients combined with a
better ability to detect abnormalities. For example, a very technical
application of AI is in radiology and imaging, where computers can be used to
scan, eliminating the risk of human error and injury. Instead, for most people
the concept of AI incorporates more than mirroring human intellect; it also
seeks to replicate some of the emotional processes involved in human thought.
It is in this replacement of emotion that may offer the most promising medical
advances for artificial intelligence. That being said AIs may be most useful is
in the nursing home or assisted living environment (AAAI, 2013). For example,
AI can be used for monitoring people, especially those with cognitive
impairment, to provide them with as much independence as possible. For example,
a simple application of AI includes tools that cut off kitchen appliances,
irons, and other features that could be dangerous help facilitate independence,
which can be critical even for people living in assisted living or skilled
nursing environments. More complicated tools using AI monitor the health
condition of seniors, alerting healthcare providers when vital signs indicate a
need for intervention. These uses are well-established ways of using AI in the
skilled nursing or assisted living environment.

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AI also helps in the understanding/research
of intelligence. Human brain develops similar mechanical ability to recognize
things and learn from outside source. The function of AI, as the most common
feature in recent AI researches, is also based on the ability of the AI
controlled robots to recognize and process information, from the operator or
the sensory devices installed in the system. The common intelligence
tests in current education process usually count the ability of students to
perform “memory ability” (the ability to receive information,
memorizing, and recognizing), and “abstract analytical abilities”
(involves analysis, making judgments, making comparison, and evaluation)
(Sternberg, 1998). Harris (2003) called AI as the “recreation of
human thought process”. Such machine with this sophisticated characteristic
will be directed to think, learn, reason, and use language just like human. In
the advanced position, the machine should be able to combine the assortment of
capabilities and create initial conception from its analysis.

Computers often come into several facets to judge,
the ability to solve problems, the ability to learn, the ability to carry out
social tasks, this is all related to similar intelligence that animals are
subjected to study and compare intelligences. Computers, and other high level
machines have exceeded the problem-solving basic. This is the fundament of
every computer created, in which hardware and software come with special
characteristic to finish operation, to calculate, and to process data. Based on
the comparing and achieving methodology, computer can produce answer to a specific
problem in a short time. In modern technology, robot scientists have
enhanced robot’s function not only to accept and execute commands, but also to
develop certain thinking pattern, in which they present certain situational
options and allow the robot to choose the best solution to solve the problem
based on the examination of facts surrounding the problem. The learning
capacity of AI differs from those of humans. AI technology still cannot escape
from the capacity limitation. AI commonly only performs particular function
based on the information it receives. It is designed to follow certain steps to
complete a single task. AI store the information in its memory and should be
able to retrieve the information with perfect accuracy, so that it will be able
to perform similar task with similar result. AI shows humans that it can
interact socially, with other creature or with human by observing the other’s
behavior and imitate it to be accepted by the opposing partner. Sometimes human
adjust to find exact pattern that leads him/her to the correct interpretation
of the situation/problem. From this observation and pattern discovered, the
brain develops a specific response. However, for AIs, there is also
limitation for social interaction. AI develops pattern, such as how the human
brain develops patterns. Inputs can be associated with stimulation, in which humans
can learn from the pattern and give special responds according to the pattern
which is called learning development. Human definition of social interaction is
quite broad and involves multiple psychological elements, which is difficult to
translate for machine. The feature above shows that human brain works
slight differently from AIs, as AIs don’t realize but develop analysis on the
function of the individual robot in the system, so he learns function to help,
to complete tasks, to organize things. Those evaluations above however
still need to be improved, as there are more to human thinking capability,
which involves creative and practical thinking. Practical thinking, which also takes
bigger part in human life, it deals with persuasive and communication skills,
to enhance the capability shown in analytical skills. Creative skill is also an
important element in human life to find alternative solution; also prompt
action when dealing with unexpected situation and often comes in unpredictable

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