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Abstract:

Internet
which is a boon to every citizen in a country has created a revolution in every
industry across the globe. The music industry has witnessed wide range of changes
at the end of twenty century. Digital piracy is a hindrance to the
growth of music industry and has changed the landscape of the music industry
forever. This paper discusses the methods of piracy used by young population,
the impact it has caused to the music industry and the attitude of the users.

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 Keywords: Piracy, File sharing, Digital
Ripping, Peer-to-Peer

1.      Introduction:

Music is always
around us whether or not we tend to adore it.  It has become a tool for relieving stress and
tension and has become a part of our life. People tend to use it as a tool to relax and is a
subconscious buying tool in shops. About 25% of the lifetime of westerners are
spent in registering, monitoring and decoding music 6. It
has been accepted as ‘Lingua franca” among most of the world’s youth
population. Since the late Nineties,
the music trade has been undergoing a amount of serious and crisis-ridden changes. This era was launched and
driven forward by a brand
new set of technologies:
digitalization, data compression and the Internet.

Piracy as the word means is a deliberate
violation of copyright of a person’s original work  on a commercial scale.
Every year it has been noticed that there is a decline in the sale of physical
albums due to online music piracy 2. According to Several studies 7,8, 4,
5  there is a negative correlation
between physical album sales and online music piracy, and they attribute the
decline of physical album sales to the increase in online music piracy. The
remainder of the paper is organised as follows

Section
2 deals with a brief discussion on methods of piracy, section 3 discusses about
the effect of piracy on the industry and section 4 deals with the conclusion.

2.     
Methods
of Piracy

The
following are the methods of Piracy which are adopted by users and consumers
all over the globe.

1.      Digital
piracy

2.      Peer-to-Peer

3.      Lan area Network (LAN) file sharing

4.      Digital Ripping

 

Digital
piracy

The record companies face barrier
in their growth and investment due to the digital piracy. According to the International Federation of the
Phonographic Industry (IFPI) , a number of unauthorised information are
being downloaded by users across the globe which amount to about 28 percent of
the global internet user population. According to Universal which is one of the
giants in the music industry , the significance to curb digital piracy is
increasing to a greater extent as it hinders the distribution and growth of the
industry to a larger extent.

Peer-to-Peer

According to
the (British Phonographic Industry), P2P enables computers
to be connected over the internet to enable transfer of files between them
directly. P2P became identified worldwide through the employment of file sharing
systems and applications which includes the Napster and Kazaa used in the late 1990
and 2000. An unidentified environment of networks is created by P2P to share
files 3. Napster which was prosecuted for using P2P,
originally initiated P2P by creating a centralised search facility for files.
In this search multiple clients are being connected to a single server as shown
in the figure 1 below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig 1. Centralised Model according
to Napster

In
this centralised model, a client will request information from the server and
the information obtained will not be shared among its other parties. Since
Napster was sued in 2001, a number of sites started P2P models as shown in
figure 2. In this decentralised
model, every client acts as hub for other clients in the network thereby removing
the need of a central hub.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                          Figure 2.  P2P decentralized exchange Model
(Gigatribe.com)

Local
area Network (LAN) file sharing

 A LAN is a type of network that makes computers to communicate between
each other within a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory,
or office building using network media. This type of connection is extremely
useful in buildings having a large number of computers used by a relatively
fair number of young population with fast internet speeds 1.

Digital
Ripping

Ripping is a process in which the digital audio data
which is stored in a particular format is converted in to another format for
sharing purposes. For example, the data stored in a CD can be converted to MP3
format which can be used for sharing among users at a later time. This method
of sharing is useful if the user needs to replicate the files.

3.      Effects
of piracy on the Music Industry

Illegal downloading or piracy has prompted the music
industry to have much less investment alternatives and possibilities to recruit
and increase new expertise. Recording companies at the moment are pressured to
fund on proven artists. As a result, new talents face a more difficult time and
have to look for outlets to create and sell music on their own, which includes
promoting it off directly on line. Recording companies usually pay advance
amount to the artists and when the album sales hit a peak, they are able to
recover the advance amount paid. As the music sales decrease, record companies are forced to
offer fewer and lower advances.. When a
work of an artist is illegally downloaded neither the artist nor the recording
company is able to make money due to decrease in sales of the music album which
leads to the death of this industry.

