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A state is an organized community living under a
unified political system, the government.i
According to Aristotle,ii
“The state is a culmination of widening circles of human association based on
human wants”.iii
Human wants, according to him are not the ill traits of a human being, but
human wants are those intentions of people of an association which lead them
all to work for the same goal, work for overall welfare of the society and
simultaneously, make some rules and regulations to maintain peace and order so
that greatest happiness should be achieve in the society. These human wants are
satisfied in the Holy Qur’an which provides the concept of a welfare state in
which disorder is regarded as worse than murder (2:217) and those who provoke
it deserve the curse of Allah (47:22-23). If the state finds disorder in the
land, it is asked to try end it by peaceable means if possible, but if
necessary, to strike at its root by force of arms (8:39). The Holy Qur’an also
proclaims that “those who cause political turmoil should not be obeyed
(26:51-52) but should be killed or banished, as their action is likely to war
against Allah and His Messenger (5:33). Moreover, the secret of the success of
Islamic polity is said to lie

i See
the definition of “state”. Concise Oxford English Dictionary (9th
ed.), Oxford University Press. 1995.

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ii Aristotle
(384BC -322BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and
teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including
physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music logic, rhetoric, linguistics,
politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology.  Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato’s
teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western
philosophy. Aristotle’s writings were the first to create a comprehensive
system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality, aesthetics, logic,
science, politics, and metaphysics.

iii Suresh
Chandra Pant. History of Western Political Thought. Lucknow: Indian University
Press, 1983. pp 208.

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