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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the science and art of developing
machines that simulate human intelligence. AI’s are frequently used for tasks
that would normally involve human skills, of visual perception,
speech-recognition, and decision making. Being something that does not require
a human’s complete operation it would be something to be feared. But for that
sole reason it should not be hindered in other fields of development.

For most people the concept of AI incorporates more than mirroring
human intellect; it also seeks to replicate some of the emotional processes
involved in human thought. It is in this replacement of emotion that may offer
the most promising medical advances for artificial intelligence. That being
said AIs may be most useful is in the nursing home or assisted living
environment. For example, AI can be used for monitoring people, especially
those with cognitive impairment, to provide them with as much independence as
possible. For example, a simple application of AI includes tools that cut off
kitchen appliances, irons, and other features that could be dangerous help
facilitate independence, which can be critical even for people living in assisted
living or skilled nursing environments. More complicated tools using AI monitor
the health condition of seniors, alerting healthcare providers when vital signs
indicate a need for intervention. These uses are well-established ways of using
AI in the skilled nursing or assisted living environment. Another
example of AI being particularly useful is in the medical field, as it has
allowed for better monitoring of patients combined with a better ability to
detect abnormalities. For example, a very technical application of AI is in
radiology and imaging, where computers can be used to scan, eliminating the
risk of human error and injury.

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AI also helps in the understanding/research
of intelligence. The Human brain develops similar mechanical ability to recognize
things and learn from outside source. The function of AI, as the most common
feature in recent AI researches, is also based on the ability of the AI to
recognize and process information, from the operator or the sensory devices
installed in the system. The common intelligence tests in current
education process usually count the ability of students to perform “memory
ability” (the ability to receive information, memorizing, and recognizing),
and “abstract analytical abilities” (involves analysis, making judgments,
making comparison, and evaluation). Such machine with the sophisticated
characteristics listed above will be directed to think, learn, reason, and use
language just like a human. In the advanced position, the machine should be
able to combine the assortment of capabilities and create initial conception
from its analysis.


Computers often come into several
facets to judge, the ability to solve problems, the ability to learn,
the ability to carry out social tasks, this is all related to similar intelligence
that animals are subjected to study and compare intelligences. Computers, and
other high level machines have exceeded the problem-solving basic. This is the
fundament of every computer created, in which hardware and software come with
special characteristic to finish operation, to calculate, and to process data.
Based on the comparing and achieving methodology, computer can produce answer
to a specific problem in a short time. In modern technology, robot
scientists have enhanced robot’s function not only to accept and execute
commands, but also to develop certain thinking pattern, in which they present
certain situational options and allow the robot to choose the best solution to
solve the problem based on the examination of facts surrounding the problem.
The learning capacity of AI differs from those of humans. AI technology still
cannot escape from the capacity limitation. AI commonly only performs
particular function based on the information it receives. It is designed to
follow certain steps to complete a single task vs humans where we can skip
steps to achieve the desired goal. AI show humans that it can interact
socially, with other creature or with other humans by observing the other’s
behavior and imitate it to be accepted by the opposing partner. Sometimes human
adjust to find exact pattern that leads him/her to the correct interpretation
of the situation/problem. From this observation and pattern discovered, the
brain develops a specific response. However, for AIs, there is also
limitation for social interaction. AI develops pattern, such as how the human
brain develops patterns. Inputs can be associated with stimulation, in which humans
can learn from the pattern and give special responds according to the pattern
which is called learning development, for example if a situation is painful our
brain will develop the pattern that if I do this it will hurt. Human definition
of social interaction is quite broad and involves multiple psychological
elements, which is difficult to translate for machines. The feature
above shows that human brain works slight differently from AIs, as AIs don’t
realize but develop analysis on the function of the individual robot in the
system, so it learns function to help, to complete tasks, to organize things.
Those evaluations above however still need to be improved, as there are more to
human thinking capability, which involves creative and practical thinking.
Practical thinking, which also takes bigger part in human life, it deals with
persuasive and communication skills, to enhance the capability shown in
analytical skills. Creative skill is also an important element in human life to
find alternative solution; also prompt action when dealing with unexpected
situation and often comes in unpredictable manner. 

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