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Abraham LincolnBy Stewart TankersleyMany people might recognize Abraham Lincoln as just the sixteenth president of the United States, but there is much more to his story than just that. Abraham Lincoln was born in Hodgenville, Kentucky on February 12, 1809. In 1830, he moved to Illinois and joined the legislature there in 1834. He married Mary Todd     Lincoln in 1842 and was elected to the House of Representatives in 1846. Unfortunately, he was sworn in as president on March 4, 1861. His election ultimately led to us (the Confederacy) losing. He was the first president to order a military draft. We were demolishing the North until Lincoln made one move: the commissioning of Ulysses S. Grant. Grant took control of the Union forces and began his prominent career where he starved the South at the Battle of Vicksburg. Lincoln started to slowly twist the dagger by establishing the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, which allowed tons of slaves to become free. This led to the South having no other options but to surrender in 1865. After our crushing defeat, Lincoln did not stop there, so he became influential in the passing of the 13th amendment. Lincoln was seen to many as a slave savior and helped our country come back together as a United States. His legacy will be remembered and is till leaving an impact on many to this day.First Battle of Bull RunBy Stewart TankersleyThe First Battle of Bull Run was one of the first major battles of the Civil War. It was fought on July 21, 1861 in Virginia about 25 miles west of Washington D.C. It was caused by a demanding march of the Union in which they were going to march to the capital of the Confederates, Richmond. Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell led his troops planning for a surprise attack, but Brig. Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard sniffed out the attack, leading to a ready Confederate army. Many Confederate reinforcements arrived on the spot with many generals such as Thomas J. Jackson. This battle is where Jackson was famous for not budging from his position therefore receiving the infamous name of “Stonewall Jackson”. With this, the Confederates led a strong attack, leading to Union retreat and chaos. The Confederates ended up winning this key battle of the war, which gave them momentum and put themselves on the French map The Union ended up suffering about 3,000 casualties while the South only had about 2,000. This was one of the first major battles for both sides. After the battle, both sides realized how much bloodier the war would be from all of the deaths.Diplomacy/Foreign PolicyBy:Stewart TankersleyDiplomacy played one of the biggest roles in the Civil War. Many people do not realize it, but because of it, the Union won the war.The whole world sat back and enjoyed the Civil War as it pretty much weakened America as a whole. The Confederacy had grabbed the attention of some of the main European powers such as Great Britain and France. These countries were eager to jump in, believing that A Confederate win would weaken the U.S. The South gained the interest of both of these countries when they showed very strong performances in early battles such as those at Bull Run and Fredericksburg. Britain was also in full support for the South because of the generous amount of cotton used for industry in Britain. Unfortunately the North kept listing the possible dangers to the European colonies. The North did everything in their power to keep Great Britain and France out of the war and did it effectively. The diplomacy of the Union ultimately led to their victory and keeping the United States as one. This was how essential foreign policy was with other countries in the Civil War.Minorities in the WarBy Stewart TankersleyMany people viewed us, the South (Confederacy) as all white and racist. While that was the majority, there were actually many African-Americans too. The primary reason for slaves in the war was to tend to their master. They stayed in the camps to supply their needs. Some of them also replaced their masters in the line of duty. Historians believe this was the case because the slave owners feared they might be wounded or killed. There were also many reports of black regiments in the South with slaves mainly from South Carolina and Tennessee. In 1865, Congress passed a law saying that black slaves would be free if they enrolled in the Confederate army. The Union also used African Americans for their benefit as well. They were put as railroad guards and were used to cook for the soldiers. They also were used to spy on the Confederacy. After Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, the Bureau of Colored Troops was put in place so that blacks could enlist in the army. This is how many African Americans helped contribute in the Civil War.Causes of the Civil War – Part 1By Stewart TankersleyAlthough there were many causes of the Civil War, the most prevalent cause was slavery. People in the North believed that slavery was inherently evil and inhumane, but the South disagreed, believing that slaves were property and leaving all possible work on the plantations, up to them. This then led to the great Abolitionists Movement as many people started to view slavery as evil thanks to people such as Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, and Harriet Beecher Stowe. The next cause of the war was the new expansion throughout the U.S. This caused new states to have to choose between the Union and Confederacy, which only caused for hate and strive between the two. Another conflict was Bleeding Kansas. This pretty much was the spark of the war in which physical fighting is concerned. The spark was fueled by the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, which allowed people living in Kansas to vote on being a free or slave state. This caused many scuffles where people were killed, giving the name Bleeding Kansas. Although the conflict, Kansas did become a free state in 1861. We hope you enjoyed part one of the causes of the war section.The Election of 1860By:Stewart TankersleyThe Election of 1860 was a presidential election between Abraham Lincoln, John Breckinridge, John Bell, and Stephen A. Douglas. Lincoln being a Republican, Breckinridge a Southern Democrat, Bell a Constitutional Union, and Douglas a Northern Democrat. This was a very important race that helped shape the beginnings of the Civil War. As we know, Abraham Lincoln easily won the race, making seven states succeed to the Confederacy. This also terminated the presidency belonging to a Southerner, as they had been the majority of past presidents. Lincoln being elected caused one of the biggest uproars in that of the Civil War. Thanks to him, he started a war that killed over 600,000 people. If only he would have agreed with us that slavery is fine. This is how just one presidential election caused a war that will never be forgotten as it tore our great country apart for over 5 years.The Second Battle of Bull RunBy Stewart TankersleyThe Second Battle of Bull Run was another battle at Bull Run between August 28-30, 1862. The South was led by the infamous Robert E. Lee, while the North was led by John Pope. This battle was much more important than the first with many more implications on the line. The Confederates jumped out to an early advantage thanks to Stonewall Jackson when he pounced on a Union supply fort. Pope then tried to counter by attacking Jackson at railroad grade. Jackson’s troops were ready and Pope’s mission failed miserably. The final straw in the battle was after the failed attack by Pope. Pope regathered his troops on the main battlefield, but the Confederates were ready. The South counterattacked the largest simultaneous mass assault of the war. The Union was left crushed while the South was on the edge of winning the war. This battle was another turning point for the South. The casualties were very big again even for the victors. The North had an astonishing 14,000 and the South had 6,000. This was another important battle during the Civil War.Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” JacksonBy:Stewart TankersleyThomas Jonathan Jackson was born on January 21, 1824 in Clarksburg, Virginia. He was known for being one of the best strategists and generals for the Confederates in the Civil War. Jackson grew up in what is now West Virginia and attended one of the most prestigious colleges, West Point. After college, he served in the U.S. Army with the Mexican War being one of his first challenges. He became integrated into the Civil War when his home state of Virginia succeeded from the Union. Immediately, he made himself known at the First Battle of Bull Run where he led a brigade and fiended off a Union attack, earning him his name, “Stonewall”. After this, Stonewall continued to build his leadership skills. One of his biggest triumphs was when he led a brigade to loot a Union supply fort. He then made a valiant effort in the Second Battle of Bull Run where he again led the Confederacy to a victory. After that, he captured a key city in that of Harpers Ferry. This led to a Confederate victory at Fredericksburg, where Jackson defeated Ambrose Burnside. Unfortunately, Jackson was leading troops against Joseph Hooker, when he was accidently shot by one of his men. He then lost his left arm and died of pneumonia eight days later. Even though our great leader, Stonewall Jackson died at age 39, he left a legacy that we still remember today.

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