Artificial intelligence should be added in the healthcaresystem because of its great advantages in the healthcare field. Healthcare is amajor factor in a societies or country’s welfare and growth. Healthcare is amandatory expenditure for any country since its added on the national budget ofalmost every country. There’s an ongoing debate about if every individual in asociety should have healthcare as some don’t see the need for it because theydon’t get sick or injured as often, they don’t believe in free healthcare, theycan’t afford healthcare and also the fact that they pay for healthcare and endup not using it while it benefits other people. What is a good healthcare orhealth system?? As stated by the world health Organization (WHO) on theirwebsite, “a good health system is one that delivers quality services to allpeople, when and where they need them.
The exact configuration of servicesvaries from country to country, but in all cases requires a strong financingsystem; a well-trained and adequately paid workforce; reliable information onwhich to base decisions and policies; well-maintained facilities and logisticsto deliver quality medicines and technologies. Healthcare is a big issue in different societies today asstated in the above definition by the world health organization, thereforeimprovements and solutions to healthcare issues are beneficial to the wholeworld. I believe for this improvement and solutions to happen, the introductionof Artificial Intelligence into different aspects of healthcare is imminent andnecessary. The introduction of A.I in the field of healthcare has come with itsown benefits, it has improved the outlook of healthcare services in differentsocieties and has also helped the society to take notice of their health andlivelihoods. Artificial intelligence inhealthcare has led to great discoveries in science, efficiency in findingsolutions and also problems with patients, better methods of treatment and drugcreation, new employment opportunities in healthcare, educational and researchactivities in healthcare, the healthcare workers have become more efficient andknowledgeable in what they do, it has improved the accuracy and security ofpatient’s information, and many other aspects. A.I in healthcare still has along way to go but has definitely improved the healthcare system today and willcontinue doing so in the future.
In a survey by techemergence, 50 plus healthcare executiveswere asked about different applications and issues of artificial Intelligencein healthcare and some of the topics asked were about the adoption of A.I inhealthcare by the year 2025, the need for A.I healthcare case studies, decisionsupport systems to improve patient care, hospitals main outcome for purchasingA.I technologies, and A.I’s help to improve chronic conditions, these were themain points discussed with the executives. The following are some of thehighlights of the survey from techemergence; A.
I in healthcare by the year2025: Over 50% of the executives believe that AI will be everywhere inhealthcare by 2025. The need for A.I healthcare case studies: Nearly 50% of UScompanies believe that the healthcare industry “needs to be convinced furtherof Return of Investment from Artificial Intelligence investments”. A.I’s helpto improve chronic conditions: “Chronic Conditions” was listed in nearlyone-half of responses when execs were asked to predict patient care improvementacross ailments.
Of the specific conditions mentioned under “ChronicConditions”, “Diabetes” topped the list at nearly 30% of the mentions. “Cancer”was less popular, and was listed by slightly over one-third of respondents. Ofcourse different executives were split on different issues but a number of themwere leaning towards A.
I in the hospitals in most of the issues named above. Before we talk about the benefits of Artificial intelligencein healthcare, let’s first talk about the element that will boost or catalyzethe success of both A.I and healthcare implementation to the public and healthfacilities. These are healthcare professionals and organizations; thehealthcare system of any society consists of many health professionals andorganizations, and these individuals or group of individuals operate indifferent branches of healthcare and these branches include and are not limitedto surgery, medicine, psychology and other branches. In order for the successof artificial intelligence in the healthcare system, health professionals needto be informed and educated to the workings of the different A.I systems thatwill be implemented in the healthcare industry in specific branches ofhealthcare. This information is needed by them to provide world class serviceto the patients and also to be able to encourage more health careorganizations, personnel and patients or customers to utilize these A.Isystems.
Back in 2015, the U.S bureau of Labor statistics reportedover 12.4 million health care jobs in the United States alone.
The healthcareprofession covers a number of professionals especially because of the reallyhigh demand in every society in both urban and rural areas and this professionkeeps growing every passing year and still has more potential for job growth.The U.S bureau of Labor statistics also reported that; “Employment ofhealthcare occupations is projected to grow 18 percent from 2016 to 2026, muchfaster than the average for all occupations, adding about 2.3 million new jobs.Healthcare occupations are projected to add more jobs than any of the otheroccupational groups”. Since this is already a large group and is still growing,they need some convincing about the A.I before they can encourage the public touse these systems. This brings us to our first benefit of employment.
The whitehouse council of economic advisers in their annual white house report, reportedthat new employment opportunities for A.I will be introduced in the society, inthe form of engagement, development and supervision. Companies andorganizations will require their employees to engage with the A.I in the formof taking patients history, medications, health issues and entering them intothe A.I database, taking neuroimages and different body scans of a patient withA.I equipment, helping to develop new and improved technologies used by thehospital, supervising the use of different A.I equipment and many otherresponsibilities to do with A.
I. These jobs will keep growing as different A.Ibecome complex and thus more highly skilled workers will be required for thoseother jobs.
As the A.I research grows, knowledge about A.I and machine learningwill grow and thus improving both fields of A.I and healthcare.
