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Australian study conducted by North Sydney Environmental Protection Authority
(2015:1) highlight the issue of illegal dumping as an increasing concern in
North Sydney since 2004. The report states that household waste is the most
common material sent to  illegal dumping
sites. Of particular interest was that  illegal dumping cannot be confined to a
particular demographic, the study concluded that any human being is capable of
dumping waste. According to this study the dumping behaviour had nothing to do
with level of education, income levels etc. This remains a very interesting
factor because of the questions that could not be explored with eSkotshi
village study. If it was not for other limitations it would have been
worthwhile to compare dumping behaviours in urbanised sections of the Ethekwini
municipality to rural, and previously advantaged areas where the services of
waste collection never existed prior to democracy.

are at least two studies conducted within Ethekwini municipality on the issue
of illegal dumping. The study by (Abel, 2009) focused on perceptions of illegal
dumping. Amongst the findings is that people have a general belief that it is
the duty of the government to clean after them Abel, (2009:5) therefore
littering is not a problem. The same study  focussed on waste building rubble stored piled
by  private owners to extend their slope.
The said rubble on steep slopes end up blocking storm water drainage, sewer and
contaminates nature.

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(2010:91) presents some finding and recommendations of a study conducted in
Clermont KZN, thus highlighting that environmental problems like solid waste
management enjoy low priority in the community. According to Ngeleka, observations
have shown that there is illegal dumping in Clermont, people are more concerned
about meeting their daily basic needs rather than worrying about the
surrounding environment and its immediate problems. There are various reasons
stated by people for practising illegal dumping. These types of conclusions
leaves a lot to be desired in as far as analysis of driving forces behind
illegal dumping are concerned. The results of the Nacelle study in relation to
objectives of the study under concern is thought provoking in terms of how much
effort is put into awareness of environmental care and correct methods of waste
disposal by local authorities.

draft Integrated Waste Management Strategy (2016) for Ethekwini municipality
speak to the issue of illegal dumping. It highlights the causes to be about:
Poor waste removal services within a specific area,  Lack of convenient disposal sites;  Lack of public awareness on the issue
( This proves that the municipality is aware of the
illegal dumping problem. Nevertheless, Ethekwini Municipality is the relevant
authority for waste management in the area of study. The municipality has a
dedicated function called Solid Waste Management.



dumping remains a challenge in this municipality. This study will then
contribute to at least mapping of the areas that are affected by illegal
dumping within the municipality. The study will also make a contribution to
understanding reasons for dumping in the area where there is a waste collection
service. The waste collection service is rendered once a week. It is not known
why residence opt to dump their refuse. The hierarchy of waste management will
be chosen as the theoretical framework. It will help understand waste disposal
methods employed by the residents. The hierarchy of waste management will also
be useful in learning about favoured household waste methods over one another.


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