1:1 Urinary tract infection (UTIs)Urinarytract infection(UTIs) is one of the most common frequently occurring nosocomial infections.Normally UTIs are caused by a variety of Gram-negative and Gram-positivebacteria. -The Gram-positivebacteria include Staphylococcus sp, Streptococcus sp and Enterococcussp. -Gram-negative includes a large number of aerobic bacillisuch as Escherichia sp, Klebsiella sp, Enterobacter sp, Citrobactersp, Proteus sp, Serratia sp, Salmonella sp and Pseudomonas sp.Among this 80-90% ofUTI is caused by E.
coli and in ambulatory patients and of nosocomialinfections, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus aureus,Enterococcus faecalis are the most frequently isolated.Most of urinarytract infection are caused by bacteria that live in the intestine. The Escherichiacoli bacteria cause the majority of urinary tract infection. Somebacteria called Chlamydia and Mycoplasma can infect the urethra andreproductive system.
Also, they are may be sexually transmitted andrequire treatment of sexual partners. It is not known why kidney stones may occur.There are many medical disorders that predispose people to their development.
These conditions include gout, hyperparathyroidism, polycystic kidney diseaseand recurrent urinary tract infections. In other cases, abnormalities inthe constituents of urine appear to be the underlying problem. The urine maycontain excessive amounts of constituents that make up kidney stones such ascalcium or uric acid kidney stones can also predispose to urinarytract infections. Urinary tract infections occurring in the presence ofkidney stones can be very difficult to eradicate. Sometimes, if a stoneblocks a kidney for a prolonged period of time, the kidney may be irreversiblydamaged .A urinary tract infection will occur when microorganism get in tourinary tract and cause infection in this system and the result redness and swellingand pain in the urinary tract ,most UTIs stay in bladder where urine is storedand remain before get out in the body and the bacteria stay there and throw tothe urethra and kidney and cause infection and cause serious type infection iscalled pyelonephritis so pyelonephritisis actual infection of kidney it cause back pain and pain during urination andchange color and odder of urine ,so in microscopy test for urine can find puss cell andRBC and many time seen bacteria.What is couse of urinary tract infectionAbout 80% or 90% utis cause by bacteria called E .coli so this normally found in intestine in thereis normal flora .but while it transmit to the urinary tract it cause pathogen.and another type of bacteria cause infection of uti but is not common …What is the symptom of UTisNot all UTI s has symptom but may be one of this symptom get leastone of this symptom.1.Suddenly need to urinate after few drop of urine will come 2.Pain and burning during urinate3.Bloody or cloudy appearance ofurine4.Bad odor of urine5.Pain in lower back6.Chills and fever7.Vomiting and nausea Who more likely get UTIsPeople may have diabetes will changein immune system and cause utis1.People have blockage urinary tractsuch stone and enlargement of prostate gland and back flow urine and cause UTIs2.Infant who have problem withurinary tract as soon as need surgery3.People who have a catheter or tubein bladder it cause UTIs because contamination4.Gender .woman more likely get UTIsthan men bscouse has short urethra and nearly in anus5.Pregnant woman is more likely getUTIs because has high blood pressure or abnormality of fetus (1(