Our federal government has 3 branches of government (Legislative, Executive, and Judicial). Each branch has a special job to perform to make this country it’s best.
Each branch is theoretically equal to each other but each branch has its own special powers that makes it unique. The Legislative branch’s essential job is to make the laws. The Judicial branch is to interpret the laws that the Legislative branch makes.
And finally the Executive branch. Their job is to enforce the laws that the Legislative makes and the Judicial branch interprets. Each branch has its own job to perform in order for this government to work for this country. The framers of the constitution knew that the most important action they could do in preventing the rise of tyranny in the United States was to divide the powers of government among the 3 different branches. The framers make a system so each branch can check each other so that one branch doesn’t become too powerful. This system is called checks and balances. Each branch checks over each other so that no to little mistakes are made.
This reminds me of a quote by James Madison. He said:”In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty is this: You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place, oblige it to control itself.” For example the Judicial branch checks over the Executive and Legislative and vice versa. Each branch has at least 1 check that they do on each other about having laws being constitutional. It’s kind of like this, the president may veto laws passed by the Congress. However, the Congress can override the veto by 2/3rds vote Another example is the Supreme court can check the Congress by declaring laws unconstitutional.
The powers are balanced by every branch is checking over each other. The central idea of the system of checks and balances was that no one branch should be able to get too far out of control without being put in check. If a president starts acting like a tyrannical king, he can be checked by the other branches or he can be impeached by Congress. If Congress tries to pass off laws that are completely unconstitutional, then those laws can be overthrown by the Supreme Court.