Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the science and art of developingmachines that simulate human intelligence. AI’s are frequently used for tasksthat would normally involve human skills, of visual perception,speech-recognition, and decision making. Being something that does not requirea human’s complete operation it would be something to be feared. But for thatsole reason it should not be hindered in other fields of development.For most people the concept of AI incorporates more than mirroringhuman intellect; it also seeks to replicate some of the emotional processesinvolved in human thought. It is in this replacement of emotion that may offerthe most promising medical advances for artificial intelligence. That beingsaid AIs may be most useful is in the nursing home or assisted livingenvironment. For example, AI can be used for monitoring people, especiallythose with cognitive impairment, to provide them with as much independence aspossible.
For example, a simple application of AI includes tools that cut offkitchen appliances, irons, and other features that could be dangerous helpfacilitate independence, which can be critical even for people living in assistedliving or skilled nursing environments. More complicated tools using AI monitorthe health condition of seniors, alerting healthcare providers when vital signsindicate a need for intervention. These uses are well-established ways of usingAI in the skilled nursing or assisted living environment. Anotherexample of AI being particularly useful is in the medical field, as it hasallowed for better monitoring of patients combined with a better ability todetect abnormalities. For example, a very technical application of AI is inradiology and imaging, where computers can be used to scan, eliminating therisk of human error and injury.AI also helps in the understanding/researchof intelligence. The Human brain develops similar mechanical ability to recognizethings and learn from outside source.
The function of AI, as the most commonfeature in recent AI researches, is also based on the ability of the AI torecognize and process information, from the operator or the sensory devicesinstalled in the system. The common intelligence tests in currenteducation process usually count the ability of students to perform “memoryability” (the ability to receive information, memorizing, and recognizing),and “abstract analytical abilities” (involves analysis, making judgments,making comparison, and evaluation). Such machine with the sophisticatedcharacteristics listed above will be directed to think, learn, reason, and uselanguage just like a human.
In the advanced position, the machine should beable to combine the assortment of capabilities and create initial conceptionfrom its analysis. Computers often come into severalfacets to judge, the ability to solve problems, the ability to learn,the ability to carry out social tasks, this is all related to similar intelligencethat animals are subjected to study and compare intelligences. Computers, andother high level machines have exceeded the problem-solving basic.
This is thefundament of every computer created, in which hardware and software come withspecial characteristic to finish operation, to calculate, and to process data.Based on the comparing and achieving methodology, computer can produce answerto a specific problem in a short time. In modern technology, robotscientists have enhanced robot’s function not only to accept and executecommands, but also to develop certain thinking pattern, in which they presentcertain situational options and allow the robot to choose the best solution tosolve the problem based on the examination of facts surrounding the problem.The learning capacity of AI differs from those of humans. AI technology stillcannot escape from the capacity limitation.
AI commonly only performsparticular function based on the information it receives. It is designed tofollow certain steps to complete a single task vs humans where we can skipsteps to achieve the desired goal. AI show humans that it can interactsocially, with other creature or with other humans by observing the other’sbehavior and imitate it to be accepted by the opposing partner.
Sometimes humanadjust to find exact pattern that leads him/her to the correct interpretationof the situation/problem. From this observation and pattern discovered, thebrain develops a specific response. However, for AIs, there is alsolimitation for social interaction. AI develops pattern, such as how the humanbrain develops patterns. Inputs can be associated with stimulation, in which humanscan learn from the pattern and give special responds according to the patternwhich is called learning development, for example if a situation is painful ourbrain will develop the pattern that if I do this it will hurt. Human definitionof social interaction is quite broad and involves multiple psychologicalelements, which is difficult to translate for machines. The featureabove shows that human brain works slight differently from AIs, as AIs don’trealize but develop analysis on the function of the individual robot in thesystem, so it learns function to help, to complete tasks, to organize things.
Those evaluations above however still need to be improved, as there are more tohuman thinking capability, which involves creative and practical thinking.Practical thinking, which also takes bigger part in human life, it deals withpersuasive and communication skills, to enhance the capability shown inanalytical skills. Creative skill is also an important element in human life tofind alternative solution; also prompt action when dealing with unexpectedsituation and often comes in unpredictable manner.