Annotated Bibliography and Thesis StatementFeminist Action: A Woman’s Fight To LeadershipLaiya EversKing’s University CollegeIntroduction and ThesisThe global topic that will be discussed is a women’s fight to leadership roles in and outside of the workplace. The study of leadership is one of the most studied subjects in the world but is inadequately represented. Admittingly, there have been countless attempts to break through patriarchy and begin social experiments. The hierarchy used to be seen as complex as it is linked to the domination of men over women. Once cooperatives and networks were introduced, women began to empower themselves. The methodology used to strike the argumentation as to why women are underrepresented in management and elected positions is the cultural and structural barriers of the glass ceiling as well as the arguments of John Rawls, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, which calls for equality between women and men in all aspects of rights and assistance in good works. Along with the significant racial and ethnic differences that lengthen the shortcomings of success from their male counterparts that license the top jobs.
Suitably, every countries carries their own barriers to leadership positions, despite this actuality, this paper will be rational and recognize these differences. BibliographyBallenger, J. (2010). Women’s Access to Higher Education Leadership: Cultural and Structural Barriers. ERIC. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.
gov/?id=EJ913023 The author thoroughly expresses the barrier that is the glass ceiling. The phenomenon of the glass ceiling appears to be discriminatory while affecting the highest education of women. It identifies womens lack of admittance to leadership status. However, the under representation of women in leadership positions raised questions about how they got to this point.John Rawls argues that there are two principles to be disputed. The first regards the comparable right to authorization of the entire systems. The second is correlated with the greatest communal and budgetary benefits and attaching the benefits to positions in a candid and equal demeanor. His argument stems from the idea that organizations are obligated not only to security and safety but also to amend unequal opportunity.
A strength that is prevalent in the discussion is the individual perspective. Even supposing it is not a topic on its own, it does relate to the initial phenomenon of the glass ceiling. The underlying idea is that men and women are distinct. Women are thought to view the world differently than men whether it be their attitude toward socialization or their authentic life experiences. The whole topic is based off of moral alternatives in freedom. Stereotypes in the glass ceiling stem from the variations between men and women. The work of men has been valued over the work of women thus being perceived as inferior and be given a lesser prestige. I plan to take up the idea of the glass ceiling as well as John Rawls’ altercation in conformance of this phenomenon in my paper because it expresses a general understanding of the fight leadership and their barrier to which women have to address.
Norris, Pippa., Inglehart, R. (2004). Cultural Barriers to Women’s Leadership: A Worldwide Comparison.
Harvard. Retrieved from https://sites.hks.
harvard.edu/fs/pnorris/Acrobat/IPSA%202000%20Cultural%20Barriers%20to%20Women’s%20Leadership.pdf The author’s main ideas derive from leadership in government and political spectrums.
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women is a broad alliance that acts on the importance of women’s human rights. It suggests the importance of equality in all aspects of the world, may it be economic, social or political and suggests the importance of participation of women. Parties are obligated to ensure equal opportunities. The idea of cultural barriers hinder the advancement of women. Theories of socialization have accentuated the importance of sex roles in these countries while affirming the attitudes toward women as political leaders.
Therefore, this determinant of women’s entry into these positions have little evidence. Margaret Inglehart (1979) argued that women’s political activism was lower in Universal countries rather than the opposing Protestant countries of Western Europe. This is due to the authoritarian nature of the Universal countries. The greatest contrasts of proportions of women in leadership positions were between Christian countries and other religions including Islamic, Judaic, Hindu, etc.
I plan to incorporate this idea by contrasting it with the argument of Inglehart. I will touch on the cultural barriers and the elimination of discrimination act which motivates Inglehart’s argument. Corley, D., Warner, J.
(2017, May 21). The Women’s Leadership Gap. Centre For American Progress. Retrieved from https://www.
americanprogress.org/issues/women/reports/2017/05/21/432758/womens-leadership-gap/ There are significant statistics that relate themselves with the strict idea of men holding the majority of leadership roles in today’s societies. The portrayal of women of colour is a topic that this author introduces and focuses on. Women of colour assume 38% of the United States female population as well as 20% of the entire United States country. Ths author enables the reader to think about the current statistics and follows it up by contrasting those statistics with the data that consciously correlates.
The statistics of coloured women in the United States, the author follows it up with, “and yet, women of colour were only 3.9% of executive officials and managers while 0.4% of CEOs in companies”.The creation of the stalled revolution is rooted in the 20th century where progress in women’s advancement has advanced. There are significant ethnic and national differences under most success. This being the case, women will continue to fall short of their male correspondents.
In my paper I plan to discuss the data which the author collected, the significant cultural and racial factors in obtaining authority positions as well as the stalled revolution of women falling short of their male correspondents. It is important to recognize why this may be happening and where to go from here.ReadingBell Hooks: Feminist Politics: Where We Stand The author uses extensive background knowledge in possessing their ideas and informing the reader. This paper strongly focuses on the primarily “Christian” culture which persuades masses of people to believe that god appointed men to be the dominant to their wives in the private home.
As well as the anti-male sentiment portrayed by early feminist activists and the anger that came of it.