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Afghanistanhas some of the lowest living standards in the world, greatly injuring thehealth and wellbeing of its citizens. Civil war in the 1980’s crippledAfghanistan’s health system, as most medical professionals left the country andall medical training programs were terminated (LC, 2018). As of 2014, there were0.

3 physicians and 0.5 hospital beds per 1000 population (UNSTATS, 2018). Currently,Afghanistan has the highest infant mortality rate out of 225 countries in theworld of 112.8 deaths/1,000 live births (CIA, 2018). However, according to theMinistry of Public Health, more than 67% of the population has access to abasic package of health and hospital services provided by more than 2,200 healthfacilities located in all 34 provinces, a large increase from 9% in 2003 (TheWorld Bank, 2015). Overall, the accessibility and quality of health servicesmust be improved to better serve the entire Afghan population. The country’s education system was similarly hurtby successive wars. As of 2015, the country’s literacy rate is 38.

2% (52% ofmales and 24.2% of females) and the school life expectancy (primary to tertiaryeducation) is 11 years (13 years for males and 8 years for females) (CIA, 2018).While the 2004 constitution commits to the advancement of healthcare, education,gender equality, and freedom of expression of citizens, much of the populationcontinues to suffer from shortages of clean water, sanitation services,electricity, medical care, housing, and jobs (LC, 2008). 

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