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    Achieving justice and equality for all Canadians has been a difficult and challenging task, especially for women, Jewish people, and First Nations people, however, there is no guarantee that all problems will just magically disappear. It takes a large amount of time and effort to go to a better place.    In the past, women have always stood by men as committed supporters and companions, but no one ever asked women what they really wanted to do. Everyone was assigned gender roles and women were to take care of the children and do housework like cooking and cleaning, while men got to go out and live their lives to the fullest. For centuries, women have not been treated equally or with the respect that men have been given. “Women are persons in matters of pains and penalties, but are not persons in matters of rights and privileges” (British Court Ruling, 1876). Some women abode the gender roles and continued the daily and repetitive routine, while others longed for a more captivating lifestyle. Many people argued that a woman’s place is the home and that married women should not have the right to vote because it would just double the number of married men. In the 1920’s, there was a women’s activist group called the Famous Five, who fought for women’s rights and equality. An event called the Pink Teas was created by the group where women could escape their tedious lifestyles for a few hours and discuss politics and important issues with other women who felt the same.  These women were the foundation of how the views of women were forever changed.     Despite where we are today, there was extreme discrimination towards Jewish people around the period that the anti-Semitic Adolf Hitler was elected. Countless wars and enemies were made with Germany after this election and many feared Hitler’s future actions. Hitler saw the Jewish as a threat to the German racial purity and created a plan that would finally separate them so the Aryan race could continue to grow. He had almost all of Europe in the palm of his hand, but the Allied forces would not allow him to continue any further. Hitler started off by taking as many Jews out of their homes as he could, and he sold all their items and belongings. Evidently, Hitler made it to his master plan where he rounded up a little over one million Jews and sent them to Auschwitz, a concentration camp, where they would either do forced labour, or they were sent to their deaths. Although Hitler seemed to rule all of Germany, he wanted to rule a larger part of the world. He wanted to collect Jews from all around the world including Canada but was in successful because, on August 1933, a group of German men revealed a swastika flag at a baseball game that leads to a fight between the Germans and the Jews that lasted for six hours. Some supporters of the Harbord Playground team that were mostly Jewish men ran straight for the Germans and the riot started. People looked around for any weapons in sight, and continued their fight for six hours. In the summer of 1933, anti-Semitism was beginning to take on a much more confrontational and visual nature. There were new groups called swastika clubs where you would see young men walking down the boardwalk wearing swastika symbols on their bathing suits and shirts, patrolling for what they called “undesirables.” Jews in Toronto in 1933 were being fed daily reports of what was happening to their fellow Jews in Germany (Bitonti, 2013). At the time, mayor William James Stewart was forced to intervene to prevent further conflict, negotiating with the clubs to abandon the symbol. Four days later the Christie Pits Riot had followed and brought Ontario back to square one. Eventually, Hitler’s plans were foiled and Jews were allowed to escape the death camps with their lives. In an effort to punish the villains that were so cruel towards the Jews, the Allies held the Nuremberg Trials and brought the Nazis to their end.  This is a historical moment that has changed our future and shows how we are one step closer to equality.     Not long ago, in 1996, the last residential school for aboriginal children was closed, however, significant damage had already been done to several generations. Residential schools were religious schools that were funded by the government for Indigenous children to absorb and integrate into the European-Canadian culture. Residential schools caused several long-term problems for them. Aboriginal children were forced out of their homes and were placed in residential schools where they faced terrible fates such as malnourishment, inadequate clothing, and more. As students were under and malnourished, they were more likely to get diseases such as tuberculosis, influenza, and possibly the Spanish flu. Former students have pressed for recognition and restoration which led to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement in 2007. A formal public apology was made by the former Prime Minister Stephen Harper. One small action can and will lead to prosperity for all Canadians.    Justice and equality for all Canadians can be achieved if everyone accepts responsibility for their actions and believes that they can create and safer and healthier community.

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