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Article
1: TOURISM AND EMPLOYMENT
IN ALBANIA – IS THERE A STRONG CORRELATION?

Aynalem S, Birhanu K, Tesefay S (2016) Employment Opportunities and
Challenges in Tourism and Hospitality Sectors.- Albania 5: 257.

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The
article has been viewed from author differently varies from desk research to
empirical tests in order to test the correlation between the overall country
employment and number of foreign visitors arriving annually in Albania. This
way the results will show theoretically and empirically how strong Tourism
economy is linked to almost every strategic sector of the country giving
Tourism not only a strategic and important weight in the GDP but proving that
it has a multiplier and stimulating effect on the whole Albanian economy and
especially on the welfare of Albanian citizens.

The
paper is to measure the contribution of Tourism to the economy of the country
with emphasis on wellbeing of Albanians so article has a large extension and
touches different topics. Tourism is undoubted a driving force for Albanian
Economy. The fast pace growing industry which provides 19.3 per cent of the
total employment and contributes more than 20 per cent on Albanian GDP is
considered strategic for the future development of the country. Statistics
provide figures that show a correlation between the number of visitors and the
number of people employed in the industry that is one of the reasons why this
industry is quickly growing.

The
main objective of the study is to understand how Tourism development is related
to employment and income generation of population in our country. We will not
make the correlation between no of tourists and number of Tourism or Tourism
satellite jobs but the number of the overall jobs in Albania which also
measures the induced potentials

The
empirical test proven that the hypothesis of the study is not fully verified.
The weak correlation between the number of employees and the number of tourist
arrivals might prove that the boom of tourists has not contributed properly to
the development of the country in general. The pace of tourist number increase
should contribute to a major number of employed directly or indirectly in
Tourism sector.

Article 2: Is it difficult to do business in
Albania?

Aristidis Bitzenis, Ersanja Nito,
(2005) “Obstacles to entrepreneurship in a transition business
environment: the case of Albania”, Journal of Small Business
and Enterprise Development,
Vol. 12 Issue: 4, pp.564-578, https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000510628234

– To critically
evaluate the obstacles and problems encountered by entrepreneurs while doing
business in Albania, which is an economy in a transition.

 

– The
most important obstacles faced by entrepreneurs in Albania include unfair
competition, changes in taxation procedures, lack of financial resources and
problems related to public order. Bureaucracy and corruption do not appear to
represent significant barriers to entrepreneurship.

 

– Legislative
amendments and new legislation which focus specifically upon small business and
enterprise development should be implemented by the Albanian government in
order to achieve a transparent fiscal reform and create a more favorable
business environment.

 

Design/methodology/approach

– The research
methodology incorporates a survey that uses interview and questionnaire
techniques. The sample was determined on a stratified basis (probability?random
sampling) involving the random selection of respondents from various strata of
the population.

 

– This
research provides a critical evaluation of entrepreneurial activities and the
obstacles that entrepreneurs encounter while operating in the Albanian economy
in transition.

 

Article 3: Economic impact in Albania

 

This study relates to
the activity of travellers on trips outside their usual environment with a duration
of less than one year and economic activity related to all aspects of Albanian
tourism

There is a modest literature
review conducted. Capital investment spending by all industries directly
involved in Travel & Tourism. This also constitutes investment spending by
other industries on specific tourism assets such as new visitor accommodation
and passenger transport equipment, as well as restaurants and leisure
facilities for specific tourism use.

The data are gathered
from the World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) which is the global
authority on the economic and social contribution of Travel & Tourism all
over the world This growth will require countries to adopt a concerted and
coordinated approach to talent planning and development between their industry,
governments and educational institutions to ensure they fulfill their potential
in the years ahead.

 The method used in this paper is:  GDP that generated by industries that deal
directly with tourists, including hotels, travel agents, airlines and other
passenger transport services, as well as the activities of restaurant and
leisure industries that deal directly with tourists. It is equivalent to total
internal Travel & Tourism spending within a country less the purchases made
by those industries (including imports).

From the current paper it can be
concluded purchases of domestic goods and services directly by different
industries within Travel & Tourism as inputs to their final tourism output.

 

Article 4:  Albanian’s
tourism industry set to register one of Europe’s fastest growths

 

 The main topic about this study is Albanian’s
tourism that is set to register one of the region’s highest growth in the next
decade in terms of its contribution to GDP, employment, investment and exports,
according to a report by Instituti i statistikave,  INSTAT.

 In its latest Economic Impact
Research report, the WTTC ranks Albania 26th out of 185 countries for its
travel and tourism long-term growth prospects from 2017 to 2027, leaving behind
almost all regional competitors who have a longer tradition in the tourism
industry. The 2017 report shows the contribution of the travel industry to
Albania’s GDP is forecast to grow by an average of 6% annually over the next
decade, while employment is expected to grow by a slower pace of about 3%. The sector’s total contribution including wider
effects from investments, the supply chain and induced income impacts was at
$3.2 billion in 2016 or about 26% of the GDP and is expected to grow by 6.1%
(€6.1 bln) annually 33 % percent of the GDP in 2026.

 The article uses an analytical
approach. The paper is based on the economic studies and used a method of
comparative – analysis of publications on the research topic. Methods of retrospective,
exploration and forecasting.

 

The main strength is that the current article does not compare too many
studies to get some conclusions that making the results more valid, expect of
some data with percent that are from different research papers.

From the conclusions it is
derived that this is an economic crisis. This organization estimates the travel and
tourism industry directly supported 85,000 jobs in 2016 in Albania and expects
employment numbers to increase by another 34,500 to 120,000 over the next
decade

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