Abstract Thisreported is entitled to ‘Food process and its relation to industrial developmentin Kurdistan region’.
The main objective is to analyze the government rule inproviding Jobs in food industry sectors. Its aim is to purpose ideas andsuggestions about food processing to contribute in providing job opportunitiesand contribute in economic stability for a prosperous, diversified, and robusteconomy in Kurdistan region.Alsothe explanation of obstacles and problem that are preventing food industrialdevelopment of Kurdistan region and the potential opportunities that may beexisted with proper plans and management, explaining the rule of planning andplanners in food sector and their conflicts with the political parties. Andfinally suggesting recommendations related to government role for propereconomic stability and sufficient food industry.
Introduction Food processing is the set ofprocedures used for transformation of row ingredients, by physical or chemical means into food, or of food intoother forms for consumption by human or animals either in the home or by foodprocessing industry. Food processing typically takes, clean and harvested cropsor butchered animal products and use these products to produce attractive,marketable and even long shelf life food products.Food process sector is a massivesector of industry that makes an important influence to the economies ofregional areas over employment, business and service opportunities.
Food processing the main aim wasprotection to preserve a supply of healthful, nutrient food during the year andin particular to maintain it for starving periods. It has a significant role infood production series and well-being of the population, nearly all food istreated in some way before it is eaten. Commercially, the main reasons toprocess food are to remove micro-organisms (which may cause sickness) and tostretch shelf life.
The food sector is considered one ofthe main sectors in the economy of each country , that has huge impact toemployment, investments, and business and considers main trends in technicalprocesses, major requires in marketing, allocation, and structure, and inregulation that needs level implications of social, economic, technological,and institutional forces for specified food processing industriesasit is one of the basic and important industries that contribute efficiently tothe provision of food to the human being, and works to succeed the highestself-sufficiency of food products. The development of the food industry sectoris concerning to the development of the agricultural sector Animal feed as themain source of raw materials for the food industry as well as its interconnectionwith main industrial sections such as the production of paper, plastic andglass containers, aluminum foil and packaging materials of all types, as wellas transport and communications sectors and others. Foodprocessing industry in Kurdistan:Thepopulation of of Kurdistan is 5 million and 472 thousand and 436 citizens, andit is projected that the total will reach by 2020 by six million and 171thousand people, and with the rapid increase of population growth, the rapid need for food and agriculturalincreases directly.
90% of the food in the KurdistanRegion is imported from Turki ,The region was once the bread basket of Iraq, well-knownfor its high quality wheat. Turkey which is Kurdistan’s strongest trade partnerand Iran is followed, about $7 billion worth of goods into Kurdistan regionwere imprted between (2004-2016) the Kurdistan Region, the majority of it was food.Theregion only produces fifth of its red meat and a quarter of its poultry andeven then the food is imported, while it does not export any of its products toother countries Problemof the study:TheKurdistan Region has total the essentials needed to become self-supportingregion. It has the power, capability, land and temperature requested to producefood products, but the problem is the shortage of the budget committed to the KurdistanRegion Government and the continuing economic crisis has desiccated any optimismfor funding to come from the government that can help farmers or investors toproduce food productions. It lacks of the planning and encouragement from thegovernment.
Withthe right planning and management Kurdistan can easily become self-sufficientand establish a solid food security if it assigns a better financial plan forthe food sector and even make it a major contributor to the economy. Aimof the study:Thisstudy is aimed to purpose ideas and suggestions about food processing tocontribute in providing job opportunities and contribute in economic stabilityfor a successful, diversified, and robust economy in Kurdistan region.Mainbody: Ruleof planning in Food process and industry:Planning detects that access tohealthy, sustainable and justifiable food is a vital part of succeeding livablecommunities, it tries to address the conflicts between public health, planningand economic, and environmental sustainability, and make sure that theenvironment is suitable for people to meet their needs. Planning seek andaddress factors that have either trends or opportunities that could createplaces for people, so they can have accessibility to a healthy and viable foodin environments.
Planning and planners address the approaches, alternatives andinterventions that are essential to transorml to a more sustainable and sufficientfood system and ensure people can meet their food needs into the future thatsupport people and economic sustainability. Plannersas advocates:Planners will not only improve the livability of our cities,they work as advocates and assertion, they offer practical samples of whatcould and should be done to make our region more food productive, healthier, morejust and more equitable places to live. they try to fill a gap which existsbetween the current system of our region and the need for better and moresustainable food systems. They make sure it sufficiently is produced,protected, transported, processed, marketed, accessed, regulated, consumed andwasted, they try to contribute it to the growth of economy and providing jobs.Planners try to satisfy theaudience needs equally, whether they are governments, higher authorities, policymakers, or community members in every levels or even elected representatives. Planningand politics conflict:Plannersare usually advised or advocated on the sequences that will eventually to bedecided by a wider elected representative or wider authorities. In the endthese elected representatives are responsible for the final decisions, plannersmust response their voters decisions. Even id the the voters do not encourage onthe need for food planning, there may not be the political will to pursue itthrough their final decisions, regardless of what planners advise.
