Around1137-1144, a new cathedral style came in site that was important to the GothicEra. The inventor of this new style had achieved both political and spiritual goalthrough his successful work is Abbot Suger. This rare and unique style of theGothic cathedral became popular over the years and spread throughout the whole world,especially Europe.
Sugerwas the inventor of the Gothic style for cathedrals. He was born in 1084 inFrance close to Paris. In his early life, his parents gave him away at a youngage.
He was given as an monastic to the abbey of St. Denis, where he startedhis education to become a monk. Suger met Louis VI and became close friendswith him.
Later on in the future, Louis VI became a French king and Suger washis adviser. When Louis VII was away for a while, Suger was chosen toadminister France. In 1122, Suger became an historian of Saint-Denis which gavehim a special spot in French history.
Suger design a marvelous plan to rebuildand enlarge the Carolingian church of Saint- Denis. He wanted to make a spiritualspot for France and create a new style for the church. Around 1137, He startedto build the Cathedral. Gothiccathedral demonstrates a unique fusion of form and space. Gothic cathedralcontained compositional components that also characterized the style includingsolid arch that can assist a form of the building’s rooftop, pointed curves,and flying buttress The Romanesque style of Cathedral that preceded the Gothic styledepends on the use of semicircular curves as an extra components and to makeroof angled at the rooftop. The outline approach the semicircular curves limitedthe height of the bay, for it required the height to be equivalent to thewidth.
This property therefore applies for the building of heavy supportcolumns and pours down of an arch to span large areas. This tended to confinethe height of the exterior walls and brought about of working with a squat,substantial impact. AbbotSuger and his architects utilized the guided curve which empowered them toincrease the height of the vault to new and exceptionally captivating. Theseheights became noticeably conceivable by the property of the pointed curve, forit could spring to any height and span any separation along as the two sides ofthe curve adjusted in size and pitch.
The adaptability additionally made itconceivable to bulid vaults with even crowns with no loss of quality. Moresignificantly the pointed curve made it conceivable to build cathedrals with oblongor rectangular formed naives. Additionally the architects found they could buildeven higher walls than before, if supported remotely by the utilization of ahalf pointed curve which became known as the flying support.
The resultingunique Gothic plan joined these components creating a rectangular nave withremotely upheld high thin walls topped with lofty pointed curve rooftop. Theimpact attracted consideration regarding the vertical over the horizontal,reverberating the religious topic of the triumph of the spiritual over thematerial.Theinfluence of Abbot Suger’s invention of the Gothic cathedral grew and spreadaround the world. Other regions were inspired by Europe design, so the createdtheir own unique Gothic style for their architecture.
The flexibility shown thestrength of the basic gothic design elements, but most importantly this designcreated the architectural elements into a unique form that well matched thereligious feelings of the religious time in history.