IBM Watson health is a great example of ArtificialIntelligence in healthcare, there main purpose or goal is to help the public inhealth solutions in different aspects of healthcare. They offer a wide array ofhealthcare services like they help to protect patient data for differenthospitals, they connect patients to health professionals, they also work hardon cancer care and many other functions they offer. IBM Watson health is wellknown in the A.I and healthcare field and this tells us that ArtificialIntelligence in Healthcare has been around for a while and is still growing tothe public. IBM Watson health is creating jobs and has employed a number ofemployees every passing year to help with their goals as a company and also toreach different regions of the world. Artificial intelligent databases like google has helpedpeople keep up with both their health and health necessities and also helped tolink patients to health professionals in different fields like dentists,clinics, dermatologists and other health professions. Leaving in a googlesearch world today, a lot of people when sick or require to see a healthprofession in any field, they google search the desired health worker and getinto contact with them for their health care needs.
A.I systems in health caresystems have made it easy for healthcare professionals to contact patients fordifferent issues like appointments, health reports, health insurance and manyother processes. Information is explained easier to patients with artificialintelligence. AI systems have stored a lot of information about differenthealth issues and also have online health professionals to help answerquestions on different health issues. Online health workers or Chatbots work24/7 online or offline answering questions for different patients, answers areeither answered immediately or answers are given after a certain time but itdoesn’t take that long.
The availability of health professionals and health information online, is a greatasset especially in this internet era we leaving in today, this makesinformation gathering a lot easier and faster, thus finding solutions todifferent health issues quick and making decisions faster. This has savedpeople’s lives, saved people from panicking and making mistakes, saved themfrom making the wrong decisions in treating different health issues and alsohas made more people more knowledgeable about different health issues. Drug Companies are applying Artificial intelligence in thecreation of new drugs. For example Atomwise. Atomwise is a company that usesartificial intelligence to help discover and create new medicines.
In the past2 years, they have been deployed to help create new potential medicines for 27disease targets. They have had some success with the Ebola virus back in 2015;Atomwise launched a virtual search for safe, existing medicines that could bereconfigured to treat the Ebola virus. These two drugs were discovered by thecompany’s A.I system, a process that would take humans a long time and wasprocessed in a few minutes or hours. Other successes include, promisingcompounds for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, work in cancer, malaria, andmetabolic diseases. These companies are giving hope to the human race,especially those in the chronic disease area. People and A.
I putting countlesshours of time and energy to help treat these diseases and health disordersimproves healthcare in any area or country. Artificial intelligence is still being studied in differentfields including and majorly in different healthcare fields. Research in healthCare entails a lot of studies like neuroscience, nephrology, cardiology andmany other studies of living things. Almost all these studies have made stridesto improve or confirm their research and in this case, I’ll talk aboutneuroscience. Great strides have been achieved in neuroscience due to A.
Itechnology involvement and improvement every year, in this field for exampleneuroimaging. Neuroimaging is known as brain imaging. Neuroscience has been amajor success due to artificial intelligence. Alot of research has been savedon supercomputers and algorithms to help neuroscientists make solutions orconclusions faster on their findings.
A.I has also helped explain complexresearch material to students researching, studying, about really complexhealth issues, and thus used as a study guide in schools, hospitals, clinicsand many other places. Organizations like Deepmind Health are doing extensiveresearch in the healthcare field and its applications to the society. TheDeepmind health mains goals as stated on their website are the following; first,to make a practical difference to patients, nurses and doctors and support theNHS (U.K.
‘s National Health Service) and other healthcare systems. Secondly, tomake DeepMind Health a self-sustaining initiative, through hospitals choosingto pay us for our software if they think they can have a positive impact onclinical outcomes and experience. Deepmind Health as a company depends onArtificial intelligence to help formulate solutions to the healthcare systemissues now and in the future in different aspects. Although Artificial Intelligence is a really big advantageto the healthcare system in almost all its aspects, its introduction to thehealthcare system will drive healthcare prices and insurances premiums andprices up. This will discourage a lot of individuals as majority of the publicare not in the rich or upper class, most of the healthcare services are used bythe middle and lower working classes and they have limited income to spend onthis increased healthcare prices. This of course this can be avoided bychanging or improving the healthcare bill for both the rich and themiddle/lower class citizens.
Artificial intelligence will need to be understood by theemployees and the public, in order for them to be effectively used. Someindividuals or people are still not comfortable or don’t understand artificialintelligence fully, so they need the help of employees, friends, families andinformation about the different Artificial intelligent products beforeaccepting their results. Face to face interaction with a Doctor, psychologist, nurseor any other health professional is really important to some people becausethey feel, they need to be physically examined, they need more information,they don’t want to share their health information with A.I and many otherreasons. This part of the doctor patient relationship is really important asbeing able to have a conversation about your health with your personal doctoris more assuring than having a machine spit out solutions and giving youorders. Introduction of Artificial intelligence in healthcare willtake away a number of jobs from the health profession. They are inventing A.Ito carry out the repetitive tasks in healthcare like signing in patients,taking patient information, analyzing scans and many other jobs, now less or noindividuals will be needed to carry out those specific duties.
As much as jobswill be created for the different A.I in healthcare, more jobs will be lost inthe process. Artificial Intelligence in the healthcare system willbenefit health care a lot in different aspects, no more face to faceappointments if not necessary, misdiagnosis will be very rare, no missing yourmedication, patient information will be easily accessed and other aspects will also improve.
It willdefinitely come with a high or expensive investment but will cut costs forfuture jobs or duties in different aspects. A.I is still gradually growing notonly in healthcare but even other fields like transportation, buildings andinfrastructures, and many other fields. Public awareness is the biggest andmost important issue A.I inventors or users are striving for, if everyindividual could embrace and understand A.I, a lot of promising and greatresults will be produced if everyone is onboard. A Lot of great discoverieshave been made and will continue to be made in A.I in the healthcare system, soI urge the organizations and governments to promote this idea.