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ADHD stands for attention deficit hyperactivity
disorder (Baird, 277), it can affect both males and females. However, it’s most
commonly found in males rather than females. Most times the syndromes are shown
before and around age twelve, which is when adolescent/ adults who have ADHD
are diagnosed. Children who have this disorder are commonly diagnosed while in
elementary school. This disorder doesn’t just effect those who have it, but
those around them since they can at times be quite impulsive and have trouble
letting others finish their thoughts before interrupting. Living with someone
who has ADHD can sometimes be hard, since you don’t really know how they’ll
react to certain things. Along with this disorder, the people diagnosed can
also have other disorders such as Asperger’s or bipolar on top of that.




is a disorder that develops during childhood and can persist into adulthood. The
causes for ADHD are somewhat unknown, but researchers believe it can be caused
by genetics, low birth weight, and exposure to toxic materials. Although adult
ADHD is more common than initially thought, not all children who have these
symptoms will go on to have the adult version of the disorder. Some of these
symptoms may fade through out their life, such as hyperactivity, but it can
also show in different ways. People with this disorder has symptoms that are
categorized into four different groups, hyperactivity, poor impulse control,
forgetfulness and distractibility. This means that they aren’t fully able to
sit still for long amount of times, and sometimes it means that they need to
constantly move. Not only do they deal with hyperactivity, but they also deal
with poor impulse control, meaning they tend to act out without a thought and
can come off as rude and dangerous. Sometimes it’s hard to know which kids have
ADHD and which kids don’t, mostly because all kids exhibit some of these
symptoms, such as daydreaming and restlessness. True symptoms of this disorder,
are long term and are severe enough where it affects someone’s everyday life.
In children, these symptoms mostly interfere with family and school success,
which in turn later in life affects both work and family functions.

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with ADHD have behavior problems that are so frequent and that they interfere
with their ability to live normal lives. Children tend to have a hard time
getting along with other students at school, and with their siblings either at
home, school, and every other setting. Due to children having ADHD, they are
mostly believed to be bad kids because they have a hard time of controlling
themselves, which can lead to lifelong challenges if left untreated. These challenges
range from trouble in school, failed relationships, and substance abuse.  However, children who show the symptoms of
ADHD, may not even have it and might be reacting to stress at home or school. A
child with inattention exhibits the following behavior, doesn’t seem to listen,
daydreams, loses and forgets things, and tends to be disorganized. Along with
this they also show signs of hyperactivity, from talking too much, fidgeting,
and they cannot remain seated. They also show signs of being impulsive such as,
interrupting others, has trouble taking turns, and they can act and speak
without thinking. Adults also tend to have the same symptoms, if they haven’t
grown out of it.

is not just a childhood disorder. Although the symptoms of ADHD begin in childhood,
ADHD can continue through adolescence and adulthood. Adults with ADHD, tend to
act the same way that children with this disorder do and it can also affect
them in the same ways. It’s hard for them to have functioning family or social
relationships, which can lead to them having trouble paying attention at their
jobs, or just normal everyday activities. “Adults with ADHD are more likely to
be dismissed from employment and have often tried a number of jobs before being
able to find one at which they can succeed.” {Harpin, 2005)  In early adulthood, ADHD may be associated
with depression, mood or conduct disorders and substance abuse. This disorder
doesn’t just effect people who has it, but it also effects those around them
especially when it comes to family and friends.

most disorders, ADHD doesn’t only effect those who have it, but the people who
are close with them are also affected. Children tend to have low self-esteem,
and be rejected by their peers because of the disorder, even if the school is
trying to able kids with ADHD to succeed. Family is the most affected with this
because “Parents may find that family members refuse to care for the child, and
that other children do not invite them to parties or out to play.” (Harpin,
2005). Parents also don’t have much time to spend by themselves, as they need
to constantly watch the child when their awake. It’s not that surprising, when
family relationships appear to be a severely strained, which in turn will cause
the child to act out in aggression, sadness or oppositional behaviors. Siblings
of children with ADHD, are expected to care and watch over the child, because
of how socially immature they are. The siblings also tend to feel like victims
to their sibling, since the child with ADHD shows physical violence, and verbal
aggression which tends to scare them. It’s also been expressed that these
siblings feel worried, anxious, and sad due to the ADHD symptoms. As the
children grow up into their teen years, more parent- child conflicts have
surfaced since the child tends to act out more, because they don’t want to
listen to their parents or respect their rules. Teenagers with ADHD, tend to
have a lack of friendships because of how they act. Adults with ADHD tend to
have the same issues as children and teenagers do, when it comes to family and

with adults who have ADHD, are hard to be kept and it leads to more breakups
and relationship difficulties. It’s also known that parents who have this
disorder, can have children who would share the same disorder. This can lead to
more hardships in the long run, between the parent and child than it would if
only the child had ADHD. Adults with ADHD tend to have a hard time keeping
their friendships, since they don’t have good impulse control as people who
don’t have this disorder, and tend to say what they are thinking which at times
can be a bit hurtful.

with ADHD, can also have other disorders with it, which can also make it a bit
harder for everyday activities. Some of these disorders, include bipolar and
aspergers. ADHD and aspergers, tend to over lap each other since they both have
similar symptoms from difficulty to sit still, and the ability to focus. This
can lead to doctors just diagnosing children with ADHD, instead of both because
of this. People who have both disorder, tend to be intelligent but also have a
difficult time managing everything they need to do. They also have a hard time
with communicating, and their speech development might be a bit delayed. Along
with this, they also tend to want to do what they like instead of branching off
into doing other activities.  Typically, children
with AS tend to “Have a hard time reading other people or understanding humor.”
(Costello, 2017). Aspergers isn’t the only disorder that overlaps with ADHD, bipolar
disorder tends to be misdiagnosed because of this.

            BMD, which
stands for bipolar mood disorder and ADHD tend to overlap, which makes it complicated
to diagnosed if it’s one or the other or both. “It’s estimated that as many as
20 percent of those diagnosed with ADHD also suffer from a mood disorder on the
bipolar spectrum” (Dodson, 2017). That’s why it’s crucial that people with both
disorders are diagnosed correctly, so they could be treated for both instead of
one. If you treat one, but didn’t treat the other that means it can still cause
stress in everyday life, which it turn would affect those who surround the person
with these disorders. 

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