 

4.      Conclusion

At
the end of it all, unluckily illegal music sharing is something that is still
going to continue, People will always choose to go for the cheapest option
available.  Also, with the involvement of common search engines, it will
remain an undeniable practice. What the music industry can depend on now are
services such as Spotify, Tidal and Apple music who are finding flexible and
creative ways to deal with this problem.Abstract:

Internet
which is a boon to every citizen in a country has created a revolution in every
industry across the globe. The music industry has witnessed wide range of changes
at the end of twenty century. Digital piracy is a hindrance to the
growth of music industry and has changed the landscape of the music industry
forever. This paper discusses the methods of piracy used by young population,
the impact it has caused to the music industry and the attitude of the users.

 Keywords: Piracy, File sharing, Digital
Ripping, Peer-to-Peer

1.      Introduction:

Music is always
around us whether or not we tend to adore it.  It has become a tool for relieving stress and
tension and has become a part of our life. People tend to use it as a tool to relax and is a
subconscious buying tool in shops. About 25% of the lifetime of westerners are
spent in registering, monitoring and decoding music 6. It
has been accepted as ‘Lingua franca” among most of the world’s youth
population. Since the late Nineties,
the music trade has been undergoing a amount of serious and crisis-ridden changes. This era was launched and
driven forward by a brand
new set of technologies:
digitalization, data compression and the Internet.

Piracy as the word means is a deliberate
violation of copyright of a person’s original work  on a commercial scale.
Every year it has been noticed that there is a decline in the sale of physical
albums due to online music piracy 2. According to Several studies 7,8, 4,
5  there is a negative correlation
between physical album sales and online music piracy, and they attribute the
decline of physical album sales to the increase in online music piracy. The
remainder of the paper is organised as follows

Section
2 deals with a brief discussion on methods of piracy, section 3 discusses about
the effect of piracy on the industry and section 4 deals with the conclusion.

2.     
Methods
of Piracy

The
following are the methods of Piracy which are adopted by users and consumers
all over the globe.

1.      Digital
piracy

2.      Peer-to-Peer

3.      Lan area Network (LAN) file sharing

4.      Digital Ripping

 

Digital
piracy

The record companies face barrier
in their growth and investment due to the digital piracy. According to the International Federation of the
Phonographic Industry (IFPI) , a number of unauthorised information are
being downloaded by users across the globe which amount to about 28 percent of
the global internet user population. According to Universal which is one of the
giants in the music industry , the significance to curb digital piracy is
increasing to a greater extent as it hinders the distribution and growth of the
industry to a larger extent.

Peer-to-Peer

According to
the (British Phonographic Industry), P2P enables computers
to be connected over the internet to enable transfer of files between them
directly. P2P became identified worldwide through the employment of file sharing
systems and applications which includes the Napster and Kazaa used in the late 1990
and 2000. An unidentified environment of networks is created by P2P to share
files 3. Napster which was prosecuted for using P2P,
originally initiated P2P by creating a centralised search facility for files.
In this search multiple clients are being connected to a single server as shown
in the figure 1 below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig 1. Centralised Model according
to Napster

In
this centralised model, a client will request information from the server and
the information obtained will not be shared among its other parties. Since
Napster was sued in 2001, a number of sites started P2P models as shown in
figure 2. In this decentralised
model, every client acts as hub for other clients in the network thereby removing
the need of a central hub.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                          Figure 2.  P2P decentralized exchange Model
(Gigatribe.com)

Local
area Network (LAN) file sharing

 A LAN is a type of network that makes computers to communicate between
each other within a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory,
or office building using network media. This type of connection is extremely
useful in buildings having a large number of computers used by a relatively
fair number of young population with fast internet speeds 1.

Digital
Ripping

Ripping is a process in which the digital audio data
which is stored in a particular format is converted in to another format for
sharing purposes. For example, the data stored in a CD can be converted to MP3
format which can be used for sharing among users at a later time. This method
of sharing is useful if the user needs to replicate the files.

3.      Effects
of piracy on the Music Industry

Illegal downloading or piracy has prompted the music
industry to have much less investment alternatives and possibilities to recruit
and increase new expertise. Recording companies at the moment are pressured to
fund on proven artists. As a result, new talents face a more difficult time and
have to look for outlets to create and sell music on their own, which includes
promoting it off directly on line. Recording companies usually pay advance
amount to the artists and when the album sales hit a peak, they are able to
recover the advance amount paid. As the music sales decrease, record companies are forced to
offer fewer and lower advances.. When a
work of an artist is illegally downloaded neither the artist nor the recording
company is able to make money due to decrease in sales of the music album which
leads to the death of this industry.

 

4.      Conclusion

At
the end of it all, unluckily illegal music sharing is something that is still
going to continue, People will always choose to go for the cheapest option
available.  Also, with the involvement of common search engines, it will
remain an undeniable practice. What the music industry can depend on now are
services such as Spotify, Tidal and Apple music who are finding flexible and
creative ways to deal with this problem.

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