Acculturation:Acculturation means cultural modification of an individual group, or people byadapting to or borrowing traits from another culture.
In other words it meanssimply adjusting and adapting oneself to the conditions prevailing. “Theprocess of acculturation is a slow one – sided (the minority seekingintegration with the majority) one and is not without a sense of loss andexile. It is not a clear transformation, it gives rise to hybridity markingdifferent stages of acculturation” – Malik 156.Most characters tend toalways struggle for acculturation in Indian novels. The protagonists of thenovel are lead to alienation, frustration, sequestration, segregation and questfor identity. In Indian novels there are abundant characters. These charactersare always prevalent in the works of expatriate writers like Bharati Mukerjee,Amitav Ghosh, Kiran Desai, Anitha Desai, Jumpha Lahiri.
A cross – culturalcondition erupts when the people of two or more cultural groups come in closercontacts. What they bring nearer, along with some other notions is theirwillingness in parting with their much sustained totality of heritage, habits,customs. Even if these groups predispose, they cannot merge the divergentcultural identities. This chiefly occurs due to the individual’s strongindigenous psycho – cultural background, which puts them at the social crossroads.Jhumpa Lahiri is aPulitzer Prize-winning author known for works of fiction like Interpreter ofMaladies, The Namesake, Unaccustomed Earth and The Lowland. Jhumpa Lahiri is anIndian – American author who was born as Nilanjana Sudeshna Lahiri in London onJuly 11, 1967, to Bengali parentage, author Jhumpa Lahiri published her debutin 1999, Interpreter of Maladies,winning the Pulitzer Prize.
She followed up in 2003 with her first novel, The Namesake, and returned to shortstories with the No. 1 New York Timesbest-seller Unaccustomed Earth.Lahiri’s 2013 novel, The Lowland,was partially inspired by real-world political events.With the familynickname, “Jhumpa,” coming to be used by school teachers, Lahiri wenton to attend Barnard College in New York, focusing on English literature. She readat Boston University and obtained three master’s degrees in Literature. JhumpaLahiri also completed a Doctrate in Renaissance.
“The Lowland” is Lahiri’s second novel after “TheNamesake” and is considered to be her fourth book. It is a multi–generationaltale that stretches almost five decades between Tollygunge and Rhode Island. JhumpaLahiri in this novel deals with migration, dislocation and relocation, theconsequences of displacements and cross cultural encounters. The Pultizer awardwinner novelist, has brought out Post Colonial concerns of identity and culturein”TheLowland” and the novel was shortlisted for the National Book Award in 2013, theMan Booker Prize 2013and the Bailey’s Women’s Prize for fiction 2014.