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The
agricultural sector has done a large extent in the fringes of the process of
trade liberalisation that has been going on for the last 25 years. The rules of
the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade cover agricultural trade, but country
have found it convenient both to ask for aspersion to protect their own
domestic agicultural Interests and also to be less rigorous in the enforcement
of such rules even when derogations have not been requested.

 

The
principles of the GATT recognise that agricultural trade based on the
international division of labour is to the advantage of each country whether
importer or exporter. But the existence of extensive domestic farm-support
policies has meant that such trade has often become divorced from considerations
of efficient production moreover, such trade as exists has been characterised
by price instability and uncertainty of income for producing countries.

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One
of the alternative, which was the establishment of domestic farm policies which
are less disruptive of trade, has the larger application. Country would still
preserve their right to run as extensive a farm programme as they see fit
either individually or in conjunction with other country.

 

 

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Socrates argues that he cannot be held
accountable for the charge of corrupting the youth. He is accused of being the
biggest – if not the only – perpetrator of corruption of the youth in Athens.

Meletus names to be Socrates as the only corruptor, but Socrates calls
attention to the absurdity of the claim, since Meletus’ complementary argument
essentially implies that the rest of Athens influences the youth in a “positive”
way. That should not be the case, however, given that there is no logic in the
mass influence of one corruptor. Socrates explains this absurdity by using one
of his many analogies. He alludes to the constant influences when explaining
that just as there are few horse trainers, so there are few who are in a position
to really “train” the youth (25c, p.22). He later goes on to question
Meletus’ insistence on Socrates’ intention to harm. If Socrates voluntarily
hurt the youth, then they would hurt him in return, and no rational person
hurts himself on purpose (26a, p.22).

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Photosynthesis is one of the main physiological processes, which is affected by low temperature (Mohabbati et al. 2013). It causes severe restrictions for the plants to function and growth. The decrease of photosynthesis induced by low temperatures is a well-known response of chilling-sensitive plants. Most plant species are able to acclimate to changes in growth temperature by modifying the photosynthetic apparatus in a manner that helps in their survival under low-temperature stress conditions (Biswal et al. 2011). Gupta et al. (2014) observed that photosynthetic pigments, Chl a, b, and total Chl (a+b) content were significantly reduced (~0.3 to 0.9-fold) at 0ºC as compared to 25ºC in cold-sensitive plants but in cold resistant plants, though slight reduction was observed, the difference was not significant. It is well known that the chloroplast is the main organelle rapidly and deeply affected by cold stress (Ensminger et al. 2006). When plants are exposed to low-temperature stress, Chl biosynthesis is inhibited. Therefore, an imbalance in PSII is created after exposure to low temperature because of the alterations in the Chl antenna complexes (Habibi et al. 2011). At low temperature, the alterations in the content of total carotenoids show a tendency to a sharp increase, probably in order to increase of photon capture, as a strategy against cold-induced photoinhibition (Habibi et al. 2011). Gupta et al. (2014) observed that the total carotenoids content in the cold-sensitive plants sharply varied at a temperature range from 0 – 25?C, while no significant change was observed in the tolerant plants.  However, the overall photosynthetic performance of plants depends upon various stomatal or nonstomatal factors under cold stress (Freschi and Mercier 2012, Yamori et al. 2014). Stomata closure in response to cold stress generally occurs due to decreased leaf turgor and atmospheric pressure ultimately alters photosynthesis and the mesophyll metabolism (Medici et al. 2007, Xu and Zhou 2008).

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