This isespecially the case when the opportunity cost is felt or has an immediateeffect the planned area. Result & Discussion Food security is like nationalsecurity, it has an impact on most of the sectors of the region (Economy,health , social, employment environmental, etc. ) Development of the foodindustry sector is vital to theRegion’s growth and development, andcan placed a high priority on creating an environment that attracts local andforeign investment and where businesses can thrive despite the obstacles that obstructthe development of food production which include technical, environmental,social, political, and economic in Kurdistan, our Region has a moderate climateand, if managed properly, water resources, and an abundance of agriculturalland that can, once did, and will support a thriving agricultural sector. Wecan once again be both a major food and agricultural producer and exporter ofwheat, vegetables, fruit, meat, dairy, and poultry in the wider region andbeyond. Much of our agriculture has reemerged.
We produce tomatoes, eggplant,cucumbers, onions, watermelon, peppers, and many other fruits and vegetables.We herd cattle and sheep and keep flocks of chickens. Our wild honey and Hawleryogurt are well-known for their special flavor.Wehave further opportunities for growing food industry that may help provide a largeamount of job opportunities for the population of Kurdistan region and developexport potentiality and taking advantage of these ingredients with the help oflocal government by giving loans and finance and establishment of work programswill not only benefit the stakeholders but the region within all economicsector as a whole.Thebasic benefits of a proper food processing includes:Ø Confirms food security and wellbeing.
Ø Enables economic developments & employment.Ø Develops efficiency through value chain by benefiting farmers,processors and consumers.Ø Reduces unemployment and poverty.Ø Enhances export competitive.Ø Increases food loss prevention and protection.Ø Offers long shelf-life for consumers.
Ø Creates self-independent region. Ø Improve productivity, quality, profitability and customer loyalty. Recommendation1.
Landownership. There are land ownership matters that must be determined to supportthe creation of large farms for wider sufficient productivities. 2. PolicyPriorities: policy priorities and government should support and struggles to recoverand grow agriculture and animal products to improve their food productivity, focusingon the following policy priorities: Ø Improving the skills of our farmers by training courses.Ø Improving the investment environment for agriculture and animalindustry.Ø Actions for opening, running, and closing a business.
Ø Implement legal reforms to allow larger farms that can benefitbetter from technology and diversify productionØ Emerging the export potential.Ø Advancing greater openness to the international economy.Ø Promoting privatization and strengthening private sectorparticipation for a better economy. 3. Effectiveand Honest Government Our Government must focus on those tasks that the Government canonly do by providing law and order, establishing and implementing reasonableand necessary laws and regulations, working with development organizations andexperts from around the world to improve the way people work. It must advance government’shonesty, transparency, proficiency and corruption-freeness, and accomplish allits responsibilities fairly and efficiently to offer more successful investments 4. Establishmentof special zones for the food industry: In order to attract more investments,the development of full-service industrial parks, which can serve as specialeconomic development zones, should be pursued with the completion of highlevels of services, including the Internet, banking and business-friendlyregulations .
New areas for the development of food industries should beestablished in villages where most farms (agricultural land and animal farms)are available. Should re-focus on the temptation of people to employ and trainlocal workers, connect with local firms, attract industries that help regionaland global markets 5. Fairaccessibility to healthy food where people live and work is important to accomplishingand maintaining health and sustainability, and reducing transport costs. 6. Kurdistanhas paid 7 billion dollars for importing fruits and vegetables from Turki andIran. While it should have been exporting worth of 7 billion dollars.
Mismanagementand corruption is determining institutions and economy. Its time to dosomething about our own situation and build a trustworthy and independentKurdistan at all levels. Conclusion Food industrydevelopment is essential for security for the people of the Kurdistan Region,economic affluence for farmers, and prosperity through the export of ouragricultural and food products.Kurdistan oncewas the basket of Iraq where all of Iraq was living on its products ( Wheat,meat vegetables and fruits, etc). but since 1980s the regime was demolished bySaddam Hussein cleared more than 4,000 villages to suppress dissent in therestive rural region, where thousands of farms were destroyed and until now theunstable condition of the region and shortage of government budget that arehuge obstacles of developing food industry and investments to improve theeconomic situation of Kurdistan. Instead of producing and exporting Kurdistanspend more than 7 billion dollars on importing goods and vegetables from Turkiand Iran in one decade. 90% of goods and vegetables are imported from Iran andTurki, and the other 10% is produced in farms and is being sold to markets andgroceries.
Our government withinintegration of planning should put the people of Kurdistan principal in theiractions and policies. they should provideprogram for improving the lives of our people includes a coordinated set ofpolicies that will elevate the quality of life in the Kurdistan Region.