2. ORGANIZATION FOR PREVENTION AND RESCUE
The Department of Cooperative Governance is responsible for disaster management in South Africa along with National Disaster Management Advisory Forum (NDMAF), National Disaster Management Center (NDMA) and Provincial Disaster Management Center (PDMC) are responsible for implementation. Many other organizations are also involved in rescue and rehabilitation of people and materials after disaster.
2(a) Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (CoGTA’s)
The COGTA Ministry comprises of the Department of Cooperative Governance and the Department of Traditional Affairs. It is the main governing body and responsible organization for disaster regarding legislation and other key issues. The main objective is to attend to people’s concerns first and foremost, followed by supporting the delivery of municipal services to the right quality and standard, promoting good governance, transparency and accountability, ensuring sound financial management and accounting, and building institutional resilience and administrative capability.
2(b) The National Disaster Management Advisory Forum (NDMAF)
The National Disaster Management Advisory Forum (NDMAF), which is the second level national structure dealing with disaster matters. The NDMAF is a Technical Forum, established by the Minister for Provincial and Local Government. The Forum is a body in which national, provincial and local government and other disaster management role-players consult one another and co-ordinate their actions on matters relating to disaster management. The main objective of the forum is to make recommendations concerning the national disaster management framework to the Intergovernmental Committee on Disaster Management (ICDM – political Forum), and may advise any organ of state, statutory functionary, non-governmental organization or community or the private sector on any matter relating to disaster management. The NDMAF meets on a quarterly basis and is chaired by the Head of the National Disaster Management Centre. It comprises of all governmental and non-governmental organizations.
2(c) National Disaster Management Center (NDMC)
The National Disaster Management Centre is the third level organization is established in terms of Section 8 of the Disaster Management Act, 2002 (Act No 57 of 2002) (DMA). The National Centre functions as an institution within the public service and forms part of, and functions within, a department of state (DCOG) for which the Minister is responsible. The National Centre is to promote an integrated and coordinated system of disaster management, with special emphasis on prevention and mitigation, by national, provincial and municipal organs of state, statutory functionaries, other role-players involved in disaster management and communities. The main objective of NDMC is to specialize and act as an advisory and consultative body on issues concerning disasters and disaster management, promote the recruitment, training and participation of volunteers in disaster management, disaster management capacity building, training and education to the extent that it may be appropriate.
2(d) Provincial Disaster Management Center (PDMC)
PMDC’s of South Africa works under the NDMC to act against the disasters, they are the fourth level of disaster management organization. The nine PMDC’s of South Africa are as under Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu – Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North Cape, North West, and Western Cape. The PDMC’s are further divided into (MDMC’s) Municipal Disaster Management Center which works under PMDC’s to act fast in case of disasters.
2(e) Rescue South Africa (Rescue SA)
Rescue SA is the official South African Disaster Response Team made up of volunteer emergency response specialists from the South African public and private sector emergency and ancillary services. The multi-disciplinary taskforces include specialist rescuers, trauma doctors, paramedics, K9 search dog units, civil engineers, chemical and safety specialists for many response capabilities ranging from structural collapse to fire and water rescue. The objective is to continue the development of Urban Search and Rescue Technicians and form a USAR Response team for the SADC region, as well as maintain equipment, and expand training into the African Union.