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Transport is one of the most
important element of the city concept. It consumes a large amount of energy to
operate and mainly fossil fuel is used for production. Today, the whole world
faces social, economic and environmental challenges that require governments to
change vision and focus more on sustainable transportation system. A system
that includes walkable roads, bicycle lanes and better territorial planning.
Green city concept not only increases people’s quality of life and preserves
environment, it also has economic benefit in terms of foreign investments and
attractiveness.

Kutaisi has very ineffective transportation
system. The city doesn’t have municipal transport enterprise. Private
organizations have permission for regular city routes. City Hall of Kutaisi
Municipality has transportation division which supervises transportation in the
city. So called- transport service control group is responsible for permission
and violation monitoring. Positive dynamics of the population of Kutaisi raised
the demand for public transport. That’s why improvement in current transportation
system and inclusion of sustainability become one of the most important goals of
local government. Currently, there are 230 privately owned cars per 1000
people, which is approximately twice lower than figures of Western European
cities, though increase in number of private vehicles has been observed lately (SEAP
2014). In Kutaisi like in other parts of Georgia, citizens prefer to have big,
inefficient vehicles. And for these reasons GHG emissions’ rate in the city has
upward trend.

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Kutaisi has poor transportation
fee paying system. The fee currently is paid directly to the drivers by cash.
This system has many disadvantages such as difficulties in terms of passengers
count, increased parking time, schedule violation, traffic delays and etc.
Moreover, because drivers have to do cash payments, they can’t adequately
supervise people’s safe boarding.

Post Author: admin

In the developing world, those
in poverty underutilise the health care that is available to them, and
furthermore spend income on ineffective solutions. Much of the effective health
care available is cheap and readily available, with high levels of marginal
benefit, particularly for the poor. These effective solutions are largely preventative
and have low associated costs. Measures include vaccination programmes,
improved sanitation and increased usage of mosquito nets. There are numerous
reasons why there is underutilisation. On the supply side the barriers revolve
around access and the quality of healthcare provided: resource allocation is
insufficient leading to substandard quality healthcare and a lack of essential
services that leads users not to bother, furthermore resource allocation is
inefficient as it is focused for example on providing services in urban areas
where they fail to benefit the rural poor who could benefit much more. In
conjunction with this there are barriers that stifles the demand for healthcare,
economic constraints restrict their ability to consume and their preferences
and behaviour affect their desire to utilise the available healthcare. By
nature, supply and demand behave cyclically and supply goes hand in hand with
demand and it is problematic to attempt to extricate fully one from the other.

Going forward, I will focus on the factors that repress demand and some of the
behaviours that result in effective solutions being underutilised, and then
give some solutions that can improve up these problems.

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Post Author: admin

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