AccuracyAccuracy is vital to anyone who works as a news provider. News providers have to ensure that the audience has trust in their stories, so if they constantly make mistakes and provide the wrong information, the audiences patience will eventually wear thin and their interest in the provider will fade, which would ruin the reputation of the news provider. An example of this is if you’re reporting live on a breaking news story and you are interviewing any eye-witnesses’, you have to remember that some people may not remember all the events as they took place and will often exaggerate or even make things up to provide an interesting story. You must ensure that all that is said is not wrong information and will not lead to you being the person who provides the wrongful information to the audience. BalanceBalance means to keep a factual TV programme fair to both sides of the topic it’s discussing, as there are always two sides to a story. You have to ensure that the information told to the viewers should be correct, fair and equal.
It is important to keep a balance on views and investigate to find information for both sides of the story. Ensuring that both sides of an argument are shown in a factual TV programme is vital as it prevents a certain opinion being glorified to a viewer, making them believe what they’re told without knowing all the facts from both sides. An example of this is if you were to do a show on drugs amongst teenagers and throughout the show you used accurate information, statistics and facts that shown the good and bad effects of drugs then went on to the conclusion where you became biased towards drugs being negative and affecting teenagers badly it would be acceptable providing you had the knowledge and information to back up the points you make.ImpartialityImpartiality means to view both sides and opinions equally, to not take sides or make your own personal judgement. It doesn’t mean that things will always be fair and it doesn’t prevent reporting fair judgements that have a lot of evidence backing them up. An example of a factual TV programme that views both sides of an argument equally is ‘Supersize vs Superskinny’ during that show the presenter discusses how bad both guests diet’s are, one who overeats massively and one who under eats massively.
The show then progresses to switch the diets of the guests for a week in order to show that they don’t need to live on their current diet and that it can be changed for their benefit. Even though the show does mention how bad takeaways and fatty foods are it also shows how bad under eating or just eating a certain food group can be.ObjectivityObjectivity is to see the whole truth, using evidence and facts and to be fair about it.
This means that the reporter or presenter has to show fair views from both sides of an argument so they don’t appear to be biased; this also allows them to have different ideas and explore different opinions. To achieve objectivity firstly you have to be able to stall your judgement whilst looking at all of the facts. A good example of this issue being addressed properly is from a documentary called ‘Cannabis; What’s the harm?’ the presenter admits to smoking when he was younger instantly letting the viewers know he won’t be as biased as they make think. He then proceeds to talk directly about the positive effects of marijuana and just how common it is to be grown and smoked illegally. He shows impressive facts, statistics, interviews with daily smokers who have successful lives, basically suggesting there’s nothing wrong with marijuana. However, he then goes onto to talk about the darker side of smoking marijuana, he looks into the negative effects, the negative facts and the lives ruined by marijuana. Towards the end of the show, after stalling his judgement he speaks about how he thinks that, if enjoyed responsibly there’s nothing wrong with smoking marijuana and believes the laws should be revised, so telling all the negative effects and stories of turmoil may have seemed a bit unfair to him and his opinion, but he was persistent and fair which made him a good presenter.
SubjectivitySubjectivity is the term given to your opinion or judgement you make whilst discussing a certain topic and is basically the opposite of objectively.OpinionWhen the producer wants to use opinions to help show the viewers what members of the public think it is important they choose a wide variety of people from different walks of life to ensure that the answers and opinions they get will be as widespread and as different as possible. It is important to keep a balance whilst showing opinions. This is vital when it comes to keeping an argument fair because if you show too many opinions stating they agree with an argument it will make the show seem biased towards that, which is something you try to prevent if you wish to keep a discussion fair. Presenters shouldn’t mention their opinion as it can make viewers believe they’re being biased. BiasDuring a factual TV programme it is important that the producer looks at different opinions, views and facts and focuses equally on both concepts. It’s often easy for someone to become biased especially if they feel there is no room for another argument to pose, however presenters have to be careful not to make biased statements or judgements as it can offend some viewers.
Representation (that’s a huge area?)Representation means how something is constantly portrayed or the stereotype of a certain thing. You have to be careful not to stereotype anything during a factual programme as this can lead to some information being wrong. AccessTo begin making your documentary and filming where necessary you need to firstly obtain permission. If permission is not obtained lawsuits can be filed and your programme won’t be complete. You also need to make sure you have access to the correct resources that will supply you with vital information.PrivacyPrivacy is an issue in factual TV programming because everyone has a right to be in a state of being free from the public attention, however the media have a right to a freedom of expression and often argue that they should be able to produce anything they believe is in the public’s best interest. Sometimes journalists will be asked not to approach or ask questions on suspects if they feel that any answers they may give could potentially aggravate an investigation. An example of this is the News Of The World were part of a phone hacking scandal where they gained illegal access into a missing girl’s voicemail, listening to her messages and collecting information they would later turn into a report.
They continuously came up with new stories for their newspapers and reporters and no one knew or could understand where they were getting such precise information from. Family members were suggesting someone was corrupt and were selling the press information. The News Of The World then went as far as deleting messages from her voicemail that were blocking new messages from coming through, leading the police to believe she was still alive and putting a false sense of hope in the family. Eventually, after intense investigations the employees at the News of The World was caught out and the suspects were eventually arrested.Contract with the viewer/mode of addressThe contract with the viewer is an unwritten rule that means if you state your show is factual and interesting and then describe what your show is about you have made a pact with your viewers to supply them with the information you said you would as well as it being precise, accurate and interesting.What is “Fake News”?”Fake News” is the term used to describe stories that are false but appear to be real, and are then spread on the internet and social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter. These “Fake News” are usually made to influence political views or used as a